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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds with Scientific Name =M*
100 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Scientific Name
Common Name
Source Native Status*
MAMA28
 
Macaranga mappa
pengua
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MATA3
 
Macaranga tanarius
parasol leaf tree
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MAUN3
 
Macfadyena unguis-cati
claw vine
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MACA2
 
 
Machaeranthera canescens
hoary tansyaster
purple aster
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MAPIP4
HASP3
 
 
 
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Haplopappus spinulosus
cutleaf ironplant
ironplant
lacy tansyaster

NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MACO10
 
 
Macleaya cordata
plume-poppy
tree celandine
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
MASA
 
 
 
Madia sativa
Chilean tarweed
coast tarweed
tarweed
STATE, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
MAHON
 
Mahonia
barberry
STATE
 
MAAL4
 
Malachra alceifolia
malachra
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
MANE
 
 
 
 
Malva neglecta
buttonweed
cheeseplant
cheeseweed
common mallow
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MALE3
 
SIHE8
 
 
 
Malvella leprosa
alkali mallow
Sida hederacea
alkali mallow
alkali sida
dollar weed
STATE
 
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
MAOR3
 
 
Marah oreganus
coastal manroot
western wildcucumber
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MAPOP
 
Marchantia polymorpha ssp. polymorpha
liverwort
N'EAST
 
NA (N)
MAVU
 
 
Marrubium vulgare
horehound
white horehound
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MAQU
 
Marsilea quadrifolia
European waterclover
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
MADI6
MAMA11
 
 
Matricaria discoidea
Matricaria matricarioides
disc mayweed
pineappleweed

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I?), GL (I?), SPM (I?)
MELU
 
 
 
 
 
Medicago lupulina
black medic
hop clover
hop medic
nonesuch
yellow trefoil
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
(I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
MEPO3
 
 
Medicago polymorpha
California burclover
burclover
STATE
 
 
(I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MESA
 
Medicago sativa
alfalfa
SWSS
 
(I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
MECU6 Medinilla cummingii HEAR
MEMA20
 
Medinilla magnifica
showy medinilla
HEAR
 
MEVE3
 
Medinilla venosa
holdtight
STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
MEQU
 
 
 
 
 
Melaleuca quinquenervia
cajeput tree
melaleuca
niaouli
paperbark
punktree
US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MELAS
 
Melastoma
melastoma
STATE
 
MECA9
 
 
 
Melastoma candidum
Asian melastome
Indian rhododendron
Malabar melastome
HEAR
 
 
 
HI (I)
MEMA
 
Melastoma malabathricum
Malabar melastome
US, STATE
 
HI (I)
MESA3
 
Melastoma sanguineum
red melastome
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MEAZ
 
 
 
 
 
 
Melia azedarach
Chinaberry tree
Indian lilac
lelah
paraiso
pride of India
white cedar
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MEOF
 
MEAL12
 
Melilotus officinalis
yellow sweetclover
Melilotus alba
white sweetclover
NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS
 
KY, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI
 
(I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
MEMI2
 
 
Melinis minutiflora
molasses grass
puakatau
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MERE9
RHRE2
 
Melinis repens
Rhynchelytrum repens
Natal grass

FLEPPC
 
(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MECO4
 
Melochia corchorifolia
chocolateweed
SWSS
 
L48 (I)
MEUM3
 
Melochia umbellata
melochia
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MEAR4
 
 
Mentha arvensis
field mint
wild mint
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
MEPI
 
Mentha ×piperita
peppermint
SEEPPC
 
L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
MEPU
 
 
Mentha pulegium
pennyroyal
peppermint
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MESP3
 
Mentha spicata
spearmint
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MEDE2
 
 
 
 
Mentzelia decapetala
evening starflower
tenpetal blazingstar
tenpetal mentzelia
tenpetal stickleaf
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
METU2
 
 
Merremia tuberosa
Spanish arborvine
wood rose
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MECR3
 
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
ice plant
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
MICON
 
Miconia
miconia
STATE
 
MICA20
 
 
Miconia calvescens
miconia
velvet tree
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
MIST
EHST
 
Microlaena stipoides
Ehrharta stipoides
meadow ricegrass

HEAR
 
HI (I)
MIVI
 
 
 
