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You are here: Home / Characteristics / Conservation Plant Characteristics for Betula nigra Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly / Download
Characteristics

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Conservation Plant Characteristics Data Definitions
PLANTS Characteristics species list

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Betula nigra L.
river birch
BENI

Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio Medium
Coppice Potential Yes
Fall Conspicuous No
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Brown
Flower Conspicuous No
Foliage Color Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous
Foliage Texture Medium
Fruit/Seed Color Brown
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
Growth Form Multiple Stem
Growth Rate Rapid
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet) 35
Height, Mature (feet) 70.0
Known Allelopath No
Leaf Retention No
Lifespan Short
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation None
Resprout Ability Yes
Shape and Orientation Erect
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Cold Stratification Required No
Drought Tolerance Low
Fertility Requirement Medium
Fire Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 150
Hedge Tolerance None
Moisture Use High
pH, Minimum 3.0
pH, Maximum 6.5
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum 300
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum 700
Precipitation, Minimum 30
Precipitation, Maximum 80
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 20
Salinity Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Temperature, Minimum (°F) -31
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring
Fruit/Seed Persistence No
Propagated by Bare Root Yes
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container Yes
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings Yes
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 374400
Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Seedling Vigor High
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
Suitability/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product No
Fodder Product No
Fuelwood Product Low
Lumber Product No
Naval Store Product No
Nursery Stock Product No
Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Palatable Graze Animal Low
Palatable Human No
Post Product No
Protein Potential Low
Pulpwood Product Yes
Veneer Product Yes
 
 
Time Generated: 11/24/2014 03:48 PM MST