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Bidens L.
beggarticks

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1920. Botanical Gazette. HI Literature
1929. Madroño. CA Literature
1937. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. DE, OH Literature
1937. Fieldiana: Botany (Chicago Natural History Museum). AL, DC, HI, MA, NH, NY, TX, VT, WV Literature
1946. Castanea. MD Literature
1949. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. NC Literature
1964. Phytologia. MD Literature
1966. Sida. LA Literature
1968. Castanea. MS Literature
1986. American Journal of Botany. GA, NM Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1992. Phytologia. AZ Literature
1994. Plant species list, Cosumnes River Preserve. Unpublished. CA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
ASU. Specimen at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona. AZ Specimen
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA Literature
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 78. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. VI Literature
Ailes 106 (ALA 00097266). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Ailes 117 (ALA 00097238). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Alabama Natural Heritage Program. AL Literature
Albee, B.J., L.M. Shultz, and S. Goodrich. 1988. Atlas of the vascular plants of Utah. Utah Museum of Natural History Occasional Publication No. 7. Salt Lake City. UT Literature
Anderson 7059 (ALA V0088722). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AZ, LA, MS, NY, SC Literature
Argus 739 (ALA 00004644). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Ballard, R.E. 1975. A biosystematic and chemotaxonomic study of the Bidens pilosa complex in North and Central America. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Iowa, Iowa City. AZ, CO, NM, OK Literature
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE, VA Literature
Blatt 89-41 (ALA V0104641). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication. OR Literature
Bogaers & Farjon 768 (ALA V0082010). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR, VI Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT Literature
Brown, L.E. Personal communication. TX Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. DE, MD Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Carter, J.R. 1978. A floristic study of the Delta National Forest and adjacent areas. M.S. Thesis. Mississippi State University. MS Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clark, S. 1995. United States Fish and Wildlife Service report. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. CA Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Cook & Larsen 02-551 (ALA V0151435). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cook & Larsen 02-552B (ALA V0151436). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Cronquist, A. 1980. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (includes vol. 1). University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. MS Literature
Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, and P.K. Holmgren. 1972. Intermountain flora: Vascular plants of the Intermountain West. New York Botanical Garden, New York. ID Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
DeLapp 669 (ALA V0104805). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
DeLapp 696 (ALA V0104817). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program. DE Literature
Deramus, R. 1970. Studies on the flora of the vascular plants of Dauphin Island, Mobile Co. Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. MS Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duffy MD00-248 (ALA V0147885). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy MD00-290 (ALA V0147925). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy MD01-280 (ALA V0154727). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy MD02-329 (ALA V0149084). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy, Tande & Raynolds 95-850 (ALA V0120771). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Dunn, R.A., and S.M. Jones. 1981. Vascular plant species of limited distribution and abundance in South Carolina. Department of Forestry Technical Paper No. 13. Clemson University, Clemson. SC Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. IN, TN Literature
Fisher, T.R. 1988. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 3. Asteraceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
GH. Specimen at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. OR Specimen
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Gleason, H.A. 1963. The New Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Hafner Publishing Co., Inc., New York. PA Literature
Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, New York. CA Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Halliday, Glenn. Personal communication. OR Literature
Harms 3946 (ALA 00035762). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Harms 4954 (ALA 00033932). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Harms 5016 (ALA 00033931). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heglund 85-483 (ALA V0120013). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. NM, UT Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle. OR, WA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1993. Manual of the vascular plants of Caswell Memorial State Park, rev. 1997-1998. Unpublished. California State Parks & Recreation. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. OR Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
Jacobs 87-44 (ALA V0090435). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
James, S.A., and C.T. Imada (eds.). 2007. Pacific Basin vascular plant checklist. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu. PW, UM Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kassler 264 (ALA 00097059). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kassler 390 (ALA 00097058). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Keller & Knapman 1340 (ALA V0096455). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kelso & Edwards 88-54 (ALA V0096272). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Larsen & Cook 02-2492 (ALA V0146643). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Larsen & Cook 02-2501 (ALA V0146644). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Larson 101 (ALA 00035475). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303. NM Literature
Lehr, J.H. 1978. A catalogue of the flora of Arizona. Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix. AZ Literature
Liogier, H.A., and L.F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent Islands: A systematic synopsis. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. PR Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. MD Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA. VA Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. CO, KS, MO, ND, NE, OK, SD, TX Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Medley, Max. Personal communication. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Meyers 79-22 (ALA 00091376). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. CA Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
New Jersey Natural Heritage Program. NJ Literature
New Mexico Natural Heritage Program. NM Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program. NY Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014. University of Maryland, College Park. DE, MD Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database. OH Literature
Oklahoma Biological Survey. 2013. Oklahoma Vascular Plants Database [online: accessed on 22 April 2014]. OK Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Parker 2208 (ALA V0102823). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker s.n. (ALA V0085927). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Peterson 78 (ALA V0073876). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Rink, G. Canyon de Chelly checklist. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Rogers, K.E. Checklist of the vascular flora of Forrest, Lamar, and Perry counties, Mississippi. Unpublished and undated. MS Literature
Roland & Batten 5212 (ALA V0141591). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Roland & Mahovlic 4618 (ALA V0141168). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
SOC. Specimen at Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon. OR Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Sattler 85-73 (ALA V0084272). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Schaffner, J.H. 1932. Revised catalog of Ohio vascular plants. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin 25. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Schmuck 1325 (ALA V0136067). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Schmuck s.n. (ALA 00028611). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Schneider 76 (ALA 00026650). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. ME, NH Literature
Sharp, A.J., R.E. Shanks, J.K. Underwood, and E. McGilliard. 1960. A preliminary checklist of monocots in Tennessee. Published by authors, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. TN Literature
Shetler 605-AF (ALA 00004049). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Simpson (ALA V0121585). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith 1919 (ALA 00010625). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
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Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
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UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
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Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. Unpublished. NC, SC Literature
Weber, W.A., and B.C. Johnston. 1976. Natural History inventory of Colorado. I. Vascular plants, Lichens, and Bryophytes. University of Colorado Museum, Boulder. CO Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society. MO Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wetter, M.A., T.S. Cochrane, M.R. Black, H.H. Iltis, and P.E. Berry. 2001. Checklist of the vascular plants of Wisconsin. Technical Bulletin No. 192. Department of Natural Resources, Madison. WI Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Wiberg, C., and S. Greene. 1985. Blackwater Island Research Natural Area. Federal Research Natural Areas in Oregon and Washington: A Guidebook for Scientists and Educators, Supplement No. 11. WA Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wilhelm, G.S. 1984. Vascular flora of the Pensacola Region. Ph.D. Dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. AL Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Woodbury, R.O., and E.L. Little, Jr. 1976. Flora of Buck Island Reef National Monument (U.S. Virgin Islands). Research Paper ITF-19. USDA Forest Service. VI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
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