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You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Cnicus benedictus L. Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly
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Cnicus benedictus L.
blessed thistle

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1964. Leaflets of Western Botany. ID Literature
1968. Castanea. MS Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. NB, NS, ON Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, and D. Meidinger. 1990. The vascular plants of British Columbia. Special Report Series 1-4. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria. WA Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
INVADERS database. OR Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin. TX Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
State Crop Pest Commission. Designation of plant pests (24 May 2006). State of South Carolina, South Carolina. Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
Wetter, M.A., T.S. Cochrane, M.R. Black, and H.H. Iltis. 1998. Checklist of the vascular plants of Wisconsin. Unpublished. WI Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
 
 
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