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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

Federal Noxious Weeds
112 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Noxious weeds that are synonyms retain their noxious status, and are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name.

USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters (). National Plant Board.

USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). 2012. Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ.

Symbol Scientific Name Noxious Common Name Federal Noxious Status Native Status*
AEGIN Aeginetia L. NW
AGAD2 Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M. King & H. Rob. crofton weed NW L48 (I), HI (I)
ALECT2 Alectra Thunb. NW (I)
ALSE4 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. sessile joyweed NW (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ASFI2 Asphodelus fistulosus L. onionweed NW L48 (I)
AVST Avena sterilis L. animated oat NW L48 (I), CAN (W)
AZPI Azolla pinnata R. Br. mosquito fern NW L48 (I)
CAOX6 Carthamus oxyacanthus M. Bieb. L48 (I)
CAOX2 Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb., orth. var. wild safflower NW
CATA5 Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh1 NW L48 (I)
CHAC Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. pilipiliula NW (N), L48 (I), HI (I)
COBE2 Commelina benghalensis L. Benghal dayflower NW (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CRVU2 Crupina vulgaris Cass. common crupina NW L48 (I)
CUSCU Cuscuta L.2 dodder NW (I,N), L48 (I,N)
DIAB Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf HI (I)
DISC5 Digitaria scalarum (Schweinf.) Chiov. African couch grass NW
DIVE2 Digitaria velutina (Forssk.) P. Beauv. velvet fingergrass NW L48 (I)
DRAR7 Drymaria arenarioides Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. [excluded] alfombrilla NW
EIAZ2 Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth anchored waterhyacinth NW L48 (I), PR (I)
EMAU Emex australis Steinh. three-cornered jack NW L48 (I)
EMSP Emex spinosa (L.) Campd. devil's thorn NW L48 (I), HI (I)
GAOF Galega officinalis L. goatsrue NW L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA17 Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier giant hogweed NW L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYVE3 Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle hydrilla NW L48 (I)
HYPO3 Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson Miramar weed NW L48 (I)
IMBR Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Brazilian satintail NW L48 (I), PR (I)
IMCY Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. cogongrass NW (NI), L48 (I)
IPAQ Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Chinese waterspinach NW (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ISRU Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. murain-grass NW (N), L48 (I)
LAMA15 Lagarosiphon major (Ridley) Moss oxygen weed NW
LECH2 Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees [excluded] Asian sprangletop NW
LISE3 Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume ambulia NW L48 (I)
LYFE4 Lycium ferocissimum Miers L48 (I)
LYFE3 Lycium ferrocissimum Miers, orth. var. African boxthorn NW
LYFL7 Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw. maidenhair creeper NW
MEQU Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.F. Blake melaleuca NW (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MEMA Melastoma malabathricum L. NW (N), HI (I)
MICO16 Mikania cordata (Burm. f.) B.L. Rob. [excluded] mile-a-minute NW
MIMI5 Mikania micrantha Kunth mile-a-minute NW L48 (I), PR (N)
MIDI8 Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MIIN80 Mimosa invisa Mart., non Mart. ex Colla giant sensitive plant NW
MIPE2 Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. L48 (N), PR (N)
MIPI Mimosa pigra auct. non L. catclaw mimosa NW
MOHA2 Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms [excluded] monochoria NW
MOVA Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl ex Kunth pickerel weed NW L48 (I), HI (I)
MOCO8 Moraea collina Thunb. Cape tulip NW L48 (I)
MOFL2 Moraea flaccida (Sweet) Steud. Cape tulip NW
MOMI4 Moraea miniata Andrews NW
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca (Salisb.) Drapiez NW
MOPA8 Moraea pallida (Baker) Goldblatt NW
