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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds
1568 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Scientific Name
Common Name
Source Native Status*
ABES
 
Abelmoschus esculentus
okra
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ABPR3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abrus precatorius
crab's eye
jequerity
pois rouge
precatory bean
rosary pea
tento muido
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ABTH
 
 
 
 
Abutilon theophrasti
Indian mallow
butterprint
buttonweed
velvetleaf
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACAU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acacia auriculiformis
Darwin black wattle
Papuan wattle
auri
blackwattle
earleaf acacia
tuhkehn pweimau
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
ACCO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acacia confusa
Formosa acacia
Formosan koa
ianangi
pilampwoia
shoshigi
sosigi
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
HI (I)
ACFA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acacia farnesiana
Ellington curse
aroma
kandaroma
klu
popinac
sweet acacia
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ACME80
 
Acacia mearnsii
black wattle
STATE, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ACME
 
Acacia melanoxylon
Australian blackwood
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ACPA8
 
Acacia paradoxa
kangaroothorn
STATE
 
L48 (I)
ACPA81
 
Acacia parramattensis
South Wales wattle
HEAR
 
HI (I)
ACNO7
ACNO4
 
 
 
 
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Acaena novae-zelandica
biddy biddy
bidgee-widgee
pale biddy-biddy
pirri-pirri bur

STATE
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
ACPA14
 
Acaena pallida
pale biddy-biddy
STATE
 
L48 (I)
ACOS
 
 
Acalypha ostryifolia
hophornbeam copperleaf
pineland threeseed mercury
KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
ACVI
 
 
 
 
 
Acalypha virginica
Virgina threeseed mercury
Virginia copperleaf
mercuryweed
threeseeded mercury
wax balls
N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
ACHI
 
 
Acanthospermum hispidum
bristly starbur
hispid starburr
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
ACGI
 
Acer ginnala
Amur maple
WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACNE2
 
Acer negundo
box elder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ACPL
 
Acer platanoides
Norway maple
N'EAST, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACPS
 
Acer pseudoplatanus
sycamore maple
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACRU
 
Acer rubrum
red maple
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ACMI2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Achillea millefolium
bloodwort
carpenter's weed
common yarrow
hierba de las cortaduras
milfoil
plumajillo
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (NI), GL (N), SPM (NI)
ACMIO
ACLA5
 
Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis
Achillea lanulosa
western yarrow

WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)
ACBR5
 
 
STBR3
 
Achnatherum brachychaetum
needlegrass
punagrass
Stipa brachychaeta
punagrass
STATE
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
ACRE3
 
 
 
CERE6
 
 
Acroptilon repens
Russian knapweed
Turestan thistle
hardheads
Centaurea repens
Russian knapweed
hardheads
STATE
 
 
 
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ADPA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adenanthera pavonina
coral bean tree
false wiliwili
lopa
pomea
red bead tree
red sandlewood
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
AECY
 
 
Aegilops cylindrica
jointed goatgrass
jointgrass
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
AEGE
 
AEOV2
 
Aegilops geniculata
ovate goatgrass
Aegilops ovata
ovate goatgrass
WI
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
AETR
 
 
Aegilops triuncialis
barb goatgrass
barbed goatgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I)
AEGIN
 
Aeginetia
aeginetia
US, STATE
 
AEPO
 
Aegopodium podagraria
goutweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
AEIN
 
 
Aeschynomene indica
Indian jointvetch
kat sola
STATE, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
AERU
 
Aeschynomene rudis
rough jointvetch
STATE
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
AEVI3
 
 
Aeschynomene virginica
Virginia jointvetch
northern jointvetch
STATE, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
AGSI2
 
Agave sisalana
sisal
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
AGAD2
 
 
Ageratina adenophora
Mexican devil
crofton weed
US, STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
AGALA
EURU6
 
 
 
Ageratina altissima var. altissima
Eupatorium rugosum
richweed
snakeroot
white snakeroot

KY, NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AGRI2
 
 
Ageratina riparia
creeping croftonweed
mist flower
STATE
 
 
HI (I)
AGGI
 
 
 
 
Agrostemma githago
cockle
common corncockle
corn cockle
purple cockle
STATE, N'EAST, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
AGST2
 
 
 
 
Agrostis stolonifera
creeping bentgrass
redtop
redtop bent
seaside bentgrass
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
AIAL
 
Ailanthus altissima
tree-of-heaven
STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ALJU
 
 
Albizia julibrissin
mimosa
silk tree
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
ALLE
 
 
 
Albizia lebbeck
raom tree
soros-tree
woman's-tongue tree
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ALECT2
 
Alectra
alectra
US, STATE
 
ALMA12
 
ALCA
 
ALPS3
 
Alhagi maurorum
camelthorn
Alhagi camelorum
camelthorn
Alhagi pseudalhagi
camelthorn
STATE
 
STATE, WSWS
 
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
L48 (I)
ALPE4
 
Alliaria petiolata
garlic mustard
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ALLIU
 
Allium
wild onion, wild garlic
STATE
 
ALCA3
 
 
Allium canadense
meadow garlic
wild onion
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ALNE3
NOIN3
 
Allium neapolitanum
Nothoscordum inodorum
false garlic

STATE
 
L48 (I)
ALPA20
 
Allium paniculatum
wild onion
STATE
 
L48 (I)
ALTE
 
 
Allium textile
prairie onion
textile onion
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ALVI
 
 
Allium vineale
field garlic
wild garlic
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ALVIC3
 
Allium vineale ssp. compactum
wild garlic
STATE
 
L48 (I)
ALGL2
 
 
Alnus glutinosa
European black alder
black alder
SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ALCA4
 
Alopecurus carolinianus
Carolina foxtail
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ALMY
 
 
Alopecurus myosuroides
blackgrass
slender foxtail
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
ALMA16
 
Alstonia macrophylla
devil-tree
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ALTER2
 
Alternanthera
alligatorweed
STATE
 
ALPH
 
Alternanthera philoxeroides
alligator weed
STATE, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
ALPU3
 
 
Alternanthera pungens
creeping chaffweed
khakiweed
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ALSE4
 
Alternanthera sessilis
sessile joyweed
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ALAL3
 
 
Alyssum alyssoides
pale madwort
yellow alyssum
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
AMAL
 
 
 
Amaranthus albus
tumble pigweed
tumbleweed
white pigweed
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
AMBL
 
 
Amaranthus blitoides
mat amaranth
prostrate pigweed
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
AMHY
 
 
Amaranthus hybridus
slim amaranth
smooth pigweed
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
AMPA
 
 
Amaranthus palmeri
Palmer amaranth
carelessweed
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
AMPO2
 
Amaranthus powellii
Powell amaranth
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMRE
 
 
 
Amaranthus retroflexus
careless weed
redroot pigweed
rough pigweed
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
AMSP
 
 
Amaranthus spinosus
spiny amaranth
spiny amaranthus
KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
AMTU
 
 
AMRU
 
 
Amaranthus tuberculatus
roughfruit amaranth
tall waterhemp
Amaranthus rudis
common waterhemp
tall amaranth
SWSS
 
 
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMVI
AMGR10
 
Amaranthus viridis
Amaranthus gracilis
slender amaranth

SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), VI (N)
AMAC2
 
 
Ambrosia acanthicarpa
annual bursage
flatspine burr ragweed
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMAR2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Roman wormwood
annual ragweed
common ragweed
low ragweed
short ragweed
small ragweed
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), CAN (N)
AMARE
AMEL2
 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior
Ambrosia elatior
ragweed

STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (N)
AMGR5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ambrosia grayi
bur ragweed
lagoonweed
woollyleaf burr ragweed
woollyleaf bursage
woollyleaf franseria
woollyleaf povertyweed
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
AMPS
 
 
 
Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman ragweed
perennial ragweed
western ragweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMTO3
 
FRDI3
 
Ambrosia tomentosa
skeletonleaf bursage
Franseria discolor
skeletonleaf bursage
STATE, WSWS
 
STATE
 
L48 (N)
AMTR
 
 
 
Ambrosia trifida
giant ragweed
great ragweed
horseweed
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMCO
 
 
Ammannia coccinea
purple ammannia
valley redstem
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
AMAR4
 
Ammophila arenaria
European beachgrass
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
AMFR
 
 
Amorpha fruticosa
false indigo
indigobush
STATE
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMAR5
 
Ampelopsis arborea
peppervine
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
AMBR7
 
 
 
 
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Amur peppervine
creeper
porcelainberry
wild grape
WI
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
AMDR
GUDR2
 
Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Gutierrezia dracunculoides
prairie broomweed

SWSS
 
L48 (N)
AMMEI2
 
 
AMIN3
 
 
 
Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia
coast buckthorn
coast fiddleneck
Amsinckia intermedia
coast fiddleneck
common fiddleneck
fiddleneck
SWSS
 
 
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I?), CAN (N)
ANAR
 
Anagallis arvensis
scarlet pimpernel
KY, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (NI), GL (I)
ANAR16
 
 
Anchusa arvensis
annual bugloss
bugloss
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ANOF
 
 
Anchusa officinalis
bugloss
common bugloss
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ANBI
 
Andropogon bicornis
West Indian foxtail
STATE
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
ANGE
 
 
 
Andropogon gerardii
big bluestem
bluejoint
turkeyfoot
SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ANVI2
 
 
Andropogon virginicus
broomsedge
yellow bluestem
STATE, HEAR, KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
ANHU
 
Anemone hupehensis
Japanese thimbleweed
HEAR
 
HI (I)
ANEV
 
 
Angiopteris evecta
Madagascar tree fern
mule's foot
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
ANCR2
 
Anoda cristata
spurred anoda
STATE, KY, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
ANCO6
 
Anredera cordifolia
Madeira vine
STATE, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ANVE2
ANLE6
 
 
Anredera vesicaria
Anredera leptostachys
Madiera vine
Texas madieravine

FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (N), PR (I), VI (N)
ANAR6
 
 
 
Anthemis arvensis
corn chamomile
mayweed
scentless chamomile
STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ANCO2
 
 
 
 
Anthemis cotula
dog fennel
mayweed
mayweed chamomile
stinkweed
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ANSY
 
 
 
 
Anthriscus sylvestris
bur chervil
cow parsley
keck
wild chervil
STATE, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ANLE4
 
 
 
 
 
Antigonon leptopus
Mexican coral vine
Mexican creeper
confederate vine
coral vine
queen's wreath
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
APAN2
 
 
 
Apocynum androsaemifolium
bitterroot
flytrap dogbane
spreading dogbane
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
APCA
 
 
 
 
Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp
common dogbane
dogbane
hemp dogbane
KY, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ARTH
 
 
Arabidopsis thaliana
mouse-ear cress
mouseear cress
KY
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
ARSE8
 
 
Araujia sericifera
bladderflower
moth plant
STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
ARAL
 
Archontophoenix alexandrae
Alexandra palm
HEAR
 
HI (I)
ARMI2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arctium minus
bardane
beggar's button
common burdock
lesser burdock
wild burdock
wild rhubarb
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
ARCA45
 
 
Arctotheca calendula
Cape weed
Capeweed
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I)
ARCR80
 
Ardisia crenata
coral ardisia
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
AREL4
 
Ardisia elliptica
shoebutton ardisia
STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ARME4
 
Argemone mexicana
Mexican pricklypoppy
HEAR, SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (W)
ARPO2
 
 
 
Argemone polyanthemos
annual pricklepoppy
bluestem pricklepoppy
thistle poppy
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
AROL
 
Aristida oligantha
prairie threeawn
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ARPU9
 
 
Aristida purpurea
purple threeawn
red threeawn
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
AREL10
ARLI5
 
 
 
Aristolochia elegans
Aristolochia littoralis
Dutchman's pipe
calico flower
pelican flower

FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ARELB
 
 
Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum
tall oatgrass
tuber oatgrass
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
ARAB3
 
Artemisia absinthium
absinth wormwood
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ARAN3
 
Artemisia annua
annual wormwood
KY
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ARBI2
 
Artemisia biennis
biennial wormwood
NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (I)
ARCA12
 
 
Artemisia campestris
common sagewort
field sagewort
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
ARCA13
 
Artemisia cana
silver sagebrush
WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
ARDR4
 
 
 
 
Artemisia dracunculus
false tarragon
green sagewort
silky wormwood
tarragon
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I?), CAN (N)
ARFI2
 
 
 
Artemisia filifolia
sand sagebrush
sandhill sage
silvery wormwood
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
ARFR4
 
 
 
Artemisia frigida
fringed sagebrush
fringed sagewort
prairie sagewort
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
ARLU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artemisia ludoviciana
Louisiana wormwood
cudweed sagewort
gray sagewort
mugwort wormwood
prairie sage
white sagebrush
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
ARTR2
 
Artemisia tridentata
big sagebrush
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ARVU
 
Artemisia vulgaris
mugwort
N'EAST, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ARHI3
 
Arthraxon hispidus
hairy jointgrass
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ARCI2
 
Arthrostemma ciliatum
pinkfringe
HEAR
 
HI (I)
ARDO4
 
 
Arundo donax
elephant grass
giant reed
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ASFA
 
 
Asclepias fascicularis
Mexican whorled milkweed
narrowleaf milkweed
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
ASIN
 
 
Asclepias incarnata
rose milkweed
swamp milkweed
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ASLA
 
 
 
Asclepias labriformis
Jones milkweed
Utah milkweed
labriform milkweed
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
ASPH2
 
Asclepias physocarpa
balloonplant
HEAR
 
HI (I)
ASSP
 
Asclepias speciosa
showy milkweed
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ASSU2
 
 
 
 
Asclepias subverticillata
horsetail milkweed
poison milkweed
western whorled milkweed
whorled milkweed
WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
ASSY
 
Asclepias syriaca
common milkweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ASVE
 
 
Asclepias verticillata
eastern whorled milkweed
whorled milkweed
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ASDE12
 
 
 
Asparagus densiflorus
Sprenger asparagus
asparagus fern
bushy asparagus
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ASFI2
 
 
Asphodelus fistulosus
onionweed
pink asphodel
US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
ASBI2
 
Astragalus bisulcatus
twogrooved milkvetch
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ASMI10
 
Astragalus missouriensis
Missouri milkvetch
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ASMO7
 
 
 
 
Astragalus mollissimus
purple locoweed
woolly loco
woolly locoweed
woolly milkvetch
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
ASGA2
 
 
 
 
Asystasia gangetica
Chinese violet
Ganges primrose
Philippine violet
coromandel
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ATSE
 
Atriplex semibaccata
Australian saltbush
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ATSU2
 
 
 
 
 
Atriplex subspicata
halberdleaf orach
orach saltbush
saline saltbush
spearscale
spreading orach
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
AVBA
 
 
Avena barbata
slender oat
slender wildoat
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
AVFA
 
 
 
 
Avena fatua
flaxgrass
oatgrass
wheat oats
wild oats
STATE, Cal-IPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
AVSA
 
Avena sativa
wild oats
SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), GL (W), SPM (W)
AVST
 
Avena sterilis
animated oat
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
AXFI
 
 
 
 
 
Axonopus fissifolius
Louisiana grass
carpetgrass
common carpetgrass
mat grass
narrowleaved carpetgrass
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
AZPI
 
 
 
Azolla pinnata
feathered mosquitofern
mosquito fern
water velvet
US, STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I)
BARO
 
Bacopa rotundifolia
disc waterhyssop
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
BAOR
 
 
Barbarea orthoceras
American yellowrocket
wintercress
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
BAVU
 
 
 
Barbarea vulgaris
garden yellow rocket
winter cress
yellow rocket
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
BAHY
 
 
 
Bassia hyssopifolia
fivehook bassia
fivehorn smotherweed
smother weed
Cal-IPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BASC5
KOSC
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bassia scoparia
Kochia scoparia
Mexican burningbush
Mexican fireweed
fireweed
kochia
mock cypress
summer cypress

STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BAVA
 
 
 
Bauhinia variegata
butterfly tree
orchid tree
purple orchid tree
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
BECU
 
Begonia cucullata
clubed begonia
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
BETR
 
Bellardia trixago
bellardia
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
BEPE2
 
 
 
Bellis perennis
English daisy
European daisy
lawn daisy
N'EAST, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BERBE
 
Berberis
barberry
STATE
 
BETH
 
Berberis thunbergii
Japanese barberry
SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BEVU
 
 
 
 
Berberis vulgaris
common barberry
epine-vinette
epine-vinette commune
vinetteier
STATE, WI
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BEIN2
 
 
Berteroa incana
hoary alyssum
hoary false alyssum
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
BIAL
 
Bidens alba
romerillo
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I)
BIAR
 
 
Bidens aristosa
long-bracted beggar-ticks
tickseed sunflower
KY
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
BIBI7
 
Bidens bipinnata
Spanish needles
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
BICE
 
 
 
 
Bidens cernua
bur marigold
nodding beggarticks
nodding bur marigold
sticktight
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N)
BICY
 
