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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Salix nigra Marshall
black willow
SANI

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum 50
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 100.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color   Lifespan Short
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.8
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1200
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 18
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 80
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 32
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -58
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 2500000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 08/06/2020 02:44 AM CDT