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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Encelia farinosa A. Gray ex Torr.
brittlebush
ENFA

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SS, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), HI (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 1
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 5.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Short
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Rounded
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 7.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 7000
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 12000
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 5
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 10
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance None   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 365   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance High   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 27
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Winter   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Contracting Only   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 35000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 08/05/2020 09:04 AM CDT