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You are here: Home / Characteristics / Conservation Plant Characteristics for Echinochloa frumentacea Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly / Download
Characteristics

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Conservation Plant Characteristics Data Definitions
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Conservation Plant Characteristics

Echinochloa frumentacea Link
billion-dollar grass
ECFR

Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio High
Coppice Potential No
Fall Conspicuous No
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Green
Flower Conspicuous No
Foliage Color Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous
Foliage Texture Medium
Fruit/Seed Color Yellow
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
Growth Form Bunch
Growth Rate Rapid
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet)
Height, Mature (feet) 3.9
Known Allelopath No
Leaf Retention No
Lifespan
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation None
Resprout Ability No
Shape and Orientation Erect
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils No
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance High
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Drought Tolerance Low
Fertility Requirement Medium
Fire Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 150
Hedge Tolerance None
Moisture Use Medium
pH, Minimum 4.7
pH, Maximum 7.4
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum
Precipitation, Minimum 18
Precipitation, Maximum 60
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 8
Salinity Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Temperature, Minimum (°F) 37
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall
Fruit/Seed Persistence No
Propagated by Bare Root No
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container No
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings No
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 142880
Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Seedling Vigor High
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate None
Suitability/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product No
Fodder Product Yes
Fuelwood Product
Lumber Product No
Naval Store Product No
Nursery Stock Product No
Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Palatable Human No
Post Product No
Protein Potential Medium
Pulpwood Product No
Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 11/23/2014 10:20 PM MST