NATR3 Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. serrated tussock NW L48 (I)
ONAC2 Onopordum acaulon L. NW
ONIL Onopordum illyricum L. NW L48 (I)
OPAU10 Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. jointed prickly pear NW
OROBA Orobanche L.2 broomrape NW (N), L48 (I,N)
ORLO3 Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehr. red rice NW
ORPU13 Oryza punctata Kotzchy ex Steud. red rice NW
ORRU Oryza rufipogon Griffiths red rice NW L48 (I)
OTAL Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. duck-lettuce NW L48 (I)
PASC6 Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Kodo-millet NW (NI), L48 (I), HI (I)
PECL2 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. kikuyugrass NW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PEMA80 Pennisetum macrourum Trin. African feathergrass NW L48 (I), HI (I)
PEPE24 Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin. kyasuma-grass NW L48 (I)
PEPO14 Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPO4 Pennisetum polystachyon (L.) Schult., orth. var. missiongrass NW
PRAL11 Prosopis alpataco Phil. mesquite NW
PRAR6 Prosopis argentina Burkart mesquite NW
PRBU2 Prosopis burkartii Muñoz mesquite NW
PRCA9 Prosopis caldenia Burkart mesquite NW
PRCA10 Prosopis calingastana Burkart mesquite NW
PRCA11 Prosopis campestris Griseb. mesquite NW
PRCA12 Prosopis castellanosii Burkart mesquite NW
PRDE4 Prosopis denudans Benth. mesquite NW
PREL5 Prosopis elata (Burkart) Burkart mesquite NW
PRFA2 Prosopis farcta (Banks & Sol.) J.F. Macbr. Syrian mesquite NW L48 (I)
PRFE2 Prosopis ferox Griseb. mesquite NW
PRFI4 Prosopis fiebrigii Harms mesquite NW
PRHA4 Prosopis hassleri Harms ex Hassler mesquite NW
PRHU3 Prosopis humilis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. mesquite NW
PRKU2 Prosopis kuntzei Harms ex Hassler mesquite NW
PRPA4 Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth kiawe NW (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PRPA10 Prosopis palmeri S. Watson mesquite NW
PRRE2 Prosopis reptans Benth. tornillo NW L48 (N)
PRRO4 Prosopis rojasiana Burkart mesquite NW
PRRU4 Prosopis ruizlealii Burkart mesquite NW
PRRU5 Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb. mesquite NW
PRSE5 Prosopis sericantha Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. mesquite NW
PRST3 Prosopis strombulifera (Lam.) Benth. Argentine screwbean NW L48 (I)
PRTO3 Prosopis torquata DC. mesquite NW
PRVE Prosopis velutina Wooton L48 (N), HI (I)
PRAR4 Prosopis articulata S. Watson velvet mesquite NW
ROCO6 Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton itchgrass NW L48 (I), PR (I)
RUFR80 Rubus fruticosus L. [excluded] wild blackberry complex NW
RUMO4 Rubus moluccanus L. [excluded] wild blackberry NW
SASP Saccharum spontaneum L. wild sugarcane NW (N), HI (I), PR (I)
SASA7 Sagittaria sagittifolia L. [excluded] arrowhead NW
SAVE6 Salsola vermiculata L. wormleaf salsola NW L48 (I)
SAAU Salvinia auriculata Aubl. giant salvinia NW PR (I)
SABI9 Salvinia biloba Raddi giant salvinia NW
SAHE7 Salvinia herzogii de la Sota giant salvinia NW
SAMO5 Salvinia molesta Mitchell giant salvinia NW L48 (I), HI (I)
SEIN10 Senecio inaequidens DC. South African ragwort NW
SEPUP3 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ssp. pallidefusca (Schumach.) B.K. Simon L48 (I)
SEPA82 Setaria pallidifusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubbard, orth. var. cattail grass NW
SOTA3 Solanum tampicense Dunal wetland nightshade NW L48 (I)
SOTO4 Solanum torvum Sw. turkeyberry NW (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SOVI2 Solanum viarum Dunal tropical soda apple NW L48 (I)
SPER Sparganium erectum L. exotic bur-reed NW L48 (I)
SPAL3 Spermacoce alata Aubl. [excluded] borreria NW
STRIG Striga Lour. witchweed NW, Q (N), L48 (I)
TRPR5 Tridax procumbens L. coat buttons NW (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
URPA Urochloa panicoides P. Beauv. liverseed grass NW L48 (I)


†CodeNoxious Status
NW Noxious weed
Q Quarantine

*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I,N None
N Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jursdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada

1 Mediterranean clone  
2 other than native or widely distributed species  

Additional Federal government efforts to understand and control noxious plants can be found at:


Time Generated: 04/17/2021 04:21 PM CDT