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Scirpus L.
bulrush

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1906. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. WA Literature
1921. Rhodora. MS Literature
1942. American Journal of Botany. ID Literature
1943. American Journal of Botany. WA Literature
1944. Castanea. OH Literature
1957. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters. WI Literature
1964. Proceedings of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. MS, OH Literature
1967. Castanea. AL Literature
1967. Proceedings of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. AZ, CT, IN, LA, MD, ME, NC, NH, NM, OH, OR, SD, TN, VT, WI, WV Literature
1979. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology. CA Literature
1986. Madroño. MT Literature
1987. Castanea. TN Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1994. Bartonia. AL, CO, TN Literature
1995. Aliso. CA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA Literature
Anderson & Gasser 7368 (ALA 00000350). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. MS, RI Literature
Argus 1105 (ALA 00006717). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle. WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
BOIS. Specimen at Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barker, Batten & Lynch BG03-219 (ALA V0146088). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE Literature
Batten 85-240 (ALA V0082687). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Batten & Juday 88-619 (ALA V0104208). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Bishop (ALA V0121293). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Bishop (ALA V0121294). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication. OR Literature
Bosworth & Grunblatt KSB01-42 (ALA V0151078). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Boucher BG02-286 (ALA V0142836). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Bramlet B-80 (ALA V0098442). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Braun, E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Camacho, Adrian. 2 June 2006. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. KY Observation
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Carter, R., Baker, W.W., Morris, W.M. 2009. Contributions to the flora of Georgia, U.S.A. Vulpia 8: 1-54. GA Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NJ, NY Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Cunningham & Stanford 286-78 (ALA 00087417). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
DUL. Specimen at University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota. WI Specimen
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
DeLapp 758 (ALA V0104692). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
DeLapp & Duffy 93-499 (ALA V0116340). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
DeLapp & Duffy 93-528 (ALA V0116368). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program. DE Literature
Deramus, R. 1970. Studies on the flora of the vascular plants of Dauphin Island, Mobile Co. Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. MS Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Drury 2083 (ALA 00073620). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy 93-810 (ALA V0114774). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy 95-543 (ALA V0120569). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Etcheberry, R., Abraham, D.and Muller, S. 2010. Nouvelles espèces de plantes vasculaires pour les îles Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon et commentaires sur la flore de l'archipel. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 111: 85-105. SB Literature
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. IA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, New York. MN Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Gordan, Ken. Personal communication. MS Literature
Gould, F.W. 1975. Texas plants - A checklist and ecological summary. Texas A&M University System, College Station. TX Literature
Grant 88-84 (ALA V0096804). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hahn, B.E. 1973. Flora of Montana: Conifers and monocots. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Hammer, Mike. Personal communication. IN Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heidel, B.,and J. Larson. 2009. Noteworthy collections. Wyoming. Madroño 56: 134-135. WY Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. NM Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Juneau Botanical Club 826 (ALA V0101184). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Keller & Knapman 1361 (ALA V0096475). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kennemore with Krosse & Hewitt 1790 (ALA V0122604). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Klein 473 (ALA 00017885). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO Literature
Lamont, E.E., D. Werier, and S.D. Glenn. 2014. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey range -- 2011 and 2012. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 141: 95-108. NY Literature
Lehr, J.H. 1978. A catalogue of the flora of Arizona. Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix. AZ Literature
Lesica, P., G. Moore, K.M. Peterson, and J.H. Rumely. 1984. Vascular plants of limited distribution in Montana. Monograph No. 2. Montana Academy of Sciences, Supplement to the Proceedings, vol. 43. MT Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Maine Natural Areas Program. ME Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Maryland Heritage and Biodiversity Conservation Programs. MD Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. MD Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA. VA Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
McCook, Lucile M. Personal communication. MS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. IA, KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Montana Natural Heritage Program. MT Literature
Muller 3152 (ALA 00087309). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Muller 4052 (ALA 00095407). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Muller 4848 (ALA V0075882). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
New Hampshire Natural Heritage Inventory. NH Literature
New Jersey Natural Heritage Program. NJ Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program. NY Literature
North American Flora. New York Botanical Garden, New York. ME Literature
North Carolina Natural Heritage Program. NC Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014. University of Maryland, College Park. DE, MD Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database. OH Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Oregon Natural Heritage Program. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Parker 1690 (ALA V0081770). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker 5226 (ALA V0117943). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker 5401 (ALA V0118025). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker, Batten, Bennett et al. 9622 (ALA V0130377). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker, Bennett, Blank & McWhorter 10200 (ALA V0130157). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife [online: accessed on 4 April 2005]. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Anchorage. Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. MS, NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Rare and Endangered Plants Technical Committee of the Idaho Natural Areas Council. 1981. Vascular plant species of concern in Idaho. Bulletin Number 34. University of Idaho, Moscow. ID Literature
Rayner, D.E., C. Aulbach-Smith., et al. South Carolina plant atlas. SC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Reyher, Deanna. Personal communication. WY Literature
Reznicek & Murray 11537 (ALA V0156698). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Rice, B. 1969. Plant checklist for Mineral King, California, Sequoia National Forest. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. USDA Forest Service, Porterville, CA. CA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Ripley, J.D. 1994. Vegetation of the United States Air Force Academy and the adjacent Regions of the Pike National Forest, El Paso County, Colorado. Department of Biology, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs. CO Literature
Robus 30 (ALA 00095244). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Roland & Mahovlic 4200 (ALA V0133853). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Schmuck 284 (ALA V0097285). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Schuyler, Alfred E. Personal communication. AL, DE, OH, VA Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Shetler & Stone 3129 (ALA 00017391). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Skojac, D.A., C.T. Bryson,and C.H. Walker. 2007. Noteworthy collections from the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta region of Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 1: 769-775. MS Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Sparks 75-43 (ALA V0116737). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Oregon Natural Heritage Information Center, Portland, Oregon. OR Specimen
Spetzman S.N. (ALA 00011958). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, W.E.,and R.H. Maxwell. 2009. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants III. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 118: 31-38. IN Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Ver Hoef 621 (ALA V0107157). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Vermont Nongame and Natural Heritage Program. VT Literature
Viereck 10847 (ALA V0118279). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Viereck 7241 (ALA 00058072). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Virginia Division of Natural Heritage. VA Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner 42 (ALA V0102784). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. Unpublished. NC, SC Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia Natural Heritage Program. WV Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. AL Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, Ronald G. Personal communication. MS Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin Natural Heritage Program. WI Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. WY Literature
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife. Sweet Water Press, Birmingham. Literature
Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis. MO Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
 
 
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