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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Salix humilis Marshall
prairie willow
SAHU2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 10
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 10.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Dark Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Semi-Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.9
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.0
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 1200
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1700
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 20
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 80   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -43
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability No Known Source   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 01/26/2020 11:04 AM CST