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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Phalaris aquatica L.
bulbous canarygrass
PHAQ

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 4.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass Yes
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Dense   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.4
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 16
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 40
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 240   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 7
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 340800
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Phalaris aquatica L.
bulbous canarygrass
PHAQ
Cultivar: Perla

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 6.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass Yes
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Dense   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Yellow      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.7
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 18
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 40
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 280   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 7
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 340800
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 03/31/2020 03:22 PM CDT