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Carduus tenuiflorus W. Curtis
winged plumeless thistle

Data Source

Last revised by:
John T. Kartesz, Biota of North America Program
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1940. MadroƱo. NJ Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Bickford, C. 1979. Vegetation and flora of the Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve, Monterey County, CA. Environmental Field Program Publication. University of California, Santa Cruz. CA Literature
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California. Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1993. Manual of the vascular plants of Caswell Memorial State Park, rev. 1997-1998. Unpublished. California State Parks & Recreation. CA Literature
INVADERS database. WA Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon. Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Simpson, C., J. Koenig, R. Love, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg, D. Wagner, and P. Warner. 2002. Vascular plants of Lane County, Oregon. Native Plant Society of Oregon. OR Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Sundberg, Scott. Personal communication. OR Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Time Generated: 04/19/2014 07:08 AM MDT