Bidens cynapiifolia
West Indian beggarticks
HEAR
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
BIFR
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bidens frondosa
bur marigold
devil's beggarticks
devil's bootjack
pitchfork weed
sticktights
tickseed sunflower
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (I)
BIPI
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bidens pilosa
Spanish needle
beggar's tick
cobbler's pegs
fisi'uli
kofe tonga
matakaro
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
BIJA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bischofia javanica
Javanese bishopweed
bischofia
bishopwood
koka
tongotongo
toog
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
BOFR2
 
 
 
 
Bocconia frutescens
boconnia
plume poppy
sea oxeye daisy
tree poppy
STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (N)
BODA2
BUDA
 
Bouteloua dactyloides
Buchloe dactyloides
buffalograss

SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
BRDI2
 
Brachypodium distachyon
purple false brome
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
BRSY
 
Brachypodium sylvaticum
false brome
STATE
 
L48 (I)
BRASS2
 
Brassica
mustard
STATE
 
BRJU
 
Brassica juncea
Indian mustard
NE&GP
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
BRNI
 
 
Brassica nigra
black mustard
shortpod mustard
Cal-IPC, HEAR, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRRA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brassica rapa
bird's rape
birdsrape mustard
field mustard
wild mustard
wild rutabaga
wild turnip
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
BRTO
 
 
 
Brassica tournefortii
African mustard
Asian mustard
wild turnip
Cal-IPC
 
 
 
L48 (I)
BREUE
KUEU
 
Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides
Kuhnia eupatorioides
falsebonset

NE&GP
 
L48 (N)
BRAR5
 
BRJA
 
 
Bromus arvensis
field brome
Bromus japonicus
Japanese bromegrass
Japanese chess
SWSS
 
KY, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BRCA5
 
 
Bromus carinatus
California brome
mountain brome
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N)
BRCA6
 
 
Bromus catharticus
rescue brome
rescue grass
SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRDI3
 
Bromus diandrus
ripgut brome
Cal-IPC, SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRDIR
BRRI8
 
Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus
Bromus rigidus
ripgut brome

WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRHO2
 
 
Bromus hordeaceus
soft brome
soft chess
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
BRHOH
BRMO2
 
 
 
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Bromus mollis
soft brome
soft cheat
soft chess

SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
BRIN2
 
 
 
Bromus inermis
Hungarian bromegrass
awnless brome
smooth brome
NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (NI), CAN (NI), GL (I), SPM (I)
BRRA2
BRCO4
 
 
Bromus racemosus
Bromus commutatus
hairy chess
meadow brome

STATE, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
BRRU2
 
 
Bromus rubens
foxtail brome
red brome
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
BRSE
 
 
 
 
Bromus secalinus
bromegrass
cheat
chess
rye brome
STATE, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRST2
 
 
 
Bromus sterilis
barren bromegrass
poverty brome
sterile brome
SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRTE
 
 
 
 
 
Bromus tectorum
cheatgrass
downy brome
early chess
military grass
thatch bromegrass
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, HEAR, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
BRPA4
 
 
Broussonetia papyrifera
paper mulberry
wauke
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
BRSE11
BRGY
 
Bruguiera sexangula
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
oriental mangrove

HEAR
 
HI (I)
BROV4
 
 
Brunnichia ovata
American buckwheat vine
redvine
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
BRAL4
 
Bryonia alba
white bryony
STATE
 
L48 (I)
BRAR71
 
 
 
Bryum argenteum
silver thread moss
silvergreen bryum moss
silvery bryum
N'EAST
 
 
 
NA (N)
BUDA2
 
Buddleja davidii
butterfly bush
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
BUAR3
 
LIAR4
 
 
Buglossoides arvensis
corn gromwell
Lithospermum arvense
corn gromwell
puccoon
SEEPPC
 
KY, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
BURO
 
Bupleurum rotundifolium
hound's-ear
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (GP)
BUUM
 
Butomus umbellatus
flowering rush
STATE, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACA
 
Cabomba caroliniana
fanwort
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CADE15
 
 
 
 
 
Caesalpinia decapetala
Mauritius thorn
Mysore thorn
cats claw
shoofly
wait-a-bit
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
CACI2
 
 
 
Calandrinia ciliata
desert rockpurslane
fringed redmaids
redmaids
FLEPPC, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CAIN2
 
 
Callirhoe involucrata
low poppymallow
purple poppymallow
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N)
CAST
 
Callitriche stagnalis
pond water-starwort
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CAAN22
 
 
 
Calophyllum antillanum
Alexandrian laurel
Santa Maria
mast wood
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CASE13
 
 
 
 
 
 
Calystegia sepium
bearbind
devil's guts
hedge bindweed
hedgebell
old man's night cap
wild morning glory
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
CASES
COSE14
 
Calystegia sepium ssp. sepium
Convolvulus sepium
hedge false bindweed

STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I)
CAMI2
 
 
 
 
 
Camelina microcarpa
false flax
littlepod false flax
littleseed falseflax
small fruited falseflax
smallseed falseflax
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CARA
 
 
 
Campanula rapunculoides
creeping bellflower
rapion bellflower
rover bellflower
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
CARA2
 
 
Campsis radicans
cow-itch
trumpet creeper
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CASA3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cannabis sativa
Mary Jane
grass
hashish
hemp
marijuana
pot
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
CAPA11
 
 
Caperonia palustris
Texasweed
sacatrapo
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), PR (N), VI (I)
CABU2
 
Capsella bursa-pastoris
shepardspurse
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CAHI3
 
Cardamine hirsuta
hairy bittercress
KY, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CAIM
 
Cardamine impatiens
narrowleaf bittercress
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAPA12
 
 
Cardamine parviflora
sand bittercress
smallflowered bittercress
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CACH42
CACH10
 
 
 
 
 
Cardaria chalepensis
Cardaria chalapensis
hoary cress
lens-podded hoary whitetop
peppergrass
whitetop
whiteweed

STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CADR
 
 
 
 
 
LEDR
 
Cardaria draba
globed-podded hoarycress
hoary cress
peppergrass
whitetop
whiteweed
Lepidium draba
hoary cress
STATE, Cal-IPC, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAPU6
 
 
Cardaria pubescens
hairy whitetop
whitetop
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAHA13
 
 
Cardiospermum halicacabum
balloonvine
love in a puff
STATE, KY, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CARDU
 
Carduus
thistle
STATE
 
CAAC
 
 
Carduus acanthoides
plumeless thistle
spiny plumeless thistle
STATE, NE&GP, WI, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACR2
 
 
Carduus crispus
curled thistle
welted thistle
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CANU4
 
 
 
 
 
Carduus nutans
chardon penche
musk thistle
nodding plumeless thistle
nodding thistle
plumeless thistle
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAPY2
 
 
Carduus pycnocephalus
Italian thistle
compact-headed thistle
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
CATE2
 
 
 
 
Carduus tenuiflorus
Italian thistle
slender-flowered thisle
winged plumeless thistle
winged thistle
STATE
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
CAKO2
 
Carex kobomugi
Japanese sedge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
CAED3
 
 
Carpobrotus edulis
Hottentot fig
freeway iceplant
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I)
CALA20
 
 
 
Carthamus lanatus
distaff thistle
saffron thistle
woolly distaff thistle
STATE, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CALAC3
CABA5
 
Carthamus lanatus ssp. creticus
Carthamus baeticus
smooth distaff thistle

STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CALE52
 
 
Carthamus leucocaulos
distaff thistle
glaucous star thistle
STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
CAOX6
CAOX2
 
Carthamus oxyacanthus
Carthamus oxyacantha
wild safflower

US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
CACA19
 
 
Carum carvi
caraway
wild caraway
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CAEL5
 
 
 
Castilla elastica
Mexican rubber tree
Panama rubber tree
puluvao
FLEPPC
 
 
 
PR (I)
CASUA
 
Casuarina
Australian pine
STATE
 
CAEQ
 
 
 
Casuarina equisetifolia
Australian pine
beach sheoak
common ironwood
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CAGL11
 
 
 
 
Casuarina glauca
gray sheoak
longleaf ironwood
saltmarsh ironwood
swamp oak
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
CATA5
 
Caulerpa taxifolia
killer algae
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
CEOB
 
 
Cecropia obtusifolia
guarumo
trumpet tree
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
CEOR7
 
 
Celastrus orbiculatus
Asiatic bittersweet
Oriental bittersweet
STATE, N'EAST, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEEC
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cenchrus echinatus
burgrass
common sandbur
field sandbur
konpeito-gusa
se mbulabula
vao tui tui
STATE, HEAR, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CELO3
 
 
 
 
Cenchrus longispinus
burgrass
field sandbur
longspine sandbur
mat sandbur
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CESP4
CEIN4
 
 
 
 
 
Cenchrus spinifex
Cenchrus incertus
coast sandspur
field sandbur
sandbur
southern sandbur
spiny burrgrass

STATE, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CECA2
 
Centaurea calcitrapa
purple starthistle
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CECY2
 
 
 
Centaurea cyanus
bachelor's button
cornflower
garden cornflower
SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
CEDI3
 
Centaurea diffusa
diffuse knapweed
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEIB
 
Centaurea iberica
Iberian star thistle
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I)
CEJA
 
Centaurea jacea
brown knapweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
CEMA9
 
 
Centaurea macrocephala
big yellow centaurea
big-headed knapweed
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEME2
 
 
 
 
Centaurea melitensis
Malta starthistle
Maltese star thistle
spotted knapweed
tocalote
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CENI2
 
Centaurea nigra
black knapweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CENI3
 
CEPR2
 
Centaurea nigrescens
short-fringed knapweed
Centaurea pratensis
meadow knapweed
STATE
 
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CESO3
 
Centaurea solstitialis
yellow starthistle
STATE, Cal-IPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CESTM
CEBI2
 
CEMA4
 
Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos
Centaurea biebersteinii
spotted knapweed
Centaurea maculosa
spotted knapweed

STATE
 
STATE, Cal-IPC, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CESU
 
Centaurea sulphurea
sulphur knapweed
STATE
 
L48 (I)
CEVI
 
Centaurea virgata
squarrose knapweed
STATE
 
L48 (I)
CEVIS2
CESQ
 
CEVIS
 
Centaurea virgata ssp. squarrosa
Centaurea squarrosa
squarrose knapweed
Centaurea virgata var. squarrosa
squarrose knapweed

STATE
 
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I)
CEPUP6
HEPU5
 
Centromadia pungens ssp. pungens
Hemizonia pungens
spikeweed

STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (N)
CEFO2
 
Cerastium fontanum
mouse-ear chickweed
KY
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I?), SPM (I)
CEFOV2
CEVU
 
 
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
Cerastium vulgatum
big chickweed
mouseear chickweed

N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CETE5
RATE
 
 
 
 
Ceratocephala testiculata
Ranunculus testiculatus
bur buttercup
curveseed butterwort
little bur
testiculate buttercup

NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEHI3
CEUR
 
 
 
Cereus hildmannianus
Cereus uruguayanus
Peruvian apple
Peruvian torch
spine tree cactus

STATE
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
CEDI6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cestrum diurnum
day cestrum
day jasmine
inkberry
tentanchinu
thauthau
tintan china
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I?), VI (I)
CENO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cestrum nocturnum
dama-de-noche
iki he po
night cestrum
night jasmine
queen of the night
thauthau ni mbongi
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CHMI
 
Chaenorhinum minus
dwarf snapdragon
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CHFAF
CAFA
 
 
 
Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Cassia fasciculata
partridge pea
showy partridgepea
sleepingplant

KY, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
CHGL13
EUGL3
 
 
Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Euphorbia glyptosperma
ribseed sandmat
ridgeseed spurge

WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CHHU3
EUHU
 
 
Chamaesyce humistrata
Euphorbia humistrata
spreading sandmat
spreading spurge

SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
CHHY3
EUHY2
 
Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Euphorbia hyssopifolia
hyssopleaf sandmat

SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CHMA15
EUMA7
 
 
 
 
Chamaesyce maculata
Euphorbia maculata
milk purslane
prostrate spurge
spotted sandmat
spotted spurge

N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
CHNU9
 
EUNU
 
Chamaesyce nutans
nodding spurge
Euphorbia nutans
eyebane
KY
 
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
CHANA2
EPAN2
 
 
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Epilobium angustifolium
blooming sally
fireweed

SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
CHAL7
 
 
 
Chenopodium album
common lambsquarters
lambsquarters
white goosefoot
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (NI), GL (I), SPM (I)
CHBE4
 
 
Chenopodium berlandieri
netseed lambsquarters
pitseed goosefoot
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (NI?)
CHLE4
 
 
Chenopodium leptophyllum
narrowleaf goosefoot
slimleaf lambsquarters
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N)
CHMU2
 
Chenopodium murale
nettleleaf goosefoot
WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
CHSI2
CHGI2
 
Chenopodium simplex
Chenopodium gigantospermum
mapleleaf goosefoot

NE&GP
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N)
CHVE2
 
 
Chloris verticillata
tumble windmill grass
windmillgrass
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N)
CHVI4
 
Chloris virgata
feather fingergrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
CHJU
 
Chondrilla juncea
rush skeletonweed
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CHTE2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chorispora tenella
beanpodded mustard
blue mustard
chorispora
crossflower
purple mustard
tenella mustard
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
CHOD
 
Chromolaena odorata
Siamweed
STATE
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (I)
CHCA10
 
Chrysophyllum cainito
star apple
HEAR
 
PR (N), VI (I)
CHME10
 
Chrysophyllum mexicanum
caimitillo
HEAR
 
CHOL
 
Chrysophyllum oliviforme
satinleaf
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
CHAC
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chrysopogon aciculatus
Mackie's pest
golden beardgrass
inifuk
matapekepeke
pilipiliula
seed grass
US, STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
HI (I)
CHVI8
 
 
 
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
Douglas rabbitbrush
green rabbitbrush
yellow rabbitbrush
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CIIN
 
 
 
 
Cichorium intybus
blue sailors
chicory
coffeeweed
succory
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CIDO
 
 
Cicuta douglasii
water hemlock
western water hemlock
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
CIMA2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cicuta maculata
common water hemlock
poison parsnip
spotted cowbane
spotted parsley
spotted water hemlock
water hemlock
STATE, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
CIPU
 
Cinchona pubescens
quinine tree
HEAR
 
HI (I)
CIBU2
 
 
Cinnamomum burmannii
Malaysian cinnamon
padang cassia
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
CICA
 
 
Cinnamomum camphora
camphor laurel
camphor tree
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CIRSI
 
Cirsium
thistle
STATE
 
CIAL2
 
 
Cirsium altissimum
roadside thistle
tall thistle
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N)
CIAR4
 
 
 
 
Cirsium arvense
Californian thistle
Canada thistle
creeping thistle
field thistle
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CICA11
 
 
Cirsium canescens
Platte thistle
prairie thistle
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
CIDI
 
Cirsium discolor
field thistle
KY, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CIFL
 
Cirsium flodmanii
Flodman thistle
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CIFO
 
 
 
 
Cirsium foliosum
Drummond's thistle
elk thistle
leafy thistle
meadow thistle
WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
CIHO2
 
Cirsium horridulum
yellow thistle
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
CIJA2
 
Cirsium japonicum
Japanese thistle
STATE
 
CIOC2
 
Cirsium ochrocentrum
yellowspine thistle
STATE, NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N)
CIUN
 
 
Cirsium undulatum
gray thistle
wavyleaf thistle
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CIVU
 
 
 
CILA8
 
Cirsium vulgare
bull thistle
common thistle
spear thistle
Cirsium lanceolatum
bull thistle
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CICA8
 
Citharexylum caudatum
juniper berry
HEAR
 
HI (I), PR (N)
CISP3
 
Citharexylum spinosum
fiddlewood
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CILAL
 
Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus
wild watermelon
SWSS
 
L48 (I), VI (I)
CIREU
 
Citrus reticulata ssp. unshiu
Unshu orange
STATE
 
CLPEP
MOPE3
 
Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata
Montia perfoliata
miner's lettuce

WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (I?), CAN (N)
CLOR
 
Clematis orientalis
Chinese clematis
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CLTE4
 
 
Clematis terniflora
leatherleaf clematis
yam-leaved clematis
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CLVI5
 
 
Clematis virginiana
devil's darning needles
virgin's bower
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CLVI6
 
Clematis vitalba
old man's
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CLGY
 
 
Cleome gynandra
spiderflower
spiderwisp
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CLSE
 
 
Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain beeplant
bee spiderflower
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CLBU
 
 
Clerodendrum bungei
rose glorybower
strong-scented glorybower
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
CLCH4
CLPH
 
Clerodendrum chinense
Clerodendrum philippinum
stickbush

HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CLMA24
 
Clerodendrum macrostegium
velvetleaf glorybower
HEAR
 
HI (I)
CLHI3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clidemia hirta
Koster's curse
kaurasiga
kui
mbona na mbulamakau
roinisinga
soap bush
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CLHIH2
 
Clidemia hirta var. hirta
Koster's curse
STATE
 
L48 (N)
CLRO
 
Clusia rosea
scotch attorney
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CNBE
 
Cnicus benedictus
blessed thistle
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
COGR9
 
 
Coccinia grandis
ivy gourd
scarlet-fruited gourd
STATE, HEAR, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), VI (I)
COCA
 
 
Cocculus carolinus
Carolina coralbead
redberry moonseed
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
COES
 
