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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds with Scientific Name =M*
100 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Common Name
Scientific Name
Source Native Status*

MESA
alfalfa
Medicago sativa

SWSS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

MALE3
alkali mallow
Malvella leprosa

STATE

L48 (N)

MALE3
SIHE8
alkali mallow
Malvella leprosa
Sida hederacea

STATE
WSWS

L48 (N)

MALE3
SIHE8
alkali sida
Malvella leprosa
Sida hederacea

STATE
WSWS

L48 (N)

MIPE2
MIPI
amourette
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra


US, STATE, FLEPPC

L48 (N), PR (N)

MUKE
aneilima
Murdannia keisak

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I)

MOHA2
arrowleaf falsepickerelweed
Monochoria hastata

US, STATE


MECA9
Asian melastome
Melastoma candidum

HEAR

HI (I)

MUKE
Asian spiderwort
Murdannia keisak

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I)

MAHON
barberry
Mahonia

STATE


MIPE2
MIPI
bashful plant
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra


US, STATE, FLEPPC

L48 (N), PR (N)

MELU
black medic
Medicago lupulina

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MEPO3
burclover
Medicago polymorpha

STATE

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MANE
buttonweed
Malva neglecta

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MEQU
cajeput tree
Melaleuca quinquenervia

US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MEPO3
California burclover
Medicago polymorpha

STATE

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MOCO8
HOCO6
Cape tulip
Moraea collina
Homeria collina

US, STATE
US, STATE

L48 (I)

MOFL2
HOFL4
Cape tulip
Moraea flaccida
Homeria flaccida

US, STATE
US, STATE


MOMI4
Cape tulip
Moraea miniata

US, STATE


MORAE
HOMER
Cape tulip
Moraea
Homeria


STATE


MOVE
carpetweed
Mollugo verticillata

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)

MIPE2
MIPI
catclaw mimosa
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra


US, STATE, FLEPPC

L48 (N), PR (N)

MANE
cheeseplant
Malva neglecta

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MANE
cheeseweed
Malva neglecta

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MASA
Chilean tarweed
Madia sativa

STATE, WSWS

L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)

MEAZ
Chinaberry tree
Melia azedarach

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MUEX2
MUPA4
Chinese box
Murraya exotica
Murraya paniculata


FLEPPC

L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MIMI5
Chinese creeper
Mikania micrantha

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (N)

MISI
Chinese silvergrass
Miscanthus sinensis

SEEPPC

L48 (I), CAN (I)

MECO4
chocolateweed
Melochia corchorifolia

SWSS

L48 (I)

MAUN3
claw vine
Macfadyena unguis-cati

FLEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MISC
climbing hempweed
Mikania scandens

STATE

L48 (N), CAN (I)

MASA
coast tarweed
Madia sativa

STATE, WSWS

L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)

MAOR3
coastal manroot
Marah oreganus

WSWS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MUNE
MUAT
common grape hyacinth
Muscari neglectum
Muscari atlanticum


SEEPPC

L48 (I)

MANE
common mallow
Malva neglecta

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MAPIP4
HASP3
cutleaf ironplant
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Haplopappus spinulosus


NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MADI6
MAMA11
disc mayweed
Matricaria discoidea
Matricaria matricarioides


KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I?), GL (I?), SPM (I?)

MALE3
SIHE8
dollar weed
Malvella leprosa
Sida hederacea

STATE
WSWS

L48 (N)

MIPE2
MIPI
dormilona
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra


US, STATE, FLEPPC

L48 (N), PR (N)

MISI
eulalia
Miscanthus sinensis

SEEPPC

L48 (I), CAN (I)

MYSP2
Eurasian watermilfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)

MAQU
European waterclover
Marsilea quadrifolia

STATE

L48 (I), CAN (N)

MEDE2
evening starflower
Mentzelia decapetala

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEAR4
field mint
Mentha arvensis

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

MOFA
MYFA
firetree
Morella faya
Myrica faya


STATE, HEAR

HI (I)

MYSC
forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides

WI

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)

MIDI8

Mimosa diplotricha

STATE

HI (I), PR (I)

MIDI8
MIIN80
giant false sensitive plant
Mimosa diplotricha
Mimosa invisa

STATE
US, STATE

HI (I), PR (I)

MIPE2
MIPI
giant mimosa
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra


US, STATE, FLEPPC

L48 (N), PR (N)

