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Opuntia polyacantha Haw. var. polyacantha
Hairspine pricklypear



General Information
Symbol: OPPOP
Group: Dicot
Family: Cactaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub
Native Status: CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
Arizona"California"Colorado"Idaho"Kansas"Montana"Nebraska"Nevada"NewNorthSouthTexas"Utah"Wyoming"
Distribution Map
green distribution legend Present blank legend Absent/Unreported

See U.S. county distributions (when available) by clicking on the map or the linked states below:

USA (AZ, CA, CO, ID, KS, MO, MT, ND, NE, NM, NV, OK, OR, SD, TX, UT, WA, WY), CAN (AB, BC, SK)

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
OPERP Opuntia erinacea Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow ex Engelm. var. paucispina Dunkle
OPERU Opuntia erinacea Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow ex Engelm. var. ursina (F.A.C. Weber) Parish
OPERU2 Opuntia erinacea Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow ex Engelm. var. utahensis (Engelm.) L.D. Benson
OPERX Opuntia erinacea Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow ex Engelm. var. xanthostemma (K. Schum. ex Hirscht-Zehl.) L.D. Benson
OPHE Opuntia heacockiae Arp
OPJU Opuntia juniperina Britton & Rose
OPMIT Opuntia missouriensis DC. var. trichophora Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow
OPPOJ Opuntia polyacantha Haw. var. juniperina (Britton & Rose) L.D. Benson
OPPOR Opuntia polyacantha Haw. var. rufispina (Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow ex Engelm.) L.D. Benson
OPPOT Opuntia polyacantha Haw. var. trichophora (Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow) J.M. Coult.
OPRH2 Opuntia rhodantha K. Schum.
OPRHS Opuntia rhodantha K. Schum. var. spinosior Boissev.
OPRU5 Opuntia rubrifolia Engelm. ex J.M. Coult.
OPRU6 Opuntia rutila Nutt.
OPSC3 Opuntia schweriniana K. Schum.
OPSPU Opuntia sphaerocarpa Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow var. utahensis Engelm.
OPTR5 Opuntia trichophora (Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow) Britton & Rose

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae – Cactus family
Genus Opuntia Mill. – pricklypear
Species Opuntia polyacantha Haw. – plains pricklypear
Variety Opuntia polyacantha Haw. var. polyacantha – hairspine pricklypear

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