Colocasia esculenta
wild taro
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
COAS3
 
 
 
Colubrina asiatica
Asian nakedwood
Asian snakewood
hoop with
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
COBE2
 
Commelina benghalensis
benghal dayflower
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
COCO3
 
Commelina communis
Asiatic dayflower
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CODI5
 
 
Commelina diffusa
climbing dayflower
spreading dayflower
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
COPU18
 
 
Conicosia pugioniformis
narrow-leaved iceplant
roundleaf iceplant
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I)
COMA2
 
 
 
 
 
Conium maculatum
cigue maculee
cigue tachetee
deadly hemlock
poison hemlock
poison parsley
STATE, Cal-IPC, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
COCO13
EUCO6
 
Conoclinium coelestinum
Eupatorium coelestinum
blue mistflower

KY
 
L48 (N), CAN (I?)
COMA7
 
 
Convallaria majalis
European lily of the valley
lily-of-the-valley
WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
COAR4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Convolvulus arvensis
European bindweed
creeping jenny
field bindweed
morningglory
perennial morningglory
smallflowered morning glory
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
COBO
 
 
 
Conyza bonariensis
asthmaweed
flaxleaved fleabane
hairy fleabane
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I)
COCA5
 
 
 
Conyza canadensis
horseweed
horseweed fleabane
mares tail
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
COTI3
 
 
Coreopsis tinctoria
golden tickseed
plains coreopsis
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (W), CAN (N)
CODI6
 
Coronopus didymus
lesser swinecress
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
COSQ
 
 
Coronopus squamatus
creeping wartcress
swinecress
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
COJU2
 
 
 
 
Cortaderia jubata
Andean pampas grass
pampasgrass
purple pampasgrass
selloa pampasgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
COSE4
 
 
 
Cortaderia selloana
Uruguayan pampasgrass
pampas grass
silver pampas grass
Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I)
COLA6
 
 
Corynocarpus laevigatus
New Zealand laurel
karakaranut
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
COBI2
 
Cosmos bipinnatus
cosmos
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
COSU5
 
Cosmos sulphureus
cosmos
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
COLA18
 
Cotoneaster lacteus
milkflower cotoneaster
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
COPA14
 
 
Cotoneaster pannosus
firethorn
silverleaf cotoneaster
Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
CRHE5
 
Crassula helmsii
swamp stonecrop
STATE
 
CRMO3
 
Crataegus monogyna
singleseed hawthorn
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
CRSE2
 
 
Crepis setosa
bristly hawksbeard
rough hawksbeard
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
CROTA
 
Crotalaria
crotalaria
STATE
 
CRSP2
 
Crotalaria spectabilis
showy rattlebox
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CRCA6
 
 
 
Croton capitatus
doveweed
hogweed
woolly croton
SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
CRGL2
 
Croton glandulosus
vente conmigo
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CRSE11
ERSE3
 
 
Croton setigerus
Eremocarpus setigerus
doveweed
turkey mullein

WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
CRTE4
 
 
 
 
 
Croton texensis
Texas croton
croton
doveweed
goatweed
skunkweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
CRVU2
 
 
Crupina vulgaris
bearded creeper
common crupina
US, STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
CRMA10
 
Cryptostegia madagascariensis
rubber vine
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
CUAN
 
Cucumis anguria
West Indian gherkin
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CUME
 
CUMED
 
 
 
Cucumis melo
cantalope
Cucumis melo var. dudaim
Armenian cucumber
Dudaim melon
snake cucumber
SWSS
 
STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
CUMY
 
Cucumis myriocarpus
paddy melon
STATE
 
L48 (I)
CUFO
 
 
 
 
 
Cucurbita foetidissima
Missouri gourd
buffalo gourd
calabazilla
wild gourd
wild pumkin
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
CUAN4
 
 
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
carrot weed
carrotwood
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
CUSCU
 
Cuscuta
dodder
US, STATE
 
CUAP2
 
Cuscuta approximata
smoothseed alfalfa dodder
STATE, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CUBO
 
Cuscuta boldinghii
Boldingh's dodder
N'EAST
 
PR (I)
CUCA5
 
Cuscuta cassytoides
African dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
CUEP2
 
Cuscuta epilinum
flax dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CUEP
 
Cuscuta epithymum
clover dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CUEU
 
Cuscuta europaea
greater dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
CUIN
 
Cuscuta indecora
bigseed alfalfa dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
CUINB
 
Cuscuta indecora var. bifida
bigseed alfalfa dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N)
CUINI
 
Cuscuta indecora var. indecora
bigseed alfalfa dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N)
CUINL
 
Cuscuta indecora var. longisepala
bigseed dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N)
CUINN
 
Cuscuta indecora var. neuropetala
bigseed dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
CUJA
 
Cuscuta japonica
Japanese dodder
STATE, N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
CUPE3
 
 
 
Cuscuta pentagona
field dodder
fiveangled dodder
lespedeza dodder
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
CUPEG
 
 
Cuscuta pentagona var. glabrior
bushclover dodder
field dodder
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (N)
CUPEP2
 
 
CUCA2
 
Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona
field dodder
fiveangled dodder
Cuscuta campestris
field dodder
N'EAST
 
 
N'EAST, WSWS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
CUPEP3
 
 
Cuscuta pentagona var. pubescens
bushclover dodder
field dodder
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (N)
CURE
 
Cuscuta reflexa
giant dodder
STATE, N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
CUSU
 
Cuscuta suaveolens
fringed dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
CUUM
 
Cuscuta umbellata
flatglobe dodder
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CYCO18
SPCO18
Cyathea cooperi
Sphaeropteris cooperi

HEAR
L48 (I), HI (I)
CYXA2
IVXA
 
 
 
 
 
Cyclachaena xanthiifolia
Iva xanthifolia
burweed marshelder
false ragweed
giant marshelder
horseweed
marshelder

NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
CYRE
 
Cymbopogon refractus
barbwire grass
STATE
 
HI (I)
CYLA
 
 
 
 
AMAL3
 
Cynanchum laeve
climbing milkweed
honeyvine
honeyvine milkweed
sandvine
Ampelamus albidus
honeyvine milkweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
KY, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
CYLO11
 
CYNI
 
 
 
VINI3
 
Cynanchum louiseae
black swallow-wort
Cynanchum nigrum
Louis' swallow-wort
black swallowwort
climbing milkweed
Vincetoxicum nigrum
black swallow-wort
STATE
 
STATE, N'EAST
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYRO8
 
Cynanchum rossicum
pale swallow-wort
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYVI3
VIHI3
 
Cynanchum vincetoxicum
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
pale swallow-wort

STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYCA
 
 
 
Cynara cardunculus
artichoke thistle
cardoon
wild artichoke
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
L48 (I)
CYNOD
 
Cynodon
bermudagrass
STATE
 
CYDA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cynodon dactylon
Bermudagrass
chiendent pied-de-poule
devilgrass
grama-seda
manienie
motie molulu
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
CYOF
 
Cynoglossum officinale
houndstongue
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYAC2
 
Cyperus acuminatus
tapertip flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CYCO
 
Cyperus compressus
poorland flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CYDI4
 
 
Cyperus difformis
smallflower umbrella sedge
variable flatsedge
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CYER2
 
Cyperus erythrorhizos
redroot flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CYES
 
 
Cyperus esculentus
yellow nutgrass
yellow nutsedge
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
CYHA
 
Cyperus haspan
haspan flatsedge
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
CYIN6
 
 
Cyperus involucratus
umbrella flatsedge
umbrella plant
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CYIR
 
Cyperus iria
ricefield flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
CYOD
 
Cyperus odoratus
fragrant flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
CYPR17
 
 
Cyperus prolifer
dwarf papyrus
miniature flatsedge
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
CYRO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cyperus rotundus
chaguan humatag
cocograss
kili'o'opu
nutgrass
pakopako
purple nutsedge
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CYST
 
Cyperus strigosus
stawcolored flatsedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
CYSC4
 
 
Cytisus scoparius
English broom
Scotch broom
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CYSCA
 
 
Cytisus scoparius var. andreanus
English broom
Scotch broom
STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
CYSCS2
 
 
Cytisus scoparius var. scoparius
English broom
Scotch broom
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CYST7
 
Cytisus striatus
Portugese broom
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
DAGL
 
 
Dactylis glomerata
cocksfoot
orchardgrass
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
DAAE
 
Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Egyptian grass
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
DALA11
 
Daphne laureola
spurge laurel
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
DAIN2
DAIN5
 
 
 
Datura inoxia
Datura innoxia
angel's trumpet
desert thornapple
sacred datura

WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
DAQU
 
Datura quercifolia
Chinese thornapple
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
DAST
 
 
 
 
 
 
Datura stramonium
Jamestown weed
jimsonweed
mad apple
moonflower
stinkwort
thorn apple
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
DACA6
 
 
 
Daucus carota
Queen Anne's lace
bird's nest
wild carrot
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
DEOD
 
 
 
SEMI
 
Delairea odorata
German ivy
Italian ivy
cape ivy
Senecio mikanioides
capeivy
Cal-IPC
 
 
 
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
DECAV2
DEVI
 
 
 
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Delphinium virescens
Carolina larkspur
plains larkspur
prairie larkspur

NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
DEGE2
 
Delphinium geyeri
Geyer larkspur
WSWS
 
L48 (N)
DENU2
 
 
 
Delphinium nuttallianum
Nuttall's larkspur
low larkspur
twolobe larkspur
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
DEOC
 
Delphinium ×occidentale
duncecap larkspur
WSWS
 
L48 (N)
DEPE6
DEPE3
 
Deparia petersenii
Deparia petersonii
false spleenwort

HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
DEEL3
 
 
Derris elliptica
derris
oiltree
HEAR
 
 
(I)
DEPI
 
 
Descurainia pinnata
green tansymustard
tansymustard
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
DESO2
 
 
Descurainia sophia
flixweed
pinnate tansymustard
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
DEIL
 
Desmanthus illinoensis
prairie bundleflower
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
DECA15
 
Desmodium cajanifolium
tropical ticktrefoil
HEAR
 
HI (I)
DETO
 
Desmodium tortuosum
dixie ticktrefoil
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
DIAR
 
Dianthus armeria
Deptford pink
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (W)
DICI2
 
DINU6
 
Dichrostachys cinerea
aroma
Dichrostachys nutans
marabu
STATE
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
DIPU
 
Digitalis purpurea
purple foxglove
WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
DIAB
DISC5
 
 
 
Digitaria abyssinica
Digitaria scalarum
African couchgrass
bluecouch
fingergrass

US, STATE
 
 
 
HI (I)
DIBI
 
Digitaria bicornis
Asian crabgrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
DICI
 
 
 
 
 
 
Digitaria ciliaris
Henry's crabgrass
fingergrass
kukaepua'a
saulangi
smooth crabgrass
tropical crabgrass
SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
DIIS
 
 
Digitaria ischaemum
small crabgrass
smooth crabgrass
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
DISA
 
 
 
Digitaria sanguinalis
hairy crabgrass
large crabgrass
purple crabgrass
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
DIVE2
 
 
Digitaria velutina
annual couchgrass
velvet fingergrass
US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
DITE2
 
Diodia teres
poorjoe
KY
 
L48 (N)
DIVI3
 
Diodia virginiana
Virginia buttonweed
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N)
DIAL2
 
Dioscorea alata
winged yam
STATE, FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
DIBU
 
 
 
Dioscorea bulbifera
air potato
air yam
bitter yam
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
DIOP
DIBA2
 
Dioscorea oppositifolia
Dioscorea batatas
air-potato

SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
DIFU2
 
 
 
DISY
 
 
Dipsacus fullonum
Fuller's teasel
common teasel
teasel
Dipsacus sylvestris
Fuller's teasel
common teasel
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
DILA4
 
Dipsacus laciniatus
cutleaf teasel
STATE, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
DISA9
 
Dipsacus sativus
Indian teasel
STATE
 
L48 (I)
DIRO2
 
Dissotis rotundifolia
pinklady
HEAR
 
HI (I), PR (I)
DISP
 
 
 
 
 
Distichlis spicata
desert saltgrass
inland saltgrass
marsh spikegrass
saltgrass
seashore saltgrass
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
DRVE2
 
Draba verna
spring Whitlowgrass
KY
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
DRAM
RUAM7
 
Dracopis amplexicaulis
Rudbeckia amplexicaulis
clasping coneflower

SWSS
 
L48 (N)
DRAR7
 
Drymaria arenarioides
alfombrilla
US, STATE
 
DYAM
CHAM
 
Dysphania ambrosioides
Chenopodium ambrosioides
Mexican tea

SWSS
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
DYPA
 
 
Dyssodia papposa
dogweed
fetid marigold
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ECCO2
 
 
Echinochloa colona
junglerice
watergrass
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ECCR
 
 
 
 
Echinochloa crus-galli
Japanese millet
barnyard grass
cockspur
watergrass
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
ECLO
 
 
 
Echinocystis lobata
wild balsamapple
wild cucumber
wild mock cucumber
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ECCO3
 
 
Echinodorus cordifolius
burhead
creeping burhead
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
ECPL
 
Echium plantagineum
Paterson's curse
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ECVU
 
Echium vulgare
blueweed
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (I)
ECPR
 
 
 
Eclipta prostrata
eclipta
false daisy
yerba de tago
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
EGDE
 
 
 
ELDE3
 
Egeria densa
Brazilian e
South American waterweed
State
Elodea densa
South American waterweed
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
EHCA
 
 
Ehrharta calycina
perennial veldt grass
veldtgrass
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EHER
 
Ehrharta erecta
panic veldt grass
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EICHH
 
Eichhornia
waterhyacinth
STATE
 
EIAZ2
 
Eichhornia azurea
anchored water hyacinth
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
EICR
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eichhornia crassipes
floating water hyacinth
jacinthe d'eau
jacinto de agua
lirio acuatico
mbekambekairanga
water hyacinth
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
ELAN
 
 
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Russian olive
oleaster
STATE, Cal-IPC, NE&GP, WI, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELPU2
 
 
Elaeagnus pungens
thorny elaeagnus
thorny olive
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
ELUM
 
 
Elaeagnus umbellata
autumn olive
oleaster
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ELMO5
 
 
 
 
Elephantopus mollis
cucha-cara
elephantopus
lengua de vaca
yerba de caballo
STATE
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ELIN3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleusine indica
Indian goosegrass
crowsfoot grass
goosegrass
manienie ali'I
silver crabgrass
wiregrass
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
ELNY
 
 
 
Ellisia nyctelea
Aunt Lucy
ellisia
waterpod
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ELCA7
 
Elodea canadensis
Canadian waterweed
SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (I), PR (I), CAN (N)
ELCI
 
Elsholtzia ciliata
crested late-summer mint
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELRE4
AGRE2
 
 
 
ELRE3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elymus repens
Agropyron repens
couchgrass
dog grass
quackgrass
Elytrigia repens
couchgrass
quackgrass
quickgrass
quitch
scutch
twitch

STATE, KY, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
EMAU
 
Emex australis
three-cornered jack
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
EMSP
 
Emex spinosa
devil's thorn
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ENCO2
 
Enterolobium contortisiliquum
earpod tree
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
EPHI
 
 
Epilobium hirsutum
codlins and cream
hairy willow herb
STATE, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EPPI
 
 
Epipremnum pinnatum
centipede tongavine
pothos
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
EQAR
 
 
 
Equisetum arvense
field horsetail
scouring rush
western horsetail
N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N?), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)
EQHY
 
Equisetum hyemale
scouringrush horsetail
SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
EQLA
 
 
Equisetum laevigatum
smooth horsetail
smooth scouringrush
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
EQTE
 
Equisetum telmateia
giant horsetail
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ERCI
 
 
 
 
Eragrostis cilianensis
candy grass
lovegrass
stinkgrass
strongscented lovegrass
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ERPI2
 
Eragrostis pilosa
Indian lovegrass
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
ERSP
 
Eragrostis spectabilis
purple lovegrass
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ERGL8
 
Erechtites glomerata
Australian fireweed
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
ERMI6
 
Erechtites minima
Australian fireweed
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
ERNAN5
CHNA2
 
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Chrysothamnus nauseosus
gray rabbitbrush

WSWS
 
L48 (N)
ERAN
 
Erigeron annuus
annual fleabane
KY
 
L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (I)
ERKA2
 
Erigeron karvinskianus
Latin American fleabane
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ERPH
 
Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ERST3
 
 
 
Erigeron strigosus
daisy fleabane
prairie fleabane
rough fleabane
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ERJA3
 
Eriobotrya japonica
loquat
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ERACA
ERGR4
 
 
Eriochloa acuminata var. acuminata
Eriochloa gracilis
southwestern cupgrass
tapertip cupgrass

SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
ERCO8
 
Eriochloa contracta
prairie cupgrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ERVI3
 
Eriochloa villosa
woolly cupgrass
NE&GP, SWSS
 
L48 (I)
ERAN4
 
 
 
 
Eriogonum annuum
annual buckwheat
annual eriogonum
umbrella plant
wild buckwheat
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
ERCI6
 
 
 
 
 
