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PLANTS Profile


Elymus repens (L.) Gould
quackgrass

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ipc/weedinfo/winfo_list-pestrating.htm, 20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Literature
Division of Agriculture. State of Alaska prohibited and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.dnr.state.ak.us/ag/ag_pmc.htm, 20 October 2003). Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Alaska Literature
Division of Plant Health. Kansas noxious weed law (http://www.accesskansas.org/kda/Plantpest/PestManagement/plant-pestmanagement-weeds.htm, 20 October 2003). Kansas Department of Agriculture, Kansas Literature
Division of Plant Industry. List of plant species designated as noxious weeds (http://www.hawaiiag.org/hdoa/adminrules/AR-68.pdf, 20 October 2003). Hawaii Department of Agriculture, Hawaii Literature
Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin Literature
Iowa Department of Agricultureand Land Stewardship. The Iowa weed law (http://www.weeds.iastate.edu/reference/weedlaw.htm, 20 October 2003). Iowa Department of Agriculture & land Stewardship, Iowa Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/docs/pdf/603_052_1200.pdf, 24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/WEEDS/lists.shtml#Noxious_weed_policy___list, 24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (http://www.ag.state.co.us/CSD/Weeds/statutes/weedrules.pdf, 23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/quarantine5.htm, 1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska Literature
Utah Department of Agriculture. Utah noxious weed act (http://ag.utah.gov/plantind/nox_utah.html, 20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture, Utah Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (http://www.wyoweed.org/docs/designated_weeds_pests.html, 20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, GL, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Anderson 5681 (ALA 00027542). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Anderson 6064 (ALA 00027540). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Anderson 881 (ALA 00000171). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Anderson & Gasser 5833 (ALA 00010373). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Anderson & Gasser 7422 (ALA 00000169). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Densmore 01DENA100 (ALA V0136073). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Densmore 01DENA119 (ALA V0136086). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Densmore 01DENA120 (ALA V0136087). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Densmore 01wrst7 (ALA V0136104). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Densmore 01wrst7b (ALA V0136105). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy 912 (ALA V0119144). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 95-498 (ALA V0120534). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 95-760 (ALA V0120708). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Gasser (ALA 00000170). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Gasser (ALA 00010371). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Gasser (ALA 00010400). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Gasser (ALA 00010402). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford AK Literature
Krieckhaus 483 (ALA V0158021). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lichvar 8479 (ALA V0150635). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Murray, Yurtsev & Kelso 11744 (ALA V0114460). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Murray, Yurtsev & Kelso 11757B (ALA V0114472). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Neiland 890 (ALA V0102263). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
O'Farrell & O'Farrell 36 (ALA 00009657). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 7708 (ALA V0122813). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Preusser s.n. (ALA V0122800). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Rausch (ALA V0078399). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Rausch (ALA V0078498). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Unknown (ALA 00010401). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Ver Hoef 195 (ALA V0107387). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Ver Hoef 216 (ALA V0107381). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Wild 30 (ALA 00031976). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. (http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/documents/Herbarium/FourCornersFlora.pdf) AZ Literature
Imdorf, G.J. 1995. Flora and vegetation of the Sierra Ancha Wilderness Area, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis (http://lifesciences.asu.edu/herbarium/). Arizona State University, Tempe AZ Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1993. Manual of the vascular plants of Caswell Memorial State Park, rev. 1997-1998. Unpublished. California State Parks & Recreation CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Floristic list part of wetlands report submitted by J. Glazner Environmental Consulting. Unpublished CA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Witham, C. 1996. Checklist of plants, Jepson Prairie Preserve. Unpublished CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program DC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology DE Literature
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington DE Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
BOIS. Specimen at Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/boise/research/shrub/greatbasin.shtml). ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, (http://imnh.isu.edu/Collections/Botany.htm). ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
INVADERS database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu/) ID, MT, OR, WA, WY Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Myers, R.M. 1972. Annotated catalog and index for the Illinois flora. Western Illinois University Series in Biological Sciences, No. 10. Macomb IL Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014 (http://www.nbh.psla.umd.edu). University of Maryland, College Park MD Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis MO Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
Bryson, Charles. Personal communication MS Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878 MT Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Allred, Kelly W. Personal communication NM Literature
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303 NM Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961 NM Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NY Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque OH Literature
BLMLK. Specimen at Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview, Oregon, (http://www.blm.gov/or/districts/lakeview/overview.php). OR Specimen
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Simpson, C., J. Koenig, R. Love, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg, D. Wagner, and P. Warner. 2002. Vascular plants of Lane County, Oregon. Native Plant Society of Oregon OR Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin TX Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322 VA Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
1991. Douglasia WA Literature
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido WA Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
 
 
Time Generated: 09/26/2020 02:27 PM CDT