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Pinus L.
pine

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1971. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. TN Literature
1972. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. NC Literature
1977. Castanea. WV Literature
1979. Phytologia. NM Literature
1980. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology. CA Literature
1986. Douglasia. WA Literature
1989. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. DC Literature
1990. Phytologia. CA Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1992. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1992. AZ Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1994. Madroño. CA Literature
1996. Rhodora. RI Literature
1996. Sida. AL Literature
1998. Hawaiian alien plant studies. University of Hawaii. HI Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK, OR Literature
Ahlenslager, K., and P. Miller. 1999. Establishment record for Halliday Fen Research Natural Area within the Colville National Forest. Pend Oreille County, Washington. USDA Forest Service. WA Literature
Alabama Natural Heritage Program. AL Literature
Allen, P.H. 1961. Notes and observations. Florida longleaf pine fail in Virginia. Journal of Forestry 59: 453-454. VA Literature
Anderson 6448 (ALA 00000141). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Angelo, R. 2001. New England flora atlas database. MA Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AZ, CA, GA, ID, NV, OR, SC, TX, UT, WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
B. Legler 11720 (WTU). Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
BLMLK. Specimen at Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview, Oregon. OR Specimen
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE Literature
Batten & Juday 88-562 (ALA V0104171). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication to John Kartesz. OR Literature
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication. OR Literature
Bramlet B-132 (ALA V0098311). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Braun, E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Brown S.N. (ALA 00033419). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Brown, R.G., and M.L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
Buckingham, N.M., and E.L. Tisch. 1983. Additions to the native vascular flora of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Madroño 30(4): 7-78. CA Literature
Buegge, J.J. Flora of the Santa Teresa Mountains in Graham County, Arizona. AZ Literature
Butterworth, G., and A. Chadwick. 1995. Checklist of plants, Carrizo Plain Natural Area, rev. (1997-2000). Unpublished. CA Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Chapman, H.H. 1922. A new hybrid pine (Pinus palustris × Pinus taeda). Journal of Forestry 20: 729-734. LA Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Charlet, D.A. 1996. Atlas of Nevada conifers: A phytogeographic reference. University of Nevada Press, Reno. NV Literature
Charlet, David. Personal communication to John Kartesz. NV Literature
Charlet, David. Personal communication. NV Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Cooperrider, T.S, A.W. Cusick, and J.T. Kartesz (eds.). 1999. Seventh catalog of the vascular plants of Ohio (in press). Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Croxton S.N. (ALA 00008844). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Croxton S.N. (ALA 00024534). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
D. Goldman 2970 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 2975 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. OR Specimen
D. Goldman 4045 (GH). Specimen at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. MD Specimen
Dakan, W.D. 1974. A checklist of ferns and seed plants of Plumas County, California. Rev. 1981. Plumas National Forest, Quincy. CA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Davilla, B., G. Clifton, and D. Taylor. 1984. Checklist of vascular plants, Red Hills Management Area. Unpublished. Biosystems Analysis, Inc. CA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
DeLapp & Duffy 93-327 (ALA V0116182). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Deramus, R. 1970. Studies on the flora of the vascular plants of Dauphin Island, Mobile Co. Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. AL, MS Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
F. Callahan PM-3 (OSC 229695). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
F. Callahan s.n. (OSC 217775). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. IA Literature
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, (eds.). 1993. Flora of North America north of Mexico. 3+ vols. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford. AK Literature
Freyburger, B.W. 19 June 2005. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. NM Observation
Freyburger, B.W. 30 July 2006. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. NM Observation
Gasser S.N. (ALA 00009913). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
H.L. Oppenheimer H89902 (US 3447485). Specimen at Smithsonian Institution, Washington, District of Columbia. HI Specimen
Hahn, B.E. 1973. Flora of Montana: Conifers and monocots. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Hardy, J. 1998. Establishment record: Chewuch Research Natural Area. Okanogan National Forest, Okanogan County, Washington. USDA Forest Service. WA Literature
Harms 5227 (ALA 00034462). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Harsh, Joseph. Personal communication. MI Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ, NM, UT Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA, OR Literature
Hogan, Tim. 2001. Personal communication to John Kartesz. CO Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Howell, J.T. 1943. An enumeration of Norden plants. Sierra Club Nature Notes #12. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. Sierra Club, S.F. Bay Chapter, Natural Science Section. CA Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. Field work for Sierra Madre flora. Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
Hutchens, Robert. Personal communication. NM Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
Johnson, A.G. 1952. Spontaneous white pine hybrids. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 33: 179-187. MA Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Koenig 46 (ALA V0156741). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO Literature