Erodium cicutarium
alfilaree
alfilaria
filaree
redstem filaree
stork's bill
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ERCH9
 
 
 
Erysimum cheiranthoides
wallflower mustard
wormseed mustard
wormseed wallflower
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I?)
ERRE4
 
Erysimum repandum
spreading wallflower
SWSS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ESCA2
 
Eschscholzia californica
California poppy
SEEPPC
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
EUGL
 
Eucalyptus globulus
bluegum eucalyptus
Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EURO2
 
Eucalyptus robusta
swampmahogany
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EUUN2
 
Eugenia uniflora
Surinam cherry
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
EUAL13
EUAL8
 
 
Euonymus alatus
Euonymus alata
burning bush
winged euonymus

SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUFO5
 
 
Euonymus fortunei
climbing euonymus
winter creeper
SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUAL3
 
 
Eupatorium altissimum
tall joepyeweed
tall thoroughwort
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
EUCA5
 
Eupatorium capillifolium
dogfennel
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N)
EUCY
 
Euphorbia cyathophora
fire-on-the-mountain
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EUCY2
 
Euphorbia cyparissias
cypress spurge
STATE, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUDE4
 
 
Euphorbia dentata
toothed spurge
toothedleaf poinsettia
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (NI)
EUES
 
 
Euphorbia esula
leafy spurge
spurge
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUESE
EUPS2
 
Euphorbia esula var. esula
Euphorbia pseudovirgata
leafy spurge

STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUHE4
 
EUPR5
 
Euphorbia heterophylla
painted euphorbia
Euphorbia prunifolia
painted euphorbia
SWSS
 
STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EUMA8
 
 
 
 
Euphorbia marginata
smoke-on-the-prairie
snow-on-the-mountain
variegated spurge
whitemargined spurge
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
EUMY2
 
Euphorbia myrsinites
myrtle spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUOB4
 
Euphorbia oblongata
oblong spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUSE12
 
Euphorbia serrata
serrate spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUTE10
 
Euphorbia terracina
Geraldton carnation spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUMU
EUSUV
 
Euryops multifidus
Euryops subcarnosus ssp. vulgaris
sweet resinbush

STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUFI14
EUFI
 
 
Eutrochium fistulosum
Eupatorium fistulosum
Joe Pye weed
trumpetweed

KY
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
FATA
 
 
 
Fagopyrum tataricum
Japanese buckwheat
green buckwheat
tartary buckwheat
SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
FAMO
PAFA8
 
Falcataria moluccana
Paraserianthes falcataria
peacocksplume

HEAR
 
HI (I)
FAVI
 
Fatoua villosa
hairy crabweed
STATE, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
FIAL4
 
 
Ficus altissima
council tree
false banyan
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
FICA
 
 
 
 
Ficus carica
common fig
edible fig
fiku
piku
Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
FIMI2
 
 
Ficus microcarpa
Chinese banyan
laurel fig
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
FIRU4
 
Ficus rubiginosa
Port Jackson fig
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
FIQU
FIMI
 
Fimbristylis quinquangularis
Fimbristylis miliacea
grasslike fimbry
SWSS
SWSS
 
PR (I)
FLIN
 
Flacourtia indica
governor's plum
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
FLTR
 
Flaveria trinervia
clustered yellowtops
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
FLAC
FLVI
 
 
Flueggea acidoton
Flueggea virosa
Chinese waterberry
simpleleaf bushweed

FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
FOVU
 
Foeniculum vulgare
sweet fennel
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
FRVI
 
 
 
Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry
thickleaved wild strawberry
wild strawberry
N'EAST
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
FRAL4
 
RHFR
 
 
 
 
 
Frangula alnus
glossy buckthorn
Rhamnus frangula
alder buckthorn
columnar buckthorn
fen buckthorn
glossy buckthorn
tall hedge buckthorn
STATE
 
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
FRAM2
 
Fraxinus americana
white ash
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
FRPE
 
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
green ash
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
FRUH
 
 
 
Fraxinus uhdei
Mexican ash
shamel ash
tropical ash
HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
FRFL
 
 
 
 
Froelichia floridana
cottonweed
field snakecotton
plains snakecotton
prairie froelichia
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
FRGR3
 
Froelichia gracilis
slender snake cotton
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
FUFO
 
Furcraea foetida
Mauritius hemp
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
GAOF
 
Galega officinalis
goat's rue
US, STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
GATE2
 
Galeopsis tetrahit
hempnettle
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
GAPA2
 
Galinsoga parviflora
galinsoga
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
GAQU
 
 
 
GACI4
 
Galinsoga quadriradiata
fringed quickweed
hairy galinsoga
shaggy soldier
Galinsoga ciliata
shaggy soldier
KY, NE&GP
 
 
 
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
GAAP2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Galium aparine
bedstraw
catchweed bedstraw
cleavers
cleaverwort
scarthgrass
white hedge
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (I?), GL (I?)
GAPU3
GNPU2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gamochaeta purpurea
Gnaphalium purpureum
catfoot
chafe weed
everlasting
purple cudweed
rabbit tobacco
spoonleaf purple everlasting

N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
GACO5
 
Gaura coccinea
scarlet gaura
STATE, NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GADR
 
Gaura drummondii
scented gaura
STATE
 
L48 (N)
GAPA6
 
 
 
 
Gaura parviflora
smallflowered gaura
velvetweed
velvety gaura
willow gaura
WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
GASI
 
Gaura sinuata
wavyleaf gaura
STATE
 
L48 (N)
GEMO2
 
 
 
CYMO5
 
Genista monspessulana
Cape broom
French broom
Montpellier broom
Cytisus monspessulanus
French broom
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
GECA5
 
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina geranium
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GEDI
 
Geranium dissectum
cutleaf geranium
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
GERO
 
Geranium robertianum
herb Robert
STATE
 
L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (N)
GLCO3
 
Glaucium corniculatum
blackspot hornpoppy
SWSS
 
L48 (I)
GLHE2
 
 
 
 
Glechoma hederacea
creeping charlie
gill-over-the-ground
ground ivy
haymaids
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, WI
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
GLTR
 
Gleditsia triacanthos
honey locust
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GLCL3
 
Glossostigma cleistanthum
mud mat
STATE
 
L48 (I)
GLDI
 
Glossostigma diandrum
mud mat
STATE
 
GLMA3
 
Glyceria maxima
reed mannagrass
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
GLMA4
 
Glycine max
soybean
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
GLLE3
 
 
 
Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American licorice
licorice
wild licorice
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GNPA
 
 
Gnaphalium palustre
lowland cudweed
western marsh cudweed
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GOHI
 
Gossypium hirsutum
upland cotton
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
GRBA
 
 
 
Grevillea banksii
Banks grevillea
Kahili flower
haiku
STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
HI (I)
GRRO
 
 
Grevillea robusta
silky oak
silver oak
HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
GRPA8
HACI5
 
 
Grindelia papposa
Haplopappus ciliatus
Spanish gold
waxed goldenweed

SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
GRSQ
 
 
 
 
 
Grindelia squarrosa
curlycup gumweed
curlytop gumweed
gumweed
rosinweed
tarweed
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GUSA2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gutierrezia sarothrae
broom snakeweed
broomweed
perennial snakeweed
stinkweed
turpentine weed
yellow top
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
GYPA
 
 
Gypsophila paniculata
baby's breath
bachelor's button
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HACA2
 
Haematoxylum campechianum
bloodwoodtree
HEAR
 
HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
HAHA8
 
Halimodendron halodendron
Russian salt tree
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HAGL
 
 
Halogeton glomeratus
barilla
halogeton
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
HAMA7
ERMA16
 
Harrisia martinii
Eriocereus martinii
moon cactus

STATE
 
HI (I)
HEHI
 
 
Hedeoma hispida
rough falsepennyroyal
rough pennyroyal
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HEHE
 
Hedera helix
English ivy
STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
HEHI12
 
Hedera hibernica
English ivy
STATE
 
L48 (I)
HECO11
 
 
 
Hedychium coronarium
'awapuhi-ke'oke'o
gingerlily
white ginger
HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
HEFL5
 
 
Hedychium flavescens
awapuhi melemele
yellow ginger
HEAR
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
HEGA
 
Hedychium gardnerianum
Kahili ginger
HEAR
 
HI (I)
HEAM
 
 
Helenium amarum
bitter sneezeweed
yellowdicks
KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
HEAU
 
 
 
Helenium autumnale
bitterweed
common sneezeweed
false sunflower
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HEAN3
 
 
 
 
Helianthus annuus
annual sunflower
common sunflower
sunflower
wild sunflower
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HECI
 
 
 
Helianthus ciliaris
Texas blueweed
blueweed
yerba parda
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
HEGR4
 
Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth sunflower
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
HENU
 
Helianthus nuttallii
Nuttall sunflower
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HEPE
 
Helianthus petiolaris
prairie sunflower
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HETU
 
 
 
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem sunflower
girasole
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HEPE8
 
Helichrysum petiolare
licorice plant
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
HEPO4
 
Heliocarpus popayanensis
white moho
HEAR
 
HI (I)
HEHE5
 
 
 
Heliopsis helianthoides
heliopsis sunflower
oxeye
smooth oxeye
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HEFU
 
Hemerocallis fulva
orange day lily
WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA17
 
Heracleum mantegazzianum
giant hogweed
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA80
HELA4
 
 
Heracleum maximum
Heracleum lanatum
common cowparsnip
cow parsnip

WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
HEMA3
 
 
Hesperis matronalis
dame's rocket
dames violet
STATE, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
HELI2
 
 
Heteranthera limosa
blue mudplantain
ducksalad
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
HERE
 
Heteranthera reniformis
kidneyleaf mudplantain
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
HESU4
 
Heterocentron subtriplinervium
pearlflower
HEAR
 
HI (I)
HECO10
 
Heteropogon contortus
tanglehead
STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), VI (N)
HESU3
 
 
Heterotheca subaxillaris
camphorweed
golden aster
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
HISY
 
 
 
Hibiscus syriacus
althea
rose of Sharon
shrub althea
SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I)
HITI
 
 
Hibiscus tiliaceus
mahoe
sea hibiscus
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
HITR
 
 
 
 
Hibiscus trionum
Venice mallow
bladder ketmia
flower-of-an-hour
rosemallow
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HIERA
 
Hieracium
hawkweed
STATE
 
HIAT2
 
Hieracium atratum
polar hawkweed
STATE
 
HIAU
 
Hieracium aurantiacum
orange hawkweed
STATE, WI, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HICA10
 
 
HIPR
 
 
 
 
Hieracium caespitosum
meadow hawkweed
yellow hawkweed
Hieracium pratense
field hawkweed
meadow hawkweed
yellow hawkweed
yellow kingdevil
STATE
 
 
STATE, N'EAST
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HICA3
 
 
Hieracium canadense
Canadian hawkweed
yellow hawkweed
WI
 
 
L48 (N)
HIFL3
 
Hieracium ×floribundum
meadow hawkweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HILA4
 
Hieracium laevigatum
smooth hawkweed
STATE
 
L48 (N)
HIPI
 
Hieracium pilosella
mouseear hawkweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HIPI2
 
Hieracium piloselloides
meadow hawkweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HIBE2
 
Hiptage benghalensis
hiptage
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
HOGL2
 
 
HODE
 
Hoffmannseggia glauca
hog potato
pignut
Hoffmannseggia densiflora
pignut
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (N)
HOLA
 
 
 
Holcus lanatus
Yorkshire fog
common velvetgrass
velvetgrass
Cal-IPC, HEAR, N'EAST, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
HOJU
 
Hordeum jubatum
foxtail barley
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
HOMUL
HOLE
 
 
 
Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinum
Hordeum leporinum
hare barley
leporinum barley
wild barley

WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
HOPU
 
 
Hordeum pusillum
little barley
little wildbarley
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
HOVU
 
Hordeum vulgare
common barley
SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
HUJA
 
Humulus japonicus
Japanese hops
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYVE3
 
 
 
Hydrilla verticillata
Florida elodea
hydrilla
water thyme
US, STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I)
HYMO6
 
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
frogbit
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYPO3
 
 
 
Hygrophila polysperma
East Indian hygrophila
Indian swampweed
Miramar weed
US, STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I)
HYAM2
 
Hymenachne amplexicaulis
West Indian marsh grass
FLEPPC
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
HYNI
 
Hyoscyamus niger
black henbane
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYRU2
 
Hyparrhenia rufa
jaragua
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
HYCA11
 
Hypericum canariense
Canary Island St. Johnswort
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
HYPE
 
 
 
Hypericum perforatum
Klamathweed
St. John's wort
common St. John's wort
STATE, Cal-IPC, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HYRA3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hypochaeris radicata
common cat's-ear
false dandelion
frogbit
gosmore
hairy cat's ear
spotted catsear
STATE, HEAR, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HYPE3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hyptis pectinata
comb hyptis
fausse menthe
mint weed
mumutun lahe
purple top
timothi ni vavalangi
STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
HYSU3
 
 
Hyptis suaveolens
mumutun
wild spikenard
STATE
 
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ILAQ80
 
Ilex aquifolium
English holly
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
IMGL
 
Impatiens glandulifera
policeman's helmet
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
IMWA
 
Impatiens walleriana
buzzy lizzy
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
IMBR
 
Imperata brasiliensis
Brazilian satintail
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
IMBR2
 
Imperata brevifolia
satintail
STATE
 
L48 (N)
IMCY
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imperata cylindrica
alang-alang
blady grass
cogon grass
kunai
paillotte
santintail
US, STATE, FLEPPC, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
IPOMO
 
Ipomoea
morning glory
STATE
 
IPAL
 
Ipomoea alba
tropical white morningglory
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
IPAQ
 
 
 
Ipomoea aquatica
Chinese waterspinach
swamp morningglory
water spinach
US, STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
IPCAF
IPFI2
 
Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa
Ipomoea fistulosa
gloria de la manana

STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
IPCO3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ipomoea coccinea
Mexican morningglory
red morningglory
redstar
scarlet morningglory
starglory
wooly tidestromia
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
IPCOC2
IPTR
 
Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Ipomoea trichocarpa
tievine

SWSS
 
L48 (N)
IPHE
 
 
 
Ipomoea hederacea
Mexican morningglory
entireleaf morningglory
ivyleaf morningglory
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
IPLA
 
 
Ipomoea lacunosa
pitted morningglory
whitestar
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (W)
IPPA
 
 
Ipomoea pandurata
bigroot morningglory
man-of-the-earth
KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
IPPU2
 
 
Ipomoea purpurea
common morningglory
tall morningglory
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
IPQU
 
 
Ipomoea quamoclit
cypressvine
cypressvine morningglory
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
IPTR2
 
Ipomoea triloba
three-lobed morning glory
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
IPTU3
 
CAMU25
 
Ipomoea turbinata
lilacbell
Calonyction muricatum
moonflower
SWSS
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
IPWR
 
 
Ipomoea wrightii
Wright's morningglory
palmleaf morningglory
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
IRDO
 
Iris douglasiana
Douglas iris
STATE
 
L48 (N)
IRMI
 
 
Iris missouriensis
Rocky Mountain iris
wild iris
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
IRPS
 
 
Iris pseudacorus
paleyellow iris
yellow flag
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ISTI
 
Isatis tinctoria
Dyer's woad
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
ISRU
 
 
 
 
 
Ischaemum rugosum
co muraina
murain grass
saramattagrass
tho muraina
wrinkle duck-beak
US, STATE
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
IVAN2
 
Iva annua
annual marshelder
KY
 
L48 (N)
IVAX
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iva axillaris
Iva poverty weed
lesser marshelder
mouseear pvertyweed
poverty sumpweed
poverty weed
smallflowered marshelder
STATE, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
JATA
 
Jacquemontia tamnifolia
hairy clustervine
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
JADI2
 
Jasminum dichotomum
Gold Coast jasmine
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
JAFL
 
Jasminum fluminense
Brazilian jasmine
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
JASA
 
 
Jasminum sambac
Arabian jasmine
pikake
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
JUBU
 
Juncus bufonius
toad rush
WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (N), SPM (N)
JUEF
 
Juncus effusus
common rush
HEAR
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
JUPL
 
Juncus planifolius
broadleaf rush
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
JUPO2
 
Juncus polyanthemos
manyflower rush
HEAR
 
HI (I)
JUTE
 
 
 
 
 
Juncus tenuis
field rush
path rush
poverty rush
slender yard rush
wiregrass
N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
JUVI
 
 
Juniperus virginiana
eastern redcedar
red cedar juniper
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
KAPI
 
Kalanchoe pinnata
cathedral bells
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
KIEL
 
 
 
 
 
Kickxia elatine
cancerwort
fluvellin
roundleaf fluvellin
sharpleaf cancerwort
sharppoint fluvellin
WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
KOEL
 
 
Koelreuteria elegans
flamegold
golden rain tree
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
KUST
 
Kummerowia stipulacea
Korean clover
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
KUST2
 
Kummerowia striata
Japanese clover
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
LAFL
 
Lactuca floridana
woodland lettuce
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), CAN (N)
LASE
 
 
 
