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PLANTS Profile


Lythrum salicaria L.
purple loosestrife

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1980. Bartonia DC, OR, TN Literature
1991. Douglasia WA Literature
1996. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science OK Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
2001. New Mexico Botanist NM Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford WA Literature
Agronomy Services Division. Minnesota noxious weed rules (http://www.mda.state.mn.us/appd/weeds/noxiousplantsminnesota.pdf, 20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Minnesota Literature
Arkansas State Plant Board. Regulations on plant diseases and pests (http://www.plantboard.org/plant_pdfs/plantdiseasereg.pdf, 20 October 2003). Arkansas State Plant Board, Arkansas Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Barbe, D. 1994. County index map detection manual. Unpublished. California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento CA Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management. Aquatic plant importation, transportation, non-nursery cultivation, possession and collection (http://www.dep.state.fl.us/lands/invaspec/2ndlevpgs/perrules.htm, 20 October 2003). Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Florida Literature
Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (http://www.mass.gov/agr/farmproducts/proposed_prohibited_plant_list_v12-12-05.htm, 23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Massachusetts Literature
Bureau of Plant Industry. Noxious weed regulations (http://www.agr.state.ne.us/division/bpi/nwp/nwp1.htm, 24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Nebraska Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ipc/weedinfo/winfo_list-pestrating.htm, 20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Literature
California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/inventory/index.php, 1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NJ Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/CT/invasives/WordInvasivesListCommonNameW-Authors4PDF.pdf, 20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
Department of Agriculture of Tennessee. Plant pest act (http://www.state.tn.us/sos/rules/0080/0080-06/0080-06-24.pdf, 20 October 2003). Department of Agriculture of Tennessee, Tennessee Literature
Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology. Summary of plant protection regulations (http://www.in.gov/dnr/entomolo/pestinfo/invasive.htm, 20 October 2003). Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indiana Literature
Division of Plant Industry. Summary of plant protection regulations (http://www.alabamaadministrativecode.state.al.us/docs/agr/10AGR14.htm#T1, 20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, Alabama Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
Etcheberry, R., Abraham, D.and Muller, S. 2010. Nouvelles espèces de plantes vasculaires pour les îles Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon et commentaires sur la flore de l'archipel. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 111: 85-105 SB Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Gordan, Ken. Personal communication MS Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station TX Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia WA Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2003. Noxious weeds data. Unpublished CA Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
INVADERS database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu/) ID, MT, OR, WY Literature
Idaho Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed rules (http://www.agri.state.id.us/Categories/PlantsInsects/NoxiousWeeds/watchlistsci.php, 24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture, Idaho Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Iowa Department of Agricultureand Land Stewardship. The Iowa weed law (http://www.weeds.iastate.edu/reference/weedlaw.htm, 20 October 2003). Iowa Department of Agriculture & land Stewardship, Iowa Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Lee, R.D. 1999. New Mexico's invasive weeds. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Mansfield, D.H. 2000. Flora of Steens Mountain. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Marx, Ernie. 6 August 2007, CO Observation
McAvoy, William. Personal communication DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2 KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames ND, NE, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Montana Department of Agriculture. Montana noxious weeds list (http://www.agr.state.mt.us/weedpest/noxiousweedslist.asp, 24 May 2006). Montana Department of Agriculture, Montana Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Nevada Administrative Code. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (http://www.leg.state.nv.us/NAC/NAC-555.html, 20 October 2003). State of Nevada, Nevada Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
North Dakota Century Code. Noxious weed control (http://www.agdepartment.com/Programs/Plant/NoxiousWeeds.html, 20 October 2003). State of North Dakota, North Dakota Literature
Office of the Director/Secretary. New Mexico noxious weed list (http://nmdaweb.nmsu.edu/DIVISIONS/APR/weed.html, 20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture, New Mexico Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/docs/pdf/603_052_1200.pdf, 24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/WEEDS/lists.shtml#Noxious_weed_policy___list, 24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. Pennsylvania noxious weed control list (http://www.agriculture.state.pa.us/agriculture/cwp/view.asp?q=127683, 20 October 2003). Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Pennsylvania Literature
Plant Industry Division. Noxious weeds (http://www.ohioagriculture.gov/pubs/divs/plnt/curr/rules/plnt-901-5-37.pdf, 20 October 2003). Ohio Department of Agriculture, Ohio Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (http://www.ag.state.co.us/CSD/Weeds/statutes/weedrules.pdf, 23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/quarantine5.htm, 1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Revised Statues of Missouri. Insect pests and weeds (http://www.moga.state.mo.us/STATUTES/C263.htm, 20 October 2003). Missouri Department of Agriculture, Missouri Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Smith, Eric. Personal communication IL Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
South Carolina Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. Illegal aquatic plants in South Carolina (http://www.dnr.state.sc.us/water/envaff/aquatic/illegal1.html, 20 October 2003). South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, South Carolina Literature
South Dakota Code. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (http://legis.state.sd.us/rules/DisplayRule.aspx?Rule=12:51:03:01, 24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota Literature
South Dakota Code. South Dakota weed and pest control, Chapter 38-22, Article 12:62 (http://legis.state.sd.us/rules/rules/12/62/1262.doc, 24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota Literature
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (http://www.tneppc.org/TNEPPC2004PlantList-8x11.pdf, 19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
State Crop Pest Commission. Designation of plant pests (http://drpsp.clemson.edu/dpi/npp.htm, 24 May 2006). State of South Carolina, South Carolina Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
Texas Administrative Code. Quarantines and noxious plants, Chapter 19 (http://info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.TacPage?sl=R&app=9&p_dir=&p_rloc=&p_tloc=&p_ploc=&pg=1&p_tac=&ti=4&pt=1&ch=19&rl=300, 24 May 2006). State of Texas, Texas Literature
Thomas, W.E., S.P. Ash,and R.H. Maxwell. 2005. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants II. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114: 19-25 IN Literature
Utah Department of Agriculture. Utah noxious weed act (http://ag.utah.gov/plantind/nox_utah.html, 20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture, Utah Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York Literature
Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (http://www.vermontagriculture.com/noxiousweeds.PDF, 20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets, Vermont Literature
Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Virginia noxious weed law (http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+3.1-296.11, 20 October 2003). Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Virginia Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx?cite=16-752, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/default.aspx?cite=16-750, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society MO Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill AL Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson MS Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (http://www.wyoweed.org/docs/designated_weeds_pests.html, 20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
 
 
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