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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
smooth cordgrass
SPAL

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 3.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass Yes
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.4
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.0
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 2728
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 40000
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 40
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 100
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance High
Frost Free Days, Minimum 140   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -23
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs Yes
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 20000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 

Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
smooth cordgrass
SPAL
Cultivar: Bayshore

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 3.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass Yes
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 2728
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 40000
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 40
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance High
Frost Free Days, Minimum 145   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -13
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs Yes
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 85000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate None
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
smooth cordgrass
SPAL
Cultivar: Vermilion

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 3.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass Yes
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 2728
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 40000
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 40
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance High
Frost Free Days, Minimum 175   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 17
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Summer   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs Yes
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 85000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate None
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 08/10/2020 07:29 AM CDT