Lactuca serriola
China lettuce
prickly lettuce
wild lettuce
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LATAP
LAPU
 
Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella
Lactuca pulchella
blue lettuce

STATE, NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LAGAR
 
Lagarosiphon
African elodea
STATE
 
LAMA15
 
 
 
Lagarosiphon major
African elodea
South African oxygen weed
oxygen weed
US, STATE
 
 
 
LAMO5
 
Lagascea mollis
acuate
STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
LAAM
 
Lamium amplexicaule
henbit
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (W)
LAPU2
 
 
Lamium purpureum
purple deadnettle
red deadnettle
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LAPUI
 
 
 
Lamium purpureum var. incisum
hybrid deadnettle
purple deadnettle
red deadnettle
SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
LAPU12
SPOL2
 
Landoltia punctata
Spirodela oligorrhiza
giant duckweed

STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (N)
LACA2
 
Lantana camara
lantana
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I)
LAOC3
 
 
Lappula occidentalis
flatspine stickseed
western sticktight
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LACO3
 
 
Lapsana communis
common nipplewort
nipplewort
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
LATR2
 
Larrea tridentata
creosotebush
WSWS
 
L48 (N)
LALA4
 
 
 
Lathyrus latifolius
everlasting peavine
perennial pea
perennial peavine
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LECA2
 
 
Leonurus cardiaca
common motherwort
motherwort
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LEAU3
 
Lepidium austrinum
southern pepperwort
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
LECA5
 
Lepidium campestre
field pepperweed
KY, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LEDE
 
 
 
Lepidium densiflorum
common pepperweed
greenflower pepperweed
peppergrass
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (I?), HI (I), CAN (NI)
LELA2
 
 
 
 
Lepidium latifolium
Virginia pepperweed
broadleaved peppergrass
perennial pepperweed
tall whitetop
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LEPE2
 
Lepidium perfoliatum
clasping pepperweed
WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LEVI3
 
 
 
 
Lepidium virginicum
Virginia pepperweed
Virginian peppercress
peppergrass
poorman's pepper
N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I?), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I), CAN (NI)
LECH2
 
Leptochloa chinensis
Asian sprangletop
US, STATE
 
LEFUF
 
LEFA
 
 
Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
bearded sprangletop
Leptochloa fascicularis
bearded sprangletop
sprangletop
SWSS
 
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
LEFUU
LEUN2
 
Leptochloa fusca ssp. uninervia
Leptochloa uninervia
Mexican sprangletop

WSWS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
LEPA3
 
Leptochloa panicoides
Amazon sprangletop
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
LESC2
 
Leptospermum scoparium
New Zealand tea
HEAR
 
HI (I)
LEHO7
 
Lepyrodiclis holosteoides
lepyrodiclis
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LEBI2
 
Lespedeza bicolor
bicolor lespedeza
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LECU
 
 
Lespedeza cuneata
Chinese lespedeza
sericea lespedeza
STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I?)
LELE10
 
 
Leucaena leucocephala
koa haole
lead tree
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), VI (I)
LEVU
 
CHLE80
 
CHLEP
 
 
Leucanthemum vulgare
oxeye daisy
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
oxeye daisy
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. pinnatifidum
marguerite
oxeye daisy
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
STATE, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SWSS, WI
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LILU2
 
 
Ligustrum lucidum
glossy privet
tree privet
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LIOB
 
Ligustrum obtusifolium
blunt-leaved privet
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LIOV
 
Ligustrum ovalifolium
California privet
STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LISI
 
Ligustrum sinense
Chinese privet
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
LIVU
 
 
 
Ligustrum vulgare
European privet
common privet
wild privet
SEEPPC, WI
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LISP2
 
Limnobium spongia
spongeplant
STATE
 
L48 (N)
LIFL5
 
Limnocharis flava
Sawah flowering rush
STATE
 
LIIN5
 
Limnophila indica
ambulia
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LISE3
 
 
 
Limnophila sessiliflora
Asian marshweed
ambulia
limnophila
US, STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I)
LIDA
 
Linaria dalmatica
Dalmatian toadflax
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIDAD
 
LIGED
 
Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica
Dalmatian toadflax
Linaria genistifolia ssp. dalmatica
Dalmatian toadflax
STATE
 
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIGE
 
Linaria genistifolia
narrow-leaved Dalmatian toadflax
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LIVU2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Linaria vulgaris
Jacob's ladder
butter and eggs
flaxweed
ramsted
wild snapdragon
yellow toadflax
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LICH3
 
 
Livistona chinensis
Chinese fan palm
fountain palm
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
LOPEM2
 
 
LOMU
 
 
Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorum
Italian ryegrass
annual ryegrass
Lolium multiflorum
Italian ryegrass
annual ryegrass
Cal-IPC, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LOTE2
 
Lolium temulentum
darnel
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LOBE
 
 
Lonicera ×bella
bella honeysuckle
whitebell honesuckle
STATE, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOFR
 
 
Lonicera fragrantissima
January jasmine
sweet breath-of-spring
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LOJA
 
 
Lonicera japonica
Chinese honeysuckle
Japanese honeysuckle
STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LOMA6
 
Lonicera maackii
Amur bush honeysuckle
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOMO2
 
 
Lonicera morrowii
Morrow's bush honeysuckle
Morrow's honeysuckle
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOTA
 
 
Lonicera tatarica
Tartarian honeysuckle
bush honeysuckle
STATE, N'EAST, WI
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LOXY
 
Lonicera xylosteum
dwarf honeysuckle
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOCO9
 
Lophostemon confertus
vinegartree
HEAR
 
HI (I)
LOCO6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lotus corniculatus
birdfoot deervetch
birdsfoot trefoil
bloomfell
cat's clover
crowtoes
ground honeysuckle
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LUDE4
 
Ludwigia decurrens
wingleaf primrose-willow
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
LUGRG2
LUUR
 
 
Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora
Ludwigia uruguayensis
Uruguay waterprimrose
hairy water-primrose

STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LUGRH
LUHE5
 
Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. hexapetala
Ludwigia hexapetala
Uraguay waterprimrose

STATE
 
L48 (I)
LUPE5
 
 
Ludwigia peploides
creeping waterprimrose
floating primrose-willow
KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (NI), PR (N)
LUCR5
 
Lunularia cruciata
liverwort
N'EAST
 
NA (N)
LUAR
 
Lupinus arboreus
yellow bush lupine
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
LUPE3
 
Lupinus perennis
sundial lupine
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
LUPL
 
 
Lupinus plattensis
Nebraska lupine
Platte lupine
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N)
LUPU
 
 
 
Lupinus pusillus
low lupine
rusty lupine
small lupine
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LUWY
 
Lupinus wyethii
Wyeth lupine
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LYFL3
 
Lychnis flos-cuculi
ragged robin
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYBA4
LYHA
 
Lycium barbarum
Lycium halimifolium
matrimony vine

NE&GP
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYFE4
LYFE3
 
 
Lycium ferocissimum
Lycium ferrocissimum
African boxthorn
boxthorn

US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
LYAM
 
 
 
Lycopus americanus
American bugleweed
American water horehound
water horehound
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LYJU
 
 
 
Lygodesmia juncea
rush skeletonplant
rush skeletonweed
skeletonweed
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LYJA
 
Lygodium japonicum
Japanese climbing fern
STATE, FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
LYMI
 
 
Lygodium microphyllum
Old World climbing fern
small leaf climbing fern
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LYNU
 
 
Lysimachia nummularia
creeping jenny
moneywort
N'EAST, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYVU
 
Lysimachia vulgaris
garden loosestrife
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYTHR
 
Lythrum
purple loosestrife
STATE
 
LYSA2
 
 
 
 
 
Lythrum salicaria
purple loosestrife
purple lythrum
rainbow weed
salicaire
spiked loosestrife
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LYVI3
 
Lythrum virgatum
European wand loosestrife
STATE
 
L48 (I)
MAMA28
 
Macaranga mappa
pengua
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MATA3
 
Macaranga tanarius
parasol leaf tree
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MAUN3
 
Macfadyena unguis-cati
claw vine
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MACA2
 
 
Machaeranthera canescens
hoary tansyaster
purple aster
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MAPIP4
HASP3
 
 
 
Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Haplopappus spinulosus
cutleaf ironplant
ironplant
lacy tansyaster

NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MACO10
 
 
Macleaya cordata
plume-poppy
tree celandine
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
MASA
 
 
 
Madia sativa
Chilean tarweed
coast tarweed
tarweed
STATE, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
MAHON
 
Mahonia
barberry
STATE
 
MAAL4
 
Malachra alceifolia
malachra
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
MANE
 
 
 
 
Malva neglecta
buttonweed
cheeseplant
cheeseweed
common mallow
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MALE3
 
SIHE8
 
 
 
Malvella leprosa
alkali mallow
Sida hederacea
alkali mallow
alkali sida
dollar weed
STATE
 
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
MAOR3
 
 
Marah oreganus
coastal manroot
western wildcucumber
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MAPOP
 
Marchantia polymorpha ssp. polymorpha
liverwort
N'EAST
 
NA (N)
MAVU
 
 
Marrubium vulgare
horehound
white horehound
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MAQU
 
Marsilea quadrifolia
European waterclover
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
MADI6
MAMA11
 
 
Matricaria discoidea
Matricaria matricarioides
disc mayweed
pineappleweed

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I?), GL (I?), SPM (I?)
MELU
 
 
 
 
 
Medicago lupulina
black medic
hop clover
hop medic
nonesuch
yellow trefoil
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
MEPO3
 
 
Medicago polymorpha
California burclover
burclover
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MESA
 
Medicago sativa
alfalfa
SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
MECU6 Medinilla cummingii HEAR
MEMA20
 
Medinilla magnifica
showy medinilla
HEAR
 
MEVE3
 
Medinilla venosa
holdtight
STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
MEQU
 
 
 
 
 
Melaleuca quinquenervia
cajeput tree
melaleuca
niaouli
paperbark
punktree
US, STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MELAS
 
Melastoma
melastoma
STATE
 
MECA9
 
 
 
Melastoma candidum
Asian melastome
Indian rhododendron
Malabar melastome
HEAR
 
 
 
HI (I)
MEMA
 
Melastoma malabathricum
Malabar melastome
US, STATE
 
HI (I)
MESA3
 
Melastoma sanguineum
red melastome
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MEAZ
 
 
 
 
 
 
Melia azedarach
Chinaberry tree
Indian lilac
lelah
paraiso
pride of India
white cedar
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MEOF
 
MEAL12
 
Melilotus officinalis
yellow sweetclover
Melilotus alba
white sweetclover
NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS
 
KY, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
MEMI2
 
 
Melinis minutiflora
molasses grass
puakatau
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MERE9
RHRE2
 
Melinis repens
Rhynchelytrum repens
Natal grass

FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MECO4
 
Melochia corchorifolia
chocolateweed
SWSS
 
L48 (I)
MEUM3
 
Melochia umbellata
melochia
HEAR
 
HI (I)
MEAR4
 
 
Mentha arvensis
field mint
wild mint
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
MEPI
 
Mentha ×piperita
peppermint
SEEPPC
 
L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
MEPU
 
 
Mentha pulegium
pennyroyal
peppermint
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MESP3
 
Mentha spicata
spearmint
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MEDE2
 
 
 
 
Mentzelia decapetala
evening starflower
tenpetal blazingstar
tenpetal mentzelia
tenpetal stickleaf
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
METU2
 
 
Merremia tuberosa
Spanish arborvine
wood rose
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MECR3
 
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
ice plant
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
MICON
 
Miconia
miconia
STATE
 
MICA20
 
 
Miconia calvescens
miconia
velvet tree
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
MIST
EHST
 
Microlaena stipoides
Ehrharta stipoides
meadow ricegrass

HEAR
 
HI (I)
MIVI
 
 
 
 
Microstegium vimineum
Japanese grass
Japanese stiltgrass
Nepalese browntop
Nepalgrass
STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
MICO16
 
Mikania cordata
mile-a-minute
US, STATE
 
MIMI5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mikania micrantha
Chinese creeper
kwalo koburu
liane americaine
mile-a-minute
ovaova
wa mbosuvu
US, STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (N)
MISC
 
Mikania scandens
climbing hempweed
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
MIVE3
 
Milium vernale
milium
STATE
 
L48 (I)
MIDI8
 
MIIN80
 
 
Mimosa diplotricha
giant sensitiveplant
Mimosa invisa
giant false sensitive plant
giant sensitive plant
STATE
 
US, STATE
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
MIPE2
MIPI
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mimosa pellita
Mimosa pigra
amourette
bashful plant
catclaw mimosa
dormilona
giant mimosa
thorny sensitive plant

US, STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
MINY
 
 
Mirabilis nyctaginea
heart-leaved four o'clock
wild four o'clock
STATE, NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MIFL3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Miscanthus floridulus
Japanese silvergrass
Pacific Island silvergrass
miscanthus
sawgrass
swordgrass
tupon nette
STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
MISI
 
 
 
Miscanthus sinensis
Chinese silvergrass
eulalia
zebra grass
SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
MIOR
ANOR2
 
 
Misopates orontium
Antirrhinum orontium
lesser snapdragon
linearleaf snapdragon

WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MOVE
 
 
Mollugo verticillata
carpetweed
green carpetweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
MOFI
 
Monarda fistulosa
wild bergamot
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MOPE
 
 
 
 
Monarda pectinata
horse mint
plains beebalm
pony beebalm
spotted beebalm
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
MOHA2
 
 
Monochoria hastata
arrowleaf falsepickerelweed
monochoria
US, STATE
 
 
MOVA
 
 
Monochoria vaginalis
heartshape false pickerelweed
pickerel weed
US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
MONU
 
 
 
 
 
Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's poverty weed
monolepis
patata
patota
povertyweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
MOHI
 
 
Montanoa hibiscifolia
montanoa
tree daisy
STATE, HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
MORAE
HOMER
 
Moraea
Homeria
Cape tulip

STATE
 
MOCO8
HOCO6
 
Moraea collina
Homeria collina
Cape tulip
US, STATE
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
MOFL2
HOFL4
 
Moraea flaccida
Homeria flaccida
Cape tulip
US, STATE
US, STATE
 
MOMI4
 
Moraea miniata
Cape tulip
US, STATE
 
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca US, STATE
MOPA8 Moraea pallida US, STATE
MOCE2
MYCE
 
Morella cerifera
Myrica cerifera
wax myrtle

HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
MOFA
MYFA
 
Morella faya
Myrica faya
firetree

STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
MOAL
 
 
Morus alba
mulberry
white mulberry
N'EAST, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MODI4
 
Mosla dianthera
miniature beefsteak
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
MUFR2
 
Muhlenbergia frondosa
wirestem muhly
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MURA
 
 
Muhlenbergia racemosa
green muhly
marsh muhly
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MUSC
 
Muhlenbergia schreberi
nimblewill
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MUKE
 
 
Murdannia keisak
Asian spiderwort
aneilima
STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
MUEX2
MUPA4
 
 
Murraya exotica
Murraya paniculata
Chinese box
orange-jessamine

FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MUBO
 
Muscari botryoides
grape hyacinth
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
MUCO2
 
Muscari comosum
tassel hyacinth
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
MUNE
MUAT
 
Muscari neglectum
Muscari atlanticum
common grape hyacinth

SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
MYLA5
 
Myoporum laetum
myoporum
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
MYSC
 
 
 
Myosotis scorpioides
forget-me-not
true forget-me-not
yelloweye forget-me-not
WI
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MYAQ2
 
 
Myriophyllum aquaticum
parrot feather
watermilfoil
STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MYHE2
 
Myriophyllum heterophyllum
variable-leaved milfoil
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
MYSP2
 
 
 
Myriophyllum spicatum
Eurasian watermilfoil
myriophylle en epi
spiked water milfoil
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
NAMI
 
Najas minor
brittle waternymph
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
NADO
 
 
 
Nandina domestica
heavenly bamboo
nanten
sacred bamboo
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I)
NAST3
 
Nardus stricta
matgrass
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
NATR3
 
STTR8
 
Nassella trichotoma
serrated tussock grass
Stipa trichotoma
nassella tussock
US, STATE
 
STATE
 
L48 (I)
NAMI2
ROMI3
 
Nasturtium microphyllum
Rorippa microphylla
onerow yellowcress

STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
NAOF
 
RONA2
 
Nasturtium officinale
watercress
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum
watercress
SEEPPC
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
NEAL2
 
Nechamandra alternifolia
nechamandra
STATE
 
NELU
 
Nelumbo lutea
American water lotus
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
NEWIW
GLWI2
 
Neonotonia wightii var. wightii
Glycine wightii
perennial soybean

HEAR
 
NECA2
 
 
 
 
Nepeta cataria
catmint
catnip
catwort
field balm
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
NECO3
 
 
 
Nephrolepis cordifolia
Boston fern
sword fern
tuber ladder fern
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
NEMU
 
Nephrolepis multiflora
Asian swordfern
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
NERE
 
 
Neyraudia reynaudiana
Burma reed
silk reed
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
NIPH
 
Nicandra physalodes
apple of Peru
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
NIGL
 
Nicotiana glauca
tree tobacco
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
NUCA
LICA6
 