MIDI8
MIIN80
giant sensitive plant
Mimosa diplotricha
Mimosa invisa

STATE
US, STATE

HI (I), PR (I)

MUBO
grape hyacinth
Muscari botryoides

SEEPPC

L48 (I), CAN (I)

MOVE
green carpetweed
Mollugo verticillata

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)

MURA
green muhly
Muhlenbergia racemosa

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MINY
heart-leaved four o'clock
Mirabilis nyctaginea

STATE, NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MOVA
heartshape false pickerelweed
Monochoria vaginalis

US, STATE

L48 (I), HI (I)

MACA2
hoary tansyaster
Machaeranthera canescens

WSWS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEVE3
holdtight
Medinilla venosa

STATE, HEAR

HI (I)

MELU
hop clover
Medicago lupulina

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MELU
hop medic
Medicago lupulina

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MAVU
horehound
Marrubium vulgare

WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MOPE
horse mint
Monarda pectinata

NE&GP

L48 (N)

MECR3
ice plant
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

Cal-IPC

L48 (I)

MEAZ
Indian lilac
Melia azedarach

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MECA9
Indian rhododendron
Melastoma candidum

HEAR

HI (I)

MAPIP4
HASP3
ironplant
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Haplopappus spinulosus


NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MIVI
Japanese grass
Microstegium vimineum

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I), PR (I)

MIFL3
Japanese silvergrass
Miscanthus floridulus

STATE

L48 (I)

MIVI
Japanese stiltgrass
Microstegium vimineum

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I), PR (I)

MIMI5
kwalo koburu
Mikania micrantha

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (N)

MAPIP4
HASP3
lacy tansyaster
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Haplopappus spinulosus


NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEAZ
lelah
Melia azedarach

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MIOR
ANOR2
lesser snapdragon
Misopates orontium
Antirrhinum orontium


WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MIMI5
liane americaine
Mikania micrantha

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (N)

MIOR
ANOR2
linearleaf snapdragon
Misopates orontium
Antirrhinum orontium


WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MAPOP
liverwort
Marchantia polymorpha ssp. polymorpha

N'EAST

NA (N)

MECA9
Malabar melastome
Melastoma candidum

HEAR

HI (I)

MEMA
Malabar melastome
Melastoma malabathricum

US, STATE

HI (I)

MAAL4
malachra
Malachra alceifolia

STATE

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

MURA
marsh muhly
Muhlenbergia racemosa

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MIST
EHST
meadow ricegrass
Microlaena stipoides
Ehrharta stipoides


HEAR

HI (I)

MEQU
melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia

US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MELAS
melastoma
Melastoma

STATE


MEUM3
melochia
Melochia umbellata

HEAR

HI (I)

MICA20
miconia
Miconia calvescens

HEAR

HI (I)

MICON
miconia
Miconia

STATE


MICO16
mile-a-minute
Mikania cordata

US, STATE


MIMI5
mile-a-minute
Mikania micrantha

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (N)

MIVE3
milium
Milium vernale

STATE

L48 (I)

MODI4
miniature beefsteak
Mosla dianthera

SEEPPC

L48 (I)

MIFL3
miscanthus
Miscanthus floridulus

STATE

L48 (I)

MEMI2
molasses grass
Melinis minutiflora

FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MOHA2
monochoria
Monochoria hastata

US, STATE


MONU
monolepis
Monolepis nuttalliana

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

MOHI
montanoa
Montanoa hibiscifolia

STATE, HEAR

HI (I)

MOAL
mulberry
Morus alba

N'EAST, WI

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MYLA5
myoporum
Myoporum laetum

Cal-IPC

L48 (I)

MYSP2
myriophylle en epi
Myriophyllum spicatum

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)

MERE9
RHRE2
Natal grass
Melinis repens
Rhynchelytrum repens


FLEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MIVI
Nepalese browntop
Microstegium vimineum

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I), PR (I)

MIVI
Nepalgrass
Microstegium vimineum

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I), PR (I)

MEQU
niaouli
Melaleuca quinquenervia

US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MUSC
nimblewill
Muhlenbergia schreberi

STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MELU
nonesuch
Medicago lupulina

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MONU
Nuttall's poverty weed
Monolepis nuttalliana

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

MUEX2
MUPA4
orange-jessamine
Murraya exotica
Murraya paniculata


FLEPPC

L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MIMI5
ovaova
Mikania micrantha

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (N)

MIFL3
Pacific Island silvergrass
Miscanthus floridulus

STATE

L48 (I)