 
Microstegium vimineum
Japanese grass
Japanese stiltgrass
Nepalese browntop
Nepalgrass
STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
MICO16
 
Mikania cordata
mile-a-minute
US, STATE
 
MIMI5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mikania micrantha
Chinese creeper
kwalo koburu
liane americaine
mile-a-minute
ovaova
wa mbosuvu
US, STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (N)
MISC
 
Mikania scandens
climbing hempweed
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
MIVE3
 
Milium vernale
milium
STATE
 
L48 (I)
MIDI8
 
MIIN80
 
 
Mimosa diplotricha
giant sensitiveplant
Mimosa invisa
giant false sensitive plant
giant sensitive plant
STATE
 
US, STATE
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
MIPE2
MIPI
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra
amourette
bashful plant
catclaw mimosa
dormilona
giant mimosa
thorny sensitive plant

US, STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
MINY
 
 
Mirabilis nyctaginea
heart-leaved four o'clock
wild four o'clock
STATE, NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MIFL3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Miscanthus floridulus
Japanese silvergrass
Pacific Island silvergrass
miscanthus
sawgrass
swordgrass
tupon nette
STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
MISI
 
 
 
Miscanthus sinensis
Chinese silvergrass
eulalia
zebra grass
SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
MIOR
ANOR2
 
 
Misopates orontium
Antirrhinum orontium
lesser snapdragon
linearleaf snapdragon

WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MOVE
 
 
Mollugo verticillata
carpetweed
green carpetweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
MOFI
 
Monarda fistulosa
wild bergamot
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MOPE
 
 
 
 
Monarda pectinata
horse mint
plains beebalm
pony beebalm
spotted beebalm
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
MOHA2
 
 
Monochoria hastata
arrowleaf falsepickerelweed
monochoria
US, STATE
 
 
MOVA
 
 
Monochoria vaginalis
heartshape false pickerelweed
pickerel weed
US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
MONU
 
 
 
 
 
Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's poverty weed
monolepis
patata
patota
povertyweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
MOHI
 
 
Montanoa hibiscifolia
montanoa
tree daisy
STATE, HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
MORAE
HOMER
 
Moraea
Homeria
Cape tulip

STATE
 
MOCO8
HOCO6
 
Moraea collina
Homeria collina
Cape tulip
US, STATE
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
MOFL2
HOFL4
 
Moraea flaccida
Homeria flaccida
Cape tulip
US, STATE
US, STATE
 
MOMI4
 
Moraea miniata
Cape tulip
US, STATE
 
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca US, STATE
MOPA8 Moraea pallida US, STATE
MOCE2
MYCE
 
Morella cerifera
Myrica cerifera
wax myrtle

HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
MOFA
MYFA
 
Morella faya
Myrica faya
firetree

STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
MOAL
 
 
Morus alba
mulberry
white mulberry
N'EAST, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MODI4
 
Mosla dianthera
miniature beefsteak
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
MUFR2
 
Muhlenbergia frondosa
wirestem muhly
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MURA
 
 
Muhlenbergia racemosa
green muhly
marsh muhly
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MUSC
 
Muhlenbergia schreberi
nimblewill
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MUKE
 
 
Murdannia keisak
Asian spiderwort
aneilima
STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
MUEX2
MUPA4
 
 
Murraya exotica
Murraya paniculata
Chinese box
orange-jessamine

FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MUBO
 
Muscari botryoides
grape hyacinth
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
MUCO2
 
Muscari comosum
tassel hyacinth
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
MUNE
MUAT
 
Muscari neglectum
Muscari atlanticum
common grape hyacinth

SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
MYLA5
 
Myoporum laetum
myoporum
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
MYSC
 
 
 
Myosotis scorpioides
forget-me-not
true forget-me-not
yelloweye forget-me-not
WI
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MYAQ2
 
 
Myriophyllum aquaticum
parrot feather
watermilfoil
STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MYHE2
 
Myriophyllum heterophyllum
variable-leaved milfoil
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MYSP2
 
 
 
Myriophyllum spicatum
Eurasian watermilfoil
myriophylle en epi
spiked water milfoil
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I? Probably Introduced
N Native

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
None
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon
NA North America

 

Time Generated: 10/25/2014 04:17 PM MDT