Nuttallanthus canadensis
Linaria canadensis
Canada toadflax

SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
NYME
 
Nymphaea mexicana
banana waterlily
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
NYOD
 
Nymphaea odorata
fragrant water lily
STATE
 
L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
NYPE
 
Nymphoides peltata
yellow floating heart
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
OCEL
 
 
Ochrosia elliptica
elliptic yellowwood
kopsia
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
OEMA2
 
Oeceoclades maculata
ground orchid
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
OEBI
 
 
Oenothera biennis
common evening primrose
hoary eveningprimrose
KY, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
OELA
 
Oenothera laciniata
cut-leaved evening primrose
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
OLEU
 
Olea europaea
olive
Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ONAL5
 
Ononis alopecuroides
foxtail restharrow
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
ONOPO
 
Onopordum
thistle
STATE
 
ONAC
 
 
 
 
Onopordum acanthium
Scotch cotton thistle
Scotch thistle
cotton thistle
heraldic thistle
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
ONAC2 Onopordum acaulon US
ONIL
 
Onopordum illyricum
thistle
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
ONTA
 
Onopordum tauricum
taurus cotton thistle
STATE
 
L48 (I)
OPAU10
 
Opuntia aurantiaca
jointed prickly pear
US, STATE
 
OPFR
 
 
 
 
 
Opuntia fragilis
brittle cactus
brittle pricklypear
fragile cactus
jumping cactus
little pricklypear
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
OPPO
 
Opuntia polyacantha
plains pricklypear
NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ORUM
 
 
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Pyrenees star of Bethlehem
star-of-Bethlehem
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
OROBA
 
Orobanche
broomrape
US, STATE
 
ORCO4
 
Orobanche cooperi
Cooper's broomrape
STATE
 
L48 (N)
ORMI
 
 
Orobanche minor
hellroot
small broomrape
STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
ORRA
 
Orobanche ramosa
branched broomrape
STATE
 
L48 (I)
ORLO3
 
 
Oryza longistaminata
longstamen rice
red rice
US, STATE
 
 
ORPU13
 
Oryza punctata
red rice
US, STATE
 
ORRU
 
 
 
Oryza rufipogon
brownbeard rice
red rice
wild red rice
US, STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I)
ORSA
 
Oryza sativa
rice
STATE, SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
OTAL
 
Ottelia alismoides
duck lettuce
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
OXCO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oxalis corniculata
'ihi
creeping oxalis
creeping woods
oxalis
yellow oxalis
yellow wood sorrel
WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
OXST
 
 
 
 
 
Oxalis stricta
common yellow oxalis
sheep sorrel
sourgrass
toad sorrel
yellow woodsorrel
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
OXPA3
 
Oxyspora paniculata
bristletips
STATE, HEAR
 
HI (I)
OXLA3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oxytropis lambertii
Lambert crazyweed
Lambert loco
purple locoweed
stemless loco
white woollyloco
whitepoint locoweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
OXSE
 
 
 
Oxytropis sericea
locoweed
silky crazyweed
white locoweed
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N)
PAGL17
SEGL
 
 
Packera glabella
Senecio glabellus
cressleaf
cressleaf groundsel

STATE, KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (W)
PACR15
 
 
Paederia cruddasiana
onion vine
sewer vine
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
PAFO3
 
PASC15
 
Paederia foetida
skunk vine
Paederia scandans
stinkvine
STATE, FLEPPC
 
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PAAN4
 
Panicum antidotale
blue panicgrass
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PACA6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Panicum capillare
panicgrass
ticklegrass
tumble panic
tumbleweed grass
witches hair
witchgrass
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
PADI
 
 
Panicum dichotomiflorum
fall panicum
western witchgrass
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (I)
PAMI2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Panicum miliaceum
blackseeded proso millet
broomcorn millet
panic millet
proso
wild millet
wild proso millet
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
PARE3
 
 
 
 
 
Panicum repens
couch panicum
creeping panic
panic rampant
torpedo grass
wainaku grass
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PAVI2
 
Panicum virgatum
switchgrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
PADU
 
Papaver dubium
poppy
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
PASO2
 
Papaver somniferum
opium poppy
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
PALOM
ALMO14
Paraserianthes lophantha ssp. montana
Albizia montana

HEAR
PAPE5
 
Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania pellitory
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PAHY
 
Parthenium hysterophorus
Santa Maria feverfew
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PAQU2
 
 
 
 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
American ivy
Virginia creeper
fiveleaved ivy
woodbine
N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PACO14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paspalum conjugatum
Hilo grass
herbe creole
muhsrasre
rehn wei
sour grass
ti grass
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PADE24
PALI7
 
Paspalum denticulatum
Paspalum lividum
longtom

SWSS
 
L48 (N)
PADI3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paspalum dilatatum
dallis grass
herbe de miel
herbe sirop
hiku nua
palpalum dilate
water grass
N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PALA10
 
Paspalum laeve
field paspalum
KY
 
L48 (N)
PANO2
 
Paspalum notatum
Bahia grass
SWSS
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PASC6
 
Paspalum scrobiculatum
kodomillet
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PAUR2
 
Paspalum urvillei
Vasey grass
HEAR, SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PABI5
PAPU13
 
Passiflora bicornis
Passiflora pulchella
wingleaf passionfruit

STATE
 
HI (I)
PABI6
 
 
Passiflora biflora
twin-flowered passionvine
two-flower passionflower
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
PAED
 
Passiflora edulis
purple granadilla
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PAFO2
 
 
Passiflora foetida
fetid passionflower
stinking passionflower
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PAIN6
 
Passiflora incarnata
purple passionflower
KY, SWSS
 
L48 (N)
PALA14
 
Passiflora laurifolia
golden bellapple
HEAR
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PALI8
 
 
Passiflora ligularis
sweet granadilla
yellow passionfruit
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
PALU2
 
Passiflora lutea
yellow passionflower
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
PASU3
 
 
 
 
 
Passiflora suberosa
corky passionflower
devil's pumpkin
huehue haole
indigo berry
wild passionfruit
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PATA6
PAMO20
 
 
 
Passiflora tarminiana
Passiflora mollissima
banana passionfruit
banana poka
bananadilla

STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PATRM
PAMO5
 
 
 
Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima
Passiflora mollissima
banana passionfruit
banana poka
bananadilla

STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
PASA2
 
 
Pastinaca sativa
parsnip
wild parsnip
STATE, KY, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
PATO2
 
Paulownia tomentosa
princess tree
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
PEHA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peganum harmala
African rue
Syrian rue
harmal shrub
isband
ozallaik
steppenraute
STATE, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
PECI
 
CECI
 
Pennisetum ciliare
buffelgrass
Cenchrus ciliaris
buffelgrass
STATE
 
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PECL2
 
Pennisetum clandestinum
Kikuyu grass
US, STATE, HEAR, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PEMA80
 
Pennisetum macrourum
African feathergrass
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PEPE24
 
Pennisetum pedicellatum
Kyasuma grass
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
PEPO14
PEPO4
 
 
 
 
Pennisetum polystachion
Pennisetum polystachyon
feathery pennisetum
mission grass
queue de chat
thin napiergrass

US, STATE
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPU2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pennisetum purpureum
bokso
elephant grass
herbe elephant
merker grass
napier grass
puk-soh
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PESE3
 
Pennisetum setaceum
fountaingrass
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PEFR4
 
Perilla frutescens
beefsteak mint
KY, SWSS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
PHAQ
 
Phalaris aquatica
Hardinggrass
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PHAR3
 
 
Phalaris arundinacea
canary grass
reed canarygrass
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
PHCA5
 
Phalaris canariensis
canary grass
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
PHMI3
 
 
Phalaris minor
canarygrass
littleseed canarygrass
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (W)
PHPR3
 
Phleum pratense
timothy
N'EAST
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
PHRE
 
 
Phoenix reclinata
Senegal date palm
reclining date palm
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
PHTE8
 
 
Phormium tenax
New Zealand flax
New Zealand hemp
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
PHAU7
 
PHCO15
 
Phragmites australis
common reed
Phragmites communis
common reed
STATE, N'EAST, SEEPPC
 
STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
PHTE5
 
Phyllanthus tenellus
longstalked phyllanthus
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PHUR
 
Phyllanthus urinaria
chamber bitter
STATE, SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
PHAU8
 
Phyllostachys aurea
golden bamboo
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I)
PHNI80
 
Phyllostachys nigra
black bamboo
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PHAC6
PHWR3
 
 
Physalis acutifolia
Physalis wrightii
Wright groundcherry
sharpleaf groundcherry

WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
PHAN5
 
Physalis angulata
cutleaf groundcherry
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PHHE5
 
Physalis heterophylla
clammy groundcherry
KY, NE&GP, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PHLO4
 
Physalis longifolia
long-leaf groundcherry
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PHLOS
PHSU8
 
 
 
Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata
Physalis subglabrata
husk tomato
longleaf groundcherry
smooth groundcherry

N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PHVI5
 
 
Physalis virginiana
Virginia groundcherry
lanceleaf groundcherry
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PHVI17
 
 
Physalis viscosa
grape groundcherry
groundcherry
STATE
 
 
L48 (N)
PHAM4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed
common pokeweed
inkberry
pigeonberry
pokeberry
pokeweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PIHI
 
Picris hieracioides
hawkweed oxtongue
STATE
 
L48 (NI), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
PIDI2
 
Pimenta dioica
allspice
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PIRA
 
Pimenta racemosa
bayrumtree
HEAR
 
PR (N), VI (N)
PIELE2
PICA2
 
Pinus elliottii var. elliottii
Pinus caribaea
Hondurus pine

HEAR
 
L48 (N)
PIPA13
 
Pinus patula
Mexican weeping pine
HEAR
 
HI (I)
PIPI6
 
Pinus pinaster
cluster pine
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PIRA2
 
Pinus radiata
Monterey pine
HEAR
 
L48 (N)
PITA
 
Pinus taeda
loblolly pine
HEAR
 
L48 (N)
PIAD
 
Piper aduncum
spiked pepper
STATE
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
PIST2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pistia stratiotes
apon-apon
laitue d'eau
lechuguita de qgua
pistie
tropical duckweed
water lettuce
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PIUN2
 
 
 
 
 
Pittosporum undulatum
Australian cheesewood
Victorian box
Victorian laurel
mock orange
sweet pittosporum
STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PLAR3
 
Plantago aristata
largebracted plantain
STATE, SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
PLLA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plantago lanceolata
English plantain
buckhorn plantain
lanceleaf plantain
narrowleaf plantain
ribgrass
ribwort
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
PLMA2
 
 
 
 
Plantago major
broadleaf plantain
buckhorn plantain
common plantain
rippleseed plantain
N'EAST, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
PLPA2
 
 
Plantago patagonica
woolly Indianwheat
woolly plantain
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PLRU
 
 
Plantago rugelii
Rugel's plantain
blackseed plantain
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
PLCA10
PLSY
 
Pluchea carolinensis
Pluchea symphytifolia
cure for all

HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PLIN4
 
 
Pluchea indica
Indian fleabane
Indian pluchea
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
POAN
 
 
Poa annua
annual bluegrass
walkgrass
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
POBU
 
Poa bulbosa
bulbous bluegrass
WSWS
 
L48 (I)
POCO
 
Poa compressa
Canada bluegrass
WI
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
POPR
 
Poa pratensis
Kentucky bluegrass
NE&GP, WI
 
L48 (NI), AK (NI), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (NI), GL (N), SPM (I)
POTR2
 
Poa trivialis
rough bluegrass
N'EAST
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
POBI2
 
 
Polygonatum biflorum
Solomon's seal
smooth Solomon's seal
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
POAC3
 
 
Polygonum achoreum
leathery knotweed
striate knotweed
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
POAM8
 
Polygonum amphibium
water knotweed
SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
POAR11
 
 
 
 
 
Polygonum arenastrum
common knotweed
doorweed
matweed
ovalleaf knotweed
prostrate knotweed
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
POAV
 
Polygonum aviculare
prostrate knotweed
KY, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
POCE4
POCA49
 
 
Polygonum cespitosum
Polygonum caespitosum
bristled knotweed
bunchy knotweed

SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCO10
 
 
 
 
 
Polygonum convolvulus
black bindweed
climbing buckwheat
cornbind
dullseed cornbind
wild buckwheat
N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
POCU6
 
 
 
FAJA2
 
Polygonum cuspidatum
Japanese bamboo
Japanese knotweed
fleeceflower
Fallopia japonica
Japanese knotweed
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
POER2
 
 
 
Polygonum erectum
devil's shoestring
erect knotweed
wireweed
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
POLA4
 
 
 
Polygonum lapathifolium
curltop ladysthumb
curlytop knotweed
pale smartweed
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
POOR2
 
Polygonum orientale
Prince's feather
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
POPE2
 
 
 
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania knotweed
Pennsylvania smartweed
pinweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
POPE10
 
Polygonum perfoliatum
mile-a-minute weed
STATE, N'EAST
 
L48 (I)
POPE3
 
 
 
Polygonum persicaria
lady's thumb
ladysthumb smartweed
smartweed
SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
POPO5
 
Polygonum polystachyum
Himalyan knotweed
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
PORA3
 
 
Polygonum ramosissimum
bushy knotweed
tall knotweed
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I?), CAN (N)
POSA4
 
Polygonum sachalinense
giant knotweed
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
POMO5
 
 
Polypogon monspeliensis
rabbitfoot polypogon
rabbitfootgrass
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
POCO14
 
Pontederia cordata
pickerelweed
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PORO12
 
Pontederia rotundifolia
tropical pickerelweed
STATE
 
POAL7
 
Populus alba
white poplar
SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
PODE3
 
 
Populus deltoides
common cottonwood
eastern cottonwood
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
POOL
 
 
 
 
 
 
Portulaca oleracea
akulikuli-kula
common purslane
duckweed
pursley
pusley
wild portulaca
STATE, HEAR, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (N)
POCR3
 
 
Potamogeton crispus
curly pondweed
curly-leaved pondweed
STATE, Cal-IPC, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
PORE5
 
 
Potentilla recta
roughfruit cinquefoil
sulfur cinquefoil
STATE, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
POSI2
 
 
 
Potentilla simplex
common cinquefoil
oldfield cinquefoil
oldfield fivefingers
N'EAST
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (I)
PRLO
 
 
 
Proboscidea louisianica
aphid trap
devil's claw
unicorn-plant
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
PROSO
 
Prosopis
mesquite
STATE
 
PRAL11
 
Prosopis alpataco
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRAR6
 
Prosopis argentina
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRBU2
 
Prosopis burkartii
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRCA9
 
Prosopis caldenia
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRCA10
 
Prosopis calingastana
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRCA11
 
Prosopis campestris
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRCA12
 
Prosopis castellanosii
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRDE4
 
Prosopis denudans
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PREL5
 
Prosopis elata
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRFA2
 
Prosopis farcta
Syrian mesquite
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
PRFE2
 
Prosopis ferox
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRFI4
 
Prosopis fiebrigii
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRGL2
 
Prosopis glandulosa
honey mesquite
WSWS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), VI (I)
PRHA4
 
Prosopis hassleri
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRHU3
 
Prosopis humilis
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRJU3
 
Prosopis juliflora
mesquite
STATE
 
HI (I)
PRKU2
 
Prosopis kuntzei
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRPA4
 
 
 
Prosopis pallida
algaroba
kiawe
mesquite
US, STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PRPA10
 
Prosopis palmeri
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRRE2
 
Prosopis reptans
tornillo
US, STATE
 
L48 (N)
PRRO4
 
Prosopis rojasiana
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRRU4
 
Prosopis ruizlealii
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRRU5
 
Prosopis ruscifolia
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRSE5
 
Prosopis sericantha
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRST3
 
Prosopis strombulifera
Argentine screwbean
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
PRTO3
 
Prosopis torquata
mesquite
US, STATE
 
PRVE
PRAR4
 
Prosopis velutina
Prosopis articulata
velvet mesquite

US, STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
PRVU
 
 
 
Prunella vulgaris
common selfheal
healall
selfheal
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (NI), SPM (N)
PRSE2
 
Prunus serotina
black cherry
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
PRVI
 
 
Prunus virginiana
chokecherry
common chokecherry
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (N)
PSCA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Psidium cattleianum
Chinese guava
cattley guava
cherry guava
kuahpa
purple guava
strawberry guava
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PSGU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Psidium guajava
abas
goyavier
guabang
guava
kautonga
kuahpa
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PTAQ
 
 
Pteridium aquilinum
bracken
bracken fern
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
PTAQP2
 
 
 
 
Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens
bracken
bracken fern
eagle fern
western bracken
WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
PTVI
 
 
Pteris vittata
Chinese brake
ladder brake
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PTEL
 
Ptychosperma elegans
solitary palm
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
PUMO
 
Pueraria montana
kudzu
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PUMOL
 
 
 
 
 
 
PULO
 
 
PUTH
 
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Japanese arrowroot
acha
aka
kudzu
nepalem
wa yaka
Pueraria lobata
kudzu
kudzu vine
Pueraria thunbergiana
kudzu
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
STATE, HEAR, KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
PUPH2
 