L. Melvin s.n. (NCU 174063). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303. NM Literature
Layser, E.F. 1980. Flora of Pend Oreille County, Washington. Washington State University, Cooperative Extension, Pullman. WA Literature
Liogier, A.H., and L.F. Martorell. 1999. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent Islands: A systematic synopsis, 2nd ed. University of Puerto Rico, San Juan. PR Literature
Little 18014 (ALA 00046602). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18047 (ALA 00046603). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18067 (ALA 00046604). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18085 (ALA 00046596). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18114 (ALA 00046601). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18115 (ALA 00046599). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18138 (ALA 00046598). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 18532 (ALA 00046597). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 26634 (ALA 00057776). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 26635 (ALA 00057768). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little 26667 (ALA 00057858). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little & Harris 26800 (ALA 00057748). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Little, E.L. Jr. 31135 (US 3280766). Specimen at Smithsonian Institution, Washington, District of Columbia. HI Specimen
Little, E.L., Jr. 1953. Check list of native and naturalized trees of the United States (including Alaska). Agriculture Handbook No. 41. USDA, Washington, DC. NC Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees. Vols. 1-6 plus supplements. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1146. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC. ID, UT Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. USDA, Washington, DC. ID, MT, NE, OK, OR, SD, WA Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. ND, SD Literature
McLaughlin, Steven P. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AZ Literature
McLaughlin, Steven P. Personal communication. AZ Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Monroe, Gary. 15 July 2007. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. NV Observation
Muller 2988 (ALA 00087514). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Muller 4792 (ALA V0080643). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. AZ, NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. AZ, NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. AZ, NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Nelson & Nelson 4449 (ALA 00000142). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Nelson, C.D., et al. 2003. On the number of genes controlling the grass stage of longleaf pine. Journal of Heredity 94: 392-398. TX Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program. NY Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. 2014. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. University of Maryland, College Park. MD Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014. University of Maryland, College Park. DE, MD Literature
O. Matthews s.n. (OSC 53054). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
Oklahoma Biological Survey. 2015. Oklahoma Vascular Plants Database [online: accessed on 10 May 2015]. OK Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Parker, Bennett & McWhorter 10039 (ALA V0130196). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Porter, C.L. 1962. A flora of Wyoming. University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 402, 404, 418, 434, Res. J. 14, 20, 64, 65. WY Literature
Radford, A., et al. (eds.). Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Unpublished and undated. FL Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Redmond, Steven. October 2007. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. GA Observation
Redmond, Steven. October 2007. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. GA Observation
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Rice, K.C. 1994. Vegetation and flora of the Superstition Wilderness Area, Central Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Ripley, J.D. 1994. Vegetation of the United States Air Force Academy and the adjacent Regions of the Pike National Forest, El Paso County, Colorado. Department of Biology, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs. CO Literature
Runnels, James M. October 2007. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. TX Observation
S.W. Leonard 188 (NCU 370147). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Schmidtling, R.C., and N.M. Scarbrough. 1968. Graphic analysis of Erambert's hybrid. Southern Forest Experiment Station, U.S. Forest Service Research Note SO-80: 1-3. MS Literature
Schuller, S.R., and L.C. Cornelius. 1982. Checklist of the vascular plants of Goat Marsh Research Natural Area. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station Administrative Report PNW-3. USDA Forest Service. WA Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication to John Kartesz. UT Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Singhurst, J.R., J.N. Mink,and W.C. Holmes. 2012. Pinus clausa (Pinaceae) adventive in Texas. Phytoneuron 2012-24: 1-5. TX Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Stensvold 6229 (ALA V0115901). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Stevens, O.A. 1950. Handbook of North Dakota plants. Knight Printing Co., Fargo. ND Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Strong, W. L. 2010. Pinus contorta var. yukonensis var. nov. (Pinaceae) from south-central Yukon, Canada. Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 448-452. YT Literature
Sudworth, G.B. 1927. Check list of the forest trees of the United States. Their names and ranges. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. TX Literature
Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region, eds. 1-4. Morton Arboretum, Lisle. IN Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Vincent, M.A., R.L. Gardner,and B.P. Riley. 2011. Additions to and interesting records for the Ohio vascular flora (with one new record for Indiana). Phytoneuron 2011-60: 1-23. OH Literature
Virginia Natural Heritage Program. Rare, threatened and endangered plant species of Virginia. VA Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Warner 43 (ALA V0074844). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
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