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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Salix alba L.
white willow
SAAL2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 45
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 70.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color White      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.8
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 300
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 20
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 90
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 24
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 100   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 

Salix alba L.
white willow
SAAL2
Cultivar: Britzensis

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 16
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 70.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color White      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.2
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.0
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 300
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 20
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 16
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 100   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance High   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate None
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 12/09/2019 10:47 AM CST