MEQU
paperbark
Melaleuca quinquenervia

US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MEAZ
paraiso
Melia azedarach

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MATA3
parasol leaf tree
Macaranga tanarius

HEAR

HI (I)

MYAQ2
parrot feather
Myriophyllum aquaticum

STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MONU
patata
Monolepis nuttalliana

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

MONU
patota
Monolepis nuttalliana

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

MAMA28
pengua
Macaranga mappa

HEAR

HI (I)

MEPU
pennyroyal
Mentha pulegium

Cal-IPC

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MEPI
peppermint
Mentha ×piperita

SEEPPC

L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)

MEPU
peppermint
Mentha pulegium

Cal-IPC

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MOVA
pickerel weed
Monochoria vaginalis

US, STATE

L48 (I), HI (I)

MADI6
MAMA11
pineappleweed
Matricaria discoidea
Matricaria matricarioides


KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I?), GL (I?), SPM (I?)

MOPE
plains beebalm
Monarda pectinata

NE&GP

L48 (N)

MACO10
plume-poppy
Macleaya cordata

SEEPPC

L48 (I), CAN (I)

MOPE
pony beebalm
Monarda pectinata

NE&GP

L48 (N)

MONU
povertyweed
Monolepis nuttalliana

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

MEAZ
pride of India
Melia azedarach

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MEMI2
puakatau
Melinis minutiflora

FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MEQU
punktree
Melaleuca quinquenervia

US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

MACA2
purple aster
Machaeranthera canescens

WSWS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MESA3
red melastome
Melastoma sanguineum

HEAR

HI (I)

MIFL3
sawgrass
Miscanthus floridulus

STATE

L48 (I)

MEMA20
showy medinilla
Medinilla magnifica

HEAR


METU2
Spanish arborvine
Merremia tuberosa

FLEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MESP3
spearmint
Mentha spicata

SEEPPC

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MYSP2
spiked water milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)

MOPE
spotted beebalm
Monarda pectinata

NE&GP

L48 (N)

MIFL3
swordgrass
Miscanthus floridulus

STATE

L48 (I)

MASA
tarweed
Madia sativa

STATE, WSWS

L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)

MUCO2
tassel hyacinth
Muscari comosum

SEEPPC

L48 (I)

MEDE2
tenpetal blazingstar
Mentzelia decapetala

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEDE2
tenpetal mentzelia
Mentzelia decapetala

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEDE2
tenpetal stickleaf
Mentzelia decapetala

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MIPE2
MIPI
thorny sensitive plant
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra


US, STATE, FLEPPC

L48 (N), PR (N)

MACO10
tree celandine
Macleaya cordata

SEEPPC

L48 (I), CAN (I)

MOHI
tree daisy
Montanoa hibiscifolia

STATE, HEAR

HI (I)

MYSC
true forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides

WI

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)

MIFL3
tupon nette
Miscanthus floridulus

STATE

L48 (I)

MYHE2
variable-leaved milfoil
Myriophyllum heterophyllum

STATE

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MICA20
velvet tree
Miconia calvescens

HEAR

HI (I)

MIMI5
wa mbosuvu
Mikania micrantha

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (N)

MYAQ2
watermilfoil
Myriophyllum aquaticum

STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MOCE2
MYCE
wax myrtle
Morella cerifera
Myrica cerifera


HEAR

L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)

MAOR3
western wildcucumber
Marah oreganus

WSWS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEAZ
white cedar
Melia azedarach

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MAVU
white horehound
Marrubium vulgare

WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MOAL
white mulberry
Morus alba

N'EAST, WI

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

MEOF
MEAL12
white sweetclover
Melilotus officinalis
Melilotus alba

NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS
KY, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MOFI
wild bergamot
Monarda fistulosa

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MINY
wild four o'clock
Mirabilis nyctaginea

STATE, NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

MEAR4
wild mint
Mentha arvensis

NE&GP

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

MUFR2
wirestem muhly
Muhlenbergia frondosa

N'EAST, SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

METU2
wood rose
Merremia tuberosa

FLEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

MEOF
yellow sweetclover
Melilotus officinalis

NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MELU
yellow trefoil
Medicago lupulina

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

MYSC
yelloweye forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides

WI

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)

MISI
zebra grass
Miscanthus sinensis

SEEPPC

L48 (I), CAN (I)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I? Probably Introduced
N Native

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon
NA North America

 

Time Generated: 08/01/2014 06:04 AM MDT