 
Pueraria phaseoloides
puero
tropical kudzu
STATE
 
 
HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PYCA2
 
Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
Carolina desert chicory
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
RAAB
 
 
 
Ranunculus abortivus
early woodbuttercup
smallflower buttercup
smallflower crowfoot
KY, NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
RAAC3
 
 
Ranunculus acris
meadow buttercup
tall buttercup
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (N?), SPM (I)
RAAR3
 
Ranunculus arvensis
corn buttercup
SWSS
 
L48 (I)
RABU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ranunculus bulbosus
St. Anthony's turnip
blister flower
bulbous buttercup
bulbous crowfoot
gowan
yellow weed
N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
RAFI
 
Ranunculus ficaria
fig buttercup
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
RARE3
 
Ranunculus repens
creeping buttercup
WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
RASA
 
Ranunculus sardous
hairy buttercup
SWSS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
RARA2
 
Raphanus raphanistrum
wild radish
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
RASA2
 
 
Raphanus sativus
cultivated radish
radish
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
REMO2
 
Retama monosperma
bridal broom
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
RHAMN
 
Rhamnus
buckthorn
STATE
 
RHCA3
 
 
 
 
 
Rhamnus cathartica
European buckthorn
European waythorn
Hart's thorn
common buckthorn
nerprun cathartique
STATE, WI
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
RHMA2
 
 
Rhizophora mangle
American mangrove
red mangrove
HEAR
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
RHTO10
RHTO
 
 
 
 
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
Rhodomyrtus tomentosus
downy myrtle
downy rosemyrtle
isenberg bush
rose myrtle

STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
RHGL
 
Rhus glabra
smooth sumac
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
RHTY
 
Rhus typhina
staghorn sumac
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
RHCA9
 
Rhynchospora caduca
anglestem beaksedge
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
RHCO2
 
Rhynchospora corniculata
shortbristle horned beaksedge
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
RIBES
 
Ribes
currant, gooseberry
STATE
 
RISC
 
Richardia scabra
rough Mexican clover
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
RICO3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ricinus communis
agaliya
castor bean
lama palagi
maskerekur
toto ni vavalagi
uluchula skoki
Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ROPS
 
 
 
Robinia pseudoacacia
black locust
false acacia
yellow locust
Cal-IPC, N'EAST
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ROAU
 
Rorippa austriaca
Austrian fieldcress
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROPA2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rorippa palustris
bog marshcress
bog yellowcress
common yellowcress
marsh yellowcress
marshcress
yellow watercress
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), PR (I), CAN (N), SPM (N)
ROSI2
 
Rorippa sinuata
spreading yellowcress
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ROSY
 
 
Rorippa sylvestris
keek
yellow fieldcress
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ROAR3
 
 
 
 
Rosa arkansana
Arkansas rose
prairie rose
prairie wildrose
wild rose
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ROMU
 
Rosa multiflora
multiflora rose
STATE, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
RORU
 
Rosa rugosa
rugosa rose
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
ROCO6
 
ROEX2
 
Rottboellia cochinchinensis
itchgrass
Rottboellia exaltata
itchgrass, raoulgrass
US, STATE, SWSS
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
RUAR2
 
Rubus argutus
prickly Florida blackberry
STATE, HEAR, N'EAST
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
RUAR9
RUDI2
 
Rubus armeniacus
Rubus discolor
Himalayan blackberry

STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
RUELO
 
Rubus ellipticus var. obcordatus
yellow Himalayan raspberry
STATE, HEAR, N'EAST
 
HI (I)
RUFR80
 
Rubus fruticosus
bramble blackberry
US, STATE, N'EAST
 
RUGL5
 
Rubus glaucus
raspberry
HEAR, N'EAST
 
HI (I)
RULA
 
Rubus laciniatus
cut-leaved blackberry
N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
RUMO4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rubus moluccanus
Molucca bramble
Molucca raspberry
kohkihl
soni
wa ngandrongandro
wild raspberry
US, STATE, N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
 
RUNI4
 
 
Rubus niveus
Mysore raspberry
hill raspberry
STATE, HEAR, N'EAST
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
RUPH
 
 
Rubus phoenicolasius
Japanese wineberry
wineberry
N'EAST, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
RURO
 
 
 
 
Rubus rosifolius
West Indian raspberry
ola'a
roseleaf raspberry
thimbleberry
HEAR, N'EAST
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
RUSI4
 
Rubus sieboldii
Molucca raspberry
STATE, HEAR, N'EAST
 
HI (I)
RUHI2
 
Rudbeckia hirta
blackeyed Susan
SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N)
RUCA19
RUTW
 
 
Ruellia caerulea
Ruellia tweediana
Britton's wild petunia
Mexican petunia

FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
RUMEX
 
Rumex
dock
STATE
 
RUAC3
 
 
 
Rumex acetosella
field sorrel
red sorrel
sheep sorrel
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
RUAL4
 
 
Rumex altissimus
pale dock
smooth dock
STATE, NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
RUCR
 
 
 
 
Rumex crispus
curly dock
narrowleaf dock
sour dock
yellow dock
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
RUOB
 
Rumex obtusifolius
bitter dock
SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SASP
 
 
 
 
Saccharum spontaneum
ahlek
loa
wild cane
wild sugarcane
US, STATE
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
SAIN
 
Sacciolepis indica
glenwoodgrass
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
SAPR
 
 
Sagina procumbens
birdseye pearlwort
procumbent pearlwort
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)
SAGR
 
Sagittaria graminea
grassy arrowhead
STATE, SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SALA2
 
Sagittaria latifolia
broadleaf arrowhead
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
SAMO
 
 
Sagittaria montevidensis
California arrowhead
giant arrowhead
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I)
SASA7
 
 
Sagittaria sagittifolia
Hawaii arrowhead
arrowhead
US, STATE
 
 
SALSO
 
Salsola
thistle
STATE
 
SACO8
 
Salsola collina
slender Russian thistle
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SAKA
 
 
Salsola kali
Russian thistle
tumbleweed
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
SAPA8
 
Salsola paulsenii
barbwire Russian thistle
STATE
 
L48 (I)
SATR12
 
SAIB
 
 
 
 
SAKAT6
 
 
Salsola tragus
thistle
Salsola iberica
Russian thistle
prickly Russian thistle
tumbleweed
tumbling thistle
Salsola kali ssp. tenuifolia
Russian thistle
tumbleweed
STATE
 
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
STATE
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SAVE6
 
Salsola vermiculata
wormleaf salsola
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
SAAE
 
 
Salvia aethiopis
African sage
Mediterranean sage
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
SALY2
 
Salvia lyrata
lyreleaf sage
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
SAPR2
 
Salvia pratensis
meadow clary
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SARE3
 
 
 
 
 
Salvia reflexa
Rocky Mountain sage
blue sage
lambsleaf sage
lanceleaf sage
sage mint
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (W)
SASC2
 
Salvia sclarea
clary sage
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
SASU11
SAVI16
 
Salvia ×superba
Salvia virgata
meadow sage

STATE
 
L48 (I)
SALVI2
 
Salvinia
salvinia
STATE
 
SAAU
 
Salvinia auriculata
eared watermoss
US, STATE
 
PR (I)
SABI9
 
Salvinia biloba
giant salvinia
US, STATE
 
SAHE7
 
Salvinia herzogii
giant salvinia
US, STATE
 
SAMO5
 
 
 
 
 
Salvinia molesta
African payal
giant salvinia
kariba weed
salvinia
water fern
US, STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
SAHY2
 
Sansevieria hyacinthoides
bowstring hemp
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SAOF4
 
 
 
Saponaria officinalis
bouncing bet
soapwort
sweet Betty
STATE, Cal-IPC, KY, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SAVE4
 
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
greasewood
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SACE
 
Saururus cernuus
lizard's tail
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SCSE6
 
Scaevola sericea
beach naupaka
FLEPPC
 
L48 (N), HI (N)
SCPA
 
Schedonnardus paniculatus
tumblegrass
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
SCAR7
FEAR3
 
 
 
 
Schedonorus arundinaceus
Festuca arundinacea
Alta fescue
coarse fescue
reed fescue
tall fescue

Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SCPR4
FEPR
 
Schedonorus pratensis
Festuca pratensis
tall fescue

SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SCAC2
 
 
 
 
 
Schefflera actinophylla
brassaia
ivy palm
octopus tree
schefflera
umbrella tree
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SCMO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Schinus molle
American pepper
Peruvian peppertree
escobilla
false pepper
molle del Peru
pepper tree
Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
SCTE
 
 
 
 
 
Schinus terebinthifolius
Brazilian pepper-tree
Christmas berry
Florida holly
faux poivrier
warui
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SCAR
 
 
Schismus arabicus
Arabian schismus
Mediterranean grass
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I)
SCBA
 
Schismus barbatus
Mediterranean grass
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
SCCO10
 
 
Schizachyrium condensatum
bush beargrass
little bluestem
HEAR
 
 
HI (I)
SCMU15
SCMU10
 
 
Schoenoplectiella mucronata
Schoenoplectus mucronatus
bog bulrush
ricefield bulrush

SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SCACA
SCAC
 
Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus
Scirpus acutus
hardstem bulrush

SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
SCAN2
 
 
Scleranthus annuus
German knotgrass
knawel
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SCDU2
 
 
 
Sclerochloa dura
common hardgrass
hardgrass
tufted hardgrass
WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
SCOLY
 
Scolymus
thistle
STATE
 
SCHI
 
Scolymus hispanicus
golden thistle
STATE
 
L48 (I)
SCDU3
 
Scoparia dulcis
licorice weed
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
SECE
 
 
Secale cereale
cereal rye
common rye
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
SEVA4
COVA2
 
 
Securigera varia
Coronilla varia
crownvetch
purple crownvetch

SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SEJA
 
 
Senecio jacobaea
ragwort
tansy ragwort
STATE, Cal-IPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SEMA15
 
 
 
Senecio madagascariensis
Madagascar groundsel
Madagascar ragwort
fireweed
STATE, HEAR
 
 
 
HI (I)
SERI2
 
 
Senecio riddellii
Riddell groundsel
Riddell ragwort
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
SESQ
 
Senecio squalidus
Oxford ragwort
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
SEVU
 
 
Senecio vulgaris
common groundsel
ragwort
STATE, N'EAST, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SEOB4
 
CAOB5
 
 
Senna obtusifolia
sicklepod senna
Cassia obtusifolia
Java bean
sicklepod
SEEPPC
 
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
SEOC2
 
CAOC3
 
 
Senna occidentalis
coffee senna
Cassia occidentalis
coffee senna
septicweed
SEEPPC
 
SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SEPEG
 
 
 
Senna pendula var. glabrata
Christmas cassia
Christmas senna
climbing cassia
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (N)
SEHE8
SEEX
 
 
Sesbania herbacea
Sesbania exaltata
bigpod sesbania
hemp sesbania

STATE, KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (W)
SEPU7
 
Sesbania punicea
rattelbox
Cal-IPC, FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
SEFA
 
 
 
 
 
Setaria faberi
Chinese foxtail
Chinese millet
giant bristlegrass
giant foxtail
nodding foxtail
STATE, KY, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SEIT
 
 
 
Setaria italica
Italian foxtail
foxtail bristlegrass
foxtail-millet
SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
SEPA6
 
 
 
 
Setaria palmifolia
broadleaved bristlegrass
hailans pitpit
palmgrass
short pitpit
HEAR
 
 
 
 
HI (I)
SEPA10
SEGE
 
Setaria parviflora
Setaria geniculata
marsh bristlegrass

SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
SEPU8
 
 
Setaria pumila
cattail grass
smooth millet
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
SEPUP3
SEPA82
 
 
Setaria pumila ssp. pallidefusca
Setaria pallidifusca
cattail grass
yellow bristlegrass

US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
SEPUP2
SEGL2
 
 
 
 
 
Setaria pumila ssp. pumila
Setaria glauca
pearl millet
pigeongrass
wild millet
yellow bristlegrass
yellow foxtail

STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
SEVE3
 
 
 
Setaria verticillata
bristly foxtail
bur bristlegrass
hooked bristlegrass
HEAR, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SEVI4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Setaria viridis
bottle grass
green bristlegrass
green foxtail
green millet
pigeongrass
wild millet
STATE, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SIVI2
 
 
Sibara virginica
Virginia winged rockcress
sibara
KY
 
 
L48 (N)
SIAN
 
 
Sicyos angulatus
bur cucumber
wall bur cucumber
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SIRH
 
Sida rhombifolia
Cuban jute
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I?), PR (N), VI (N)
SISP
 
 
Sida spinosa
prickly fanpetals
prickly sida
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
SICO4
 
 
Silene conoidea
cone catchfly
weed silene
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (W)
SILAA3
 
 
 
SIAL12
 
 
 
Silene latifolia ssp. alba
evening lychnis
white campion
white cockle
Silene alba
bladder campion
white campion
white cockle
STATE
 
 
 
N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I)
SINO
 
 
Silene noctiflora
night-flowering catchfly
sticky cockle
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SIVU
 
 
 
 
Silene vulgaris
bladder campion
cowbell
maiden's tears
rattleweed
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
SIPE2
 
Silphium perfoliatum
cup plant
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SILYB
 
Silybum
thistle
STATE
 
SIMA3
 
 
 
 
Silybum marianum
blessed milkthistle
milk thistle
spotted thistle
variegated thistle
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SINAP
 
Sinapis
mustard
STATE
 
SIARA
BRAR11
 
BRKA
 
 
 
 
 
BRKAP2
 
Sinapis arvensis ssp. arvensis
Brassica arvensis
wild mustard
Brassica kaber
canola
charlock mustard
kaber mustard
rapeseed
wild mustard
Brassica kaber var. pinnatifida
wild mustard

STATE
 
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SIAL2
 
 
 
 
Sisymbrium altissimum
Jim Hill mustard
tall mustard
tumble mustard
tumbleweed mustard
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SIIR
 
Sisymbrium irio
London rocket
SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
SILO3
 
 
Sisymbrium loeselii
small tumbleweed mustard
tallhedge mustard
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SIOF
 
 
SIOFL
 
 
Sisymbrium officinale
hedge mustard
hedgeweed
Sisymbrium officinale var. leiocarpum
hedge mustard
hedgeweed
N'EAST
 
 
KY
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
SMRO
 
 
 
 
 
Smilax rotundifolia
bullbriar
common catbriar
common greenbriar
horsebriar
roundleaf greenbriar
N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SOAM
 
Solanum americanum
American black nightshade
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (N?), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
SOCA19
 
Solanum cardiophyllum
heartleaf nightshade
STATE
 
L48 (I)
SOCA3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Solanum carolinense
Carolina horsenettle
apple of Sodom
bull nettle
devil's tomato
horsenettle
sand briar
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
SODI
 
Solanum dimidiatum
Torrey's nightshade
STATE
 
L48 (N)
SODI2
 
Solanum diphyllum
twinleaf nightshade
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
SODU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Solanum dulcamara
European bittersweet
bitter nightshade
bittersweet nightshade
blue nightshade
fellenwort
woody nightshade
KY, N'EAST, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SOEL
 
 
 
 
Solanum elaeagnifolium
silverleaf nightshade
tomato weed
trompillo
white horsenettle
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
SOJA3
 
Solanum jamaicense
Jamaica nightshade
FLEPPC
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
SOLA
 
Solanum lanceolatum
lanceleaf nightshade
STATE
 
L48 (I)
SOMA
 
Solanum marginatum
white-margined nightshade
STATE
 
L48 (I)
SONI
 
 
 
Solanum nigrum
black nightshade
deadly nightshade
garden nightshade
STATE, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
SOPH
SOSA8
 
 
Solanum physalifolium
Solanum sarrachoides
hairy nightshade
hoe nightshade

STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SOPT7
SOPT3
 
 
Solanum ptycanthum
Solanum ptychanthum
Eastern black nightshade
black nightshade

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (N)
SORO3
 
Solanum robustum
shrubby nightshade
STATE
 
HI (I)
SORO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Solanum rostratum
Colorado bur
Kansas thistle
Mexican thistle
Texas thistle
buffalobur
buffalobur nightshade
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (W)
SOTA3
 
 
Solanum tampicense
aquatic soda apple
wetland nightshade
US, STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
SOTO4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Solanum torvum
bhankatiya
devil's fig
fausse aubergine
kausoni
prickly solanum
turkeyberry
US, STATE, FLEPPC, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SOTR
 
Solanum triflorum
cutleaf nightshade
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
SOVI2
 
Solanum viarum
tropical soda apple
US, STATE, FLEPPC, SEEPPC, SWSS
 
L48 (I)
SOAL6
 
Solidago altissima
Canada goldenrod
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
SOCA6
 
 
Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod
common goldenrod
N'EAST, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
SOMI2
 
 
Solidago missouriensis
Missouri goldenrod
prairie goldenrod
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SOSE2
 
SOPT
 
Soliva sessilis
lawnweed
Soliva pterosperma
field burrweed
STATE
 
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SOAR2
 
 
 
Sonchus arvensis
creeping sowthistle
field sowthistle
perennial sowthistle
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOARA2
 
