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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds with Common Name =F*
142 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal, & J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe, & M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Scientific Name
Common Name
Source Native Status*
ACCO
 
 
Acacia confusa
Formosa acacia
Formosan koa
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
ADPA
 
Adenanthera pavonina
false wiliwili
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ALNE3
NOIN3
 
Allium neapolitanum
Nothoscordum inodorum
false garlic

STATE
 
L48 (I)
ALVI
 
Allium vineale
field garlic
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
AMAC2
 
Ambrosia acanthicarpa
flatspine burr ragweed
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMFR
 
Amorpha fruticosa
false indigo
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMMEI2
AMIN3
 
Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia
Amsinckia intermedia
fiddleneck
SWSS
WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I?), CAN (N)
APAN2
 
Apocynum androsaemifolium
flytrap dogbane
WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
ARCA12
 
Artemisia campestris
field sagewort
WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
ARDR4
 
Artemisia dracunculus
false tarragon
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), AK (I?), CAN (N)
ARFR4
 
 
Artemisia frigida
fringed sagebrush
fringed sagewort
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
AVFA
 
Avena fatua
flaxgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
AZPI
 
Azolla pinnata
feathered mosquitofern
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
BAHY
 
 
Bassia hyssopifolia
fivehook bassia
fivehorn smotherweed
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BASC5
KOSC
 
Bassia scoparia
Kochia scoparia
fireweed

STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BIPI
 
Bidens pilosa
fisi'uli
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
BRAR5
 
BRJA
Bromus arvensis
field brome
Bromus japonicus
SWSS
 
KY, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BREUE
KUEU
 
Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides
Kuhnia eupatorioides
falsebonset

NE&GP
 
L48 (N)
BRRA
 
Brassica rapa
field mustard
SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
BRRU2
 
Bromus rubens
foxtail brome
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
BRSY
 
Brachypodium sylvaticum
false brome
STATE
 
L48 (I)
BUUM
 
Butomus umbellatus
flowering rush
STATE, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACA
 
Cabomba caroliniana
fanwort
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CACI2
 
Calandrinia ciliata
fringed redmaids
FLEPPC, WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CAED3
 
Carpobrotus edulis
freeway iceplant
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
CAMI2
 
Camelina microcarpa
false flax
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEEC
 
Cenchrus echinatus
field sandbur
STATE, HEAR, SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CELO3
 
Cenchrus longispinus
field sandbur
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CESP4
CEIN4
 
Cenchrus spinifex
Cenchrus incertus
field sandbur

STATE, SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CHANA2
EPAN2
 
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Epilobium angustifolium
fireweed

SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
CHVI4
 
Chloris virgata
feather fingergrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
CIAR4
 
Cirsium arvense
field thistle
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CIDI
 
Cirsium discolor
field thistle
KY, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CIFL
 
Cirsium flodmanii
Flodman thistle
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CISP3
 
Citharexylum spinosum
fiddlewood
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
COAR4
 
Convolvulus arvensis
field bindweed
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
COBO
 
Conyza bonariensis
flaxleaved fleabane
WSWS
 
L48 (I)
COPA14
 
Cotoneaster pannosus
firethorn
Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
CUEP2
 
Cuscuta epilinum
flax dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CUPE3
 
 
Cuscuta pentagona
field dodder
fiveangled dodder
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
CUPEG
 
Cuscuta pentagona var. glabrior
field dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N)
CUPEP2
 
 
CUCA2
 
Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona
field dodder
fiveangled dodder
Cuscuta campestris
field dodder
N'EAST
 
 
N'EAST, WSWS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
CUPEP3
 
Cuscuta pentagona var. pubescens
field dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N)
CUSU
 
Cuscuta suaveolens
fringed dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
CUUM
 
Cuscuta umbellata
flatglobe dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CYOD
 
Cyperus odoratus
fragrant flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
CYXA2
IVXA
 
Cyclachaena xanthiifolia
Iva xanthifolia
false ragweed

NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
DEPE6
DEPE3
 
Deparia petersenii
Deparia petersonii
false spleenwort

HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
DESO2
 
Descurainia sophia
flixweed
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
DIAB
DISC5
 
Digitaria abyssinica
Digitaria scalarum
fingergrass

US, STATE
 
HI (I)
DICI
 
Digitaria ciliaris
fingergrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
DIFU2
 
DISY
 
Dipsacus fullonum
Fuller's teasel
Dipsacus sylvestris
Fuller's teasel
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
DYPA
 
Dyssodia papposa
fetid marigold
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ECPR
 
Eclipta prostrata
false daisy
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
EICR
 
Eichhornia crassipes
floating water hyacinth
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
EQAR
 
Equisetum arvense
field horsetail
N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N?), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)
ERCI6
 
Erodium cicutarium
filaree
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
EUCY
 
Euphorbia cyathophora
fire-on-the-mountain
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
FIAL4
 
Ficus altissima
false banyan
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
FICA
 
Ficus carica
fiku
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
FRAL4
RHFR
 
