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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Quercus shumardii Buckley
Shumard's oak
QUSH

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 35
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 100.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.6
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 800
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 25
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 70
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 40
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -22
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 100
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product High   Post Product No
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product Yes   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product Yes
 
 
Time Generated: 07/09/2020 06:36 PM CDT