Sonchus arvensis ssp. arvensis
perennial sowthistle
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOARU
 
 
Sonchus arvensis ssp. uliginosus
marsh sowthistle
moist sowthistle
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SOAS
 
 
 
Sonchus asper
perennial sowthistle
prickly sowthistle
spiny sowthistle
KY, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOOL
 
 
 
Sonchus oleraceus
annual sowthistle
pualele
sow thistle
N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SONU2
 
Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SOAL
 
Sorghum almum
Columbus grass
STATE, SWSS
 
L48 (I)
SOBI2
 
 
 
 
 
Sorghum bicolor
black amber
chicken corn
shattercane
sorghum
wild cane
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
SOHA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sorghum halepense
Johnsongrass
aleppo milletgrass
herbe de Cuba
sorgho d'Alep
sorgo de alepo
zacate Johnson
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
SOPR3
 
Sorghum propinquum
sorghum
STATE
 
SPER
 
 
 
Sparganium erectum
branched burreed
exotic bur-reed
simplestem bur-reed
US, STATE
 
 
 
L48 (N)
SPAL
 
 
Spartina alterniflora
Atlantic cordgrass
smooth cordgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SPAN5
 
Spartina anglica
common cordgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPDE2
 
Spartina densiflora
denseflower cordgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
SPPA
 
Spartina patens
salt meadow cordgrass
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
SPJU2
 
 
Spartium junceum
Spanish broom
weaver's broom
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
SPCA2
 
 
 
 
 
Spathodea campanulata
African tuliptree
fireball
fountain tree
rarningobchey
tulipier du Gabon
HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SPAR
 
 
 
 
Spergula arvensis
corn spurry
devil's gut
pickpurse
sandweed
WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SPAL3
 
 
BOAL4
 
 
Spermacoce alata
borreria
winged false buttonweed
Borreria alata
broadleaf buttonweed
winged false buttonweed
US, STATE
 
 
STATE
 
 
SPCO
 
 
 
Sphaeralcea coccinea
copper mallow
red falsemallow
scarlet globemallow
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SPSA3
 
 
Sphaerophysa salsula
Austrian peaweed
Swainsonpea
STATE, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPTR6
WETR
 
 
Sphagneticola trilobata
Wedelia trilobata
Bay Biscayne creeping oxeye
wedelia

FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SPZE
 
Sphenoclea zeylanica
chickenspike
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
SPJA
 
Spiraea japonica
Japanese spiraea
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPCR
 
Sporobolus cryptandrus
sand dropseed
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SPIN4
 
Sporobolus indicus
smut grass
SWSS
 
L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I)
SPVA
 
 
Sporobolus vaginiflorus
poverty dropseed
poverty grass
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (NI?)
STFL4
 
Stachys floridana
Florida betony
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (N)
STGR
 
 
 
 
Stellaria graminea
grassleaved stichwort
grasslike starwort
grassy starwort
little starwort
N'EAST
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
STME2
 
Stellaria media
common chickweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
STAL6
 
Stratiotes aloides
water soldiers
STATE
 
STRIG
 
Striga
witchweed
US, STATE
 
STAS2
 
 
Striga asiatica
Asiatic witchweed
witchweed
STATE, SWSS
 
 
L48 (I)
SYOC
 
 
Symphoricarpos occidentalis
western snowberry
wolfberry
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SYDI2
ASEX5
 
ASSUL
 
 
 
 
Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Aster exilis
slender aster
Aster subulatus var. ligulatus
panicled aster
saltmarsh aster
slender aster
southern annual saltmarsh aster

SWSS
 
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
SYERE
ASER3
 
 
 
Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
Aster ericoides
heath aster
white aster
white heath aster

NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SYPIP3
ASPI2
 
Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum
Aster pilosus
white heath aster

KY, N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
SYAS
 
 
 
Symphytum asperum
consoude apre
prickly comfrey
rough comfrey
STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SYPO
 
Syngonium podophyllum
arrowhead vine
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SYCU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Syzygium cumini
Java plum
duhat
jambolan plum
jamelonguier
kavika ni India
mesegerak
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
SYJA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Syzygium jambos
Malabar plum
apel en wai
iouen wai
kavika ni India
kavika ni vavalangi
rose-apple
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TACA8
 
 
Taeniatherum caput-medusae
medusahead
medusahead rye
STATE, Cal-IPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I)
TAMI3
 
 
 
Tagetes minuta
marigold
stinkweed
wild marigold
STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
TAMAR2
 
Tamarix
saltcedar
STATE
 
TAAR6
 
 
 
 
Tamarix aralensis
Russian tamarisk
saltcedar
tamarisk
tamarix
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
TACH2
 
 
 
 
 
Tamarix chinensis
Chinese tamarisk
five-stamen tamarisk
saltcedar
tamarisk
tamarix
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
TAGA
 
 
 
 
Tamarix gallica
French tamarisk
saltcedar
tamarisk
tamarix
Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
TAPA4
 
 
 
 
Tamarix parviflora
saltcedar
smallflower tamarisk
tamarisk
tamarix
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
TARA
 
 
 
Tamarix ramosissima
saltcedar
tamarisk
tamarix
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I)
TAVU
 
 
Tanacetum vulgare
common tansy
garden tansy
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TAOF
 
 
 
 
Taraxacum officinale
blowball
common dandelion
dandelion
faceclock
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (NI), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (NI), GL (NI), SPM (I)
TEIN
 
Tectaria incisa
incised halberd fern
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N)
TECA
 
 
 
Terminalia catappa
Indian almond
false kamani
tropical almond
FLEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TECA2
 
 
Tetradymia canescens
gray horsebrush
spineless horsebrush
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
TETE3
 
Tetragonia tetragonioides
New Zealand spinach
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
TEVO4
 
Tetrastigma voinieranum
chestnut vine
HEAR
 
TEBI
 
Tetrazygia bicolor
Florida clover ash
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I)
TECA3
 
 
 
 
Teucrium canadense
American germander
Canada germander
germander
wood sage
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
THVI2
 
Themeda villosa
Lyon's grass
STATE
 
HI (I)
THRH
 
 
Thermopsis rhombifolia
goldenpea
prairie thermopsis
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
THPO3
 
Thespesia populnea
seaside mahoe
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
THAR5
 
 
 
 
 
Thlaspi arvense
Frenchweed
fanweed
field pennycress
pennycress
stinkweed
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
THPA7
 
Thymelaea passerina
spurge flax
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
THPRA
THSE
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thymus praecox ssp. arcticus
Thymus serpyllum
creeping thyme
hillwort
lemon thyme
mother of thyme
penny mountain
wild thyme

N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
TIBOU
 
Tibouchina
tibouchina
STATE
 
TIHE2
 
 
 
 
Tibouchina herbacea
cane ti
glorybush
herbaceous glorytree
tibouchina
HEAR
 
 
 
 
HI (I)
TILO
 
Tibouchina longifolia
longleaf glorytree
HEAR
 
HI (I)
TIUR
 
 
 
Tibouchina urvilleana
glorybush
lasiandra
princessflower
HEAR
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (I)
TOCI
 
Toona ciliata
Australian redcedar
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
TOAR
 
Torilis arvensis
hedge parsley
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (N)
TOPU2
RHTO8
 
Toxicodendron pubescens
Rhus toxicodendron
poison ivy

STATE
 
L48 (N)
TORA2
 
 
Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern poison ivy
poison ivy
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
TORAR
RHRA6
 
Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans
Rhus radicans
poison ivy

KY
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
TORY
 
 
Toxicodendron rydbergii
Western poison ivy
poison ivy
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
TOVE
 
Toxicodendron vernix
poison sumac
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
TRFL
 
Tradescantia fluminensis
white-flowered wandering jew
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
TRSP8
 
 
Tradescantia spathacea
boatlily
oyster plant
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRDU
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tragopogon dubius
Western goat's beard
goat's beard
salsifis majeur
western salsify
wild oysterplant
yellow goat's beard
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
TRAPA
 
Trapa
water-chestnut
STATE
 
TRNA
 
Trapa natans
water chestnut
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
TROR
 
Trema orientalis
oriental trema
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
TRSE6
SASE5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Triadica sebifera
Sapium sebiferum
Chinese tallow tree
Florida aspen
chicken tree
popcorn tree
vegetable tallow
white wax berry

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I)
TRPO2
 
Trianthema portulacastrum
horse purslane
SWSS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
TRCI2
 
Tribulus cistoides
puncture vine
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRTE
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tribulus terrestris
Mexican sandbur
Texas sandbur
bullhead
caltrop
goathead
puncturevine
STATE, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (W)
TRPR5
 
 
 
Tridax procumbens
cadillo chisaca
coatbuttons
tridax
US, STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRAR4
 
 
 
 
Trifolium arvense
hare's foot clover
oldfield clover
rabbitfoot clover
stone clover
N'EAST
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
TRCA5
 
 
Trifolium campestre
field clover
large hop clover
KY
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TRIN3
 
Trifolium incarnatum
crimson clover
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (W)
TRRE3
 
 
 
Trifolium repens
Dutch clover
ladino clover
white clover
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
TRMA20
TRMA4
 
 
Triglochin maritima
Triglochin maritimum
arrowgrass
seaside arrowgrass

NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
TRPE4
 
 
 
 
 
Triodanis perfoliata
Venus lookingglass
clasping Venus' lookingglass
clasping bellwort
common Venus' lookingglass
roundleaved triodanis
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
TRTR7
 
 
 
 
Triphasia trifolia
demon de China
lime berry
limon-China
limoncito
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRPE21
MAPE2
 
 
Tripleurospermum perforatum
Matricaria perforata
German chamomile
scentless mayweed

STATE
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
TRDA3
 
Tripsacum dactyloides
eastern gamagrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
TRAE
 
Triticum aestivum
common wheat
SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
TRRH
 
 
 
 
 
 
Triumfetta rhomboidea
Chinese burr
burr bush
dadangsi
masiksik lahe
mo'osipo
paroquet bur
STATE
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRSE4
 
 
 
Triumfetta semitriloba
Sacramento bur
dadangsi
masiksik lahe
STATE
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
TUFA
 
Tussilago farfara
colt's foot
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TYLA
 
 
 
Typha latifolia
broadleaf cattail
cattail
common cattail
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
ULEU
 
 
 
Ulex europaeus
furze
gorse
whin
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ULPA
 
 
Ulmus parvifolia
Chinese elm
lacebark elm
WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ULPU
 
 
Ulmus pumila
Chinese elm
Siberian elm
STATE, NE&GP, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
URLO
 
 
 
 
 
 
Urena lobata
Caesar weed
aramina
chosuched e kui
dadangsi apaka
hibiscus burr
jute africain
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
URFU2
PAFA6
 
Urochloa fusca
Panicum fasciculatum
browntop signalgrass

SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
URMA3
PAMA4
 
Urochloa maxima
Panicum maximum
guineagrass

HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
URMU
 
 
 
 
 
BRMU
 
Urochloa mutica
California grass
Mauritius grass
buffalo grass
para grass
puakatau
Brachiaria mutica
para grass
FLEPPC
 
 
 
 
 
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
URPA
 
Urochloa panicoides
liveseed grass
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
URPL2
BRPL2
 
Urochloa platyphylla
Brachiaria platyphylla
broadleaf signalgrass

KY, SWSS
 
L48 (N)
URRA
BRRA80
 
 
Urochloa ramosa
Brachiaria ramosa
browntop millet
dixie signalgrass

SWSS
 
 
L48 (I)
URTE2
PATE14
 
Urochloa texana
Panicum texanum
Texas signalgrass

SWSS
 
L48 (N)
URDI
 
 
 
 
Urtica dioica
California nettle
slender nettle
stinging nettle
tall nettle
NE&GP, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (NI), CAN (NI), GL (I), SPM (NI)
URDIG
URDIP2
 
 
 
 
Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis
Urtica dioica var. procera
California nettle
slender nettle
stinging nettle
tall nettle

N'EAST
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
UTIN
 
Utricularia inflata
swollen bladderwort
STATE
 
L48 (N)
VAHI2
VAPY
 
 
 
Vaccaria hispanica
Vaccaria pyramidata
cow soapwort
cowcockle
cowherb

SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VAOF
 
 
Valeriana officinalis
garden heliotrope
garden valerian
WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VARA
 
Valerianella radiata
beaked cornsalad
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
VEDU
 
 
Ventenata dubia
North Africa grass
ventenata
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VECA2
 
Veratrum californicum
California false hellebore
WSWS
 
L48 (N)
VEBL
 
Verbascum blattaria
moth mullein
STATE, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VETH
 
 
 
 
 
 
Verbascum thapsus
big taper
common mullein
flannel plant
velvet dock
velvet plant
woolly mullein
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VEBR
 
 
 
Verbena bracteata
bigbract verbena
bracted vervain
prostrate vervain
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VEHA2
 
 
Verbena hastata
blue vervain
swamp verbena
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VEST
 
 
 
Verbena stricta
hoary vervain
tall vervain
woolly verbena
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VEUR
 
Verbena urticifolia
white vervain
KY
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VEEN
 
Verbesina encelioides
golden crownbeard
HEAR
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
VEFO
ALFO
 
Vernicia fordii
Aleurites fordii
tung oil tree

FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
VEBA
 
 
Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin ironweed
western ironweed
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
VEGI
 
 
Vernonia gigantea
giant ironweed
tall ironweed
KY
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VEAG
 
 
Veronica agrestis
field speedwell
green field speedwell
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
VEAR
 
 
 
 
Veronica arvensis
common speedwell
corn speedwell
rock speedwell
wall speedwell
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
VEBI2
 
 
Veronica biloba
bilobed speedwell
twolobed speedwell
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VEFI
 
 
 
 
 
Veronica filiformis
Whetzel weed
creeping speedwell
creeping veronica
slender speedwell
threadstalk speedwell
N'EAST
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VEPE2
 
 
Veronica peregrina
neckweed
purslane speedwell
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
VEPE3
 
 
 
Veronica persica
Persian speedwell
birdeye speedwell
winter speedwell
KY, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
VILA
 
Viburnum lantana
wayfaring tree
WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VIOP
 
 
 
Viburnum opulus
European cranberrybush
Guelder rose
viburnum
WI
 
 
 
L48 (NI), CAN (NI), SPM (N)
VISAN2
VIAN
 
Vicia sativa ssp. nigra
Vicia angustifolia
garden vetch

N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
VITE
 
 
Vicia tetrasperma
lentil vetch
sparrow vetch
N'EAST
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
VIVI
 
 
 
Vicia villosa
hairy vetch
winter vetch
woolly vetch
N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VIUN
 
Vigna unguiculata
blackeyed pea
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
VIMA
 
 
 
Vinca major
bigleaf periwinkle
large periwinkle
periwinkle
Cal-IPC, SEEPPC
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VIMI2
 
 
Vinca minor
common periwinkle
periwinkle
SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
VIAR
 
 
 
Viola arvensis
European field pansy
field violet
wild pansy
KY, N'EAST, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (W), GL (W), SPM (W)
VINE
VIPR5
 
 
 
 
Viola nephrophylla
Viola pratincola
northern bog violet
prairie blueviolet
wild pansy
wild violet

NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VISO
VIPA5
 
 
 
Viola sororia
Viola papilionacea
common blue violet
hooded blue violet
meadow violet

N'EAST
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VIAL2
 
Viscum album
European mistletoe
STATE
 
L48 (I)
VITIS
 
Vitis
grapevines
STATE
 
VIAE
 
Vitis aestivalis
summer grape
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VILA8
 
Vitis labrusca
fox grape
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
VIRI
 
Vitis riparia
riverbank grape
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VIVU
 
Vitis vulpina
frost grape
N'EAST
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
VOCU
 
Vossia cuspidata
hippo grass
STATE
 
VUMY
 
Vulpia myuros
rat-tailed fescue
WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VUOC
 
 
 
Vulpia octoflora
pullout grass
sixweeks fescue
sixweeks grass
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
WIFL
 
Wisteria floribunda
Japanese wisteria
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I)
WISI
 
Wisteria sinensis
Chinese wisteria
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
XANTH2
 
Xanthium
cocklebur
STATE
 
XASP2
 
 
 
Xanthium spinosum
Bathurst burr
cocklebur
spiny cocklebur
STATE, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
XAST
 
 
 
Xanthium strumarium
cocklebur
common cocklebur
rough cocklebur
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
XASTC
XACO
 
Xanthium strumarium var. canadense
Xanthium commune
cocklebur

STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
XYGL
 
 
Xylorhiza glabriuscula
smooth woodyaster
woody aster
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
YUGL
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yucca glauca
Great Plains yucca
Spanish bayonet
beargrass
small soapweed
soapweed yucca
yucca
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ZEMA
 
Zea mays
corn
SWSS
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
ZIVE
 
 
Zigadenus venenosus
death camas
meadow deathcamas
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ZYFA
 
Zygophyllum fabago
Syrian beancaper
STATE
 
L48 (I)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
GP Garden persistent
I Introduced
I? Probably Introduced
N Native
N? Probably Native
NI? Native and Probably Introduced
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
None
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon
NA North America

 

Time Generated: 09/16/2014 05:34 PM MDT