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PLANTS Profile


Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc.
Japanese knotweed

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1991. Douglasia WA Literature
1996. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science OK Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz SD Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (http://www.mass.gov/agr/farmproducts/proposed_prohibited_plant_list_v12-12-05.htm, 23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Massachusetts Literature
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ipc/weedinfo/winfo_list-pestrating.htm, 20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Chambers, Chris. 23 August 2007, OR Observation
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated CA Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/CT/invasives/WordInvasivesListCommonNameW-Authors4PDF.pdf, 20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut Literature
Creso, I. 1984. Vascular plants of western Washington. Johnson Cox Printers, Tacoma WA Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
Densmore 01anch3 (ALA V0136124). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program DC Literature
Division of Plant Industry. Summary of plant protection regulations (http://www.alabamaadministrativecode.state.al.us/docs/agr/10AGR14.htm#T1, 20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, Alabama Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
Etcheberry, R., Abraham, D.and Muller, S. 2010. Nouvelles espèces de plantes vasculaires pour les îles Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon et commentaires sur la flore de l'archipel. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 111: 85-105 SB Literature
Furlow, J.J. 1991. The vascular flora of Ohio: Vol. 2, Part 1 - Dicotyledoneae: Saururaceae through Fabaceae. Unpublished OH Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Gordan, Ken. Personal communication MS Literature
Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia WA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle OR Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hulten, E. 1950. Flora of Alaska and Yukon. CWK Gleerup, Lund AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
INVADERS database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu/) ID, MT, OR, WA Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Kaul, Robert. Personal communication NE Literature
Kelly, R.,and Y. Gregor. 2014. Flora survey of Rocky Point Marsh, Queens County, New York. Long Island Botanical Society Quarterly Newsletter 24: 1, 3-6 NY Literature
Krieckhaus 514 (ALA V0158035). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Liechty, Jeff. 30 August 2007, IN Observation
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames KS Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Muller 4622 (ALA V0070076). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
New Hampshire Code of Administrative Rules. Invasive species, Chapter Agr. 3800 (http://gencourt.state.nh.us/rules/agr3800.html, 15 September 2004). State of New Hampshire, New Hampshire Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Old, Richard. Personal communication ID Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/docs/pdf/603_052_1200.pdf, 24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/WEEDS/lists.shtml#Noxious_weed_policy___list, 24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Parks 14 (ALA V0156220). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parks 15 (ALA V0156219). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parks 17 (ALA V0156218). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parks 4 (ALA V0156222). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parks 8 (ALA V0156221). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
Robuck 1655 (ALA V0088725). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (http://www.tneppc.org/TNEPPC2004PlantList-8x11.pdf, 19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Stensvold 6889 (ALA V0122618). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge LA Literature
Thomas, W.E., S.P. Ash,and R.H. Maxwell. 2005. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants II. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114: 19-25 IN Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York Literature
Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (http://www.vermontagriculture.com/noxiousweeds.PDF, 20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets, Vermont Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx?cite=16-752, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/default.aspx?cite=16-750, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society MO Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
 
 
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