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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 3.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.8
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 30
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 65
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -43
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Clair

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 3.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 30
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 65
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Climax

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Green   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Yellow-Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.6
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.4
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 35
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 50
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 95   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Drummond

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.6
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.4
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 35
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 50
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 100   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Dyansty

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.2
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.3
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.4
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 32
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 50
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -38
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Engmo

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 24
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 45
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 126   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -43
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Itasca

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.3
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.4
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 32
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 55
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -38
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phleum pratense L.
timothy
PHPR3
Cultivar: Nike

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Bunch
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.6
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.4
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 32
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 55
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -38
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1163200
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 12/08/2019 12:47 PM CST