Frangula alnus
Rhamnus frangula
fen buckthorn
STATE
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
FRFL
 
Froelichia floridana
field snakecotton
NE&GP
 
L48 (N)
GAQU
 
GACI4
Galinsoga quadriradiata
fringed quickweed
Galinsoga ciliata
KY, NE&GP
 
N'EAST, SWSS
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
GEMO2
 
CYMO5
 
Genista monspessulana
French broom
Cytisus monspessulanus
French broom
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
HEAU
 
Helenium autumnale
false sunflower
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HICA10
HIPR
 
Hieracium caespitosum
Hieracium pratense
field hawkweed
STATE
STATE, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HITR
 
Hibiscus trionum
flower-of-an-hour
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HOJU
 
Hordeum jubatum
foxtail barley
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
HYMO6
 
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
frogbit
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYPE3
 
Hyptis pectinata
fausse menthe
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
HYRA3
 
 
Hypochaeris radicata
false dandelion
frogbit
STATE, HEAR, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HYVE3
 
Hydrilla verticillata
Florida elodea
US, STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
JUTE
 
Juncus tenuis
field rush
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
KIEL
 
Kickxia elatine
fluvellin
WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
KOEL
 
Koelreuteria elegans
flamegold
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
LAOC3
 
Lappula occidentalis
flatspine stickseed
NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LECA5
 
Lepidium campestre
field pepperweed
KY, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LICH3
 
Livistona chinensis
fountain palm
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
LIVU2
 
Linaria vulgaris
flaxweed
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LUPE5
 
Ludwigia peploides
floating primrose-willow
KY, SWSS
 
L48 (NI), PR (N)
MEAR4
 
Mentha arvensis
field mint
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
MOFA
MYFA
 
Morella faya
Myrica faya
firetree

STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
MYSC
 
Myosotis scorpioides
forget-me-not
WI
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
NECA2
 
Nepeta cataria
field balm
NE&GP
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
NYOD
 
Nymphaea odorata
fragrant water lily
STATE
 
L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
ONAL5
 
Ononis alopecuroides
foxtail restharrow
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
OPFR
 
Opuntia fragilis
fragile cactus
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PADI
 
Panicum dichotomiflorum
fall panicum
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (I)
PAFO2
 
Passiflora foetida
fetid passionflower
FLEPPC
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PALA10
 
Paspalum laeve
field paspalum
KY
 
L48 (N)
PAQU2
 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
fiveleaved ivy
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PEPO14
PEPO4
 
Pennisetum polystachion
Pennisetum polystachyon
feathery pennisetum

US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PESE3
 
Pennisetum setaceum
fountaingrass
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
POCU6
 
FAJA2
Polygonum cuspidatum
fleeceflower
Fallopia japonica
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
STATE
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
RAFI
 
Ranunculus ficaria
fig buttercup
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROPS
 
Robinia pseudoacacia
false acacia
Cal-IPC, N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
RUAC3
 
Rumex acetosella
field sorrel
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SCMO
 
Schinus molle
false pepper
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
SCTE
 
 
Schinus terebinthifolius
Florida holly
faux poivrier
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SEIT
 
 
Setaria italica
foxtail bristlegrass
foxtail-millet
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
SEMA15
 
Senecio madagascariensis
fireweed
STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
SOAR2
 
Sonchus arvensis
field sowthistle
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SODU
 
Solanum dulcamara
fellenwort
KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SOSE2
SOPT
 
Soliva sessilis
Soliva pterosperma
field burrweed
STATE
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SOTO4
 
Solanum torvum
fausse aubergine
US, STATE, FLEPPC, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SPCA2
 
 
Spathodea campanulata
fireball
fountain tree
HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
STFL4
 
Stachys floridana
Florida betony
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (N)
TACH2
 
Tamarix chinensis
five-stamen tamarisk
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
TAGA
 
Tamarix gallica
French tamarisk
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
TAOF
 
Taraxacum officinale
faceclock
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (NI), AK (NI), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (NI), GL (NI), SPM (I)
TEBI
 
Tetrazygia bicolor
Florida clover ash
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
TECA
 
Terminalia catappa
false kamani
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
THAR5
 
 
 
Thlaspi arvense
Frenchweed
fanweed
field pennycress
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
TRCA5
 
Trifolium campestre
field clover
KY
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TRSE6
SASE5
 
Triadica sebifera
Sapium sebiferum
Florida aspen

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
ULEU
 
Ulex europaeus
furze
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VEAG
 
Veronica agrestis
field speedwell
NE&GP
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
VETH
 
Verbascum thapsus
flannel plant
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VIAR
 
Viola arvensis
field violet
KY, N'EAST, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (W), GL (W), SPM (W)
VILA8
 
Vitis labrusca
fox grape
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
VIVU
 
Vitis vulpina
frost grape
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I? Probably Introduced
N Native
N? Probably Native
NI Native and Introduced
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon

 

Time Generated: 07/31/2014 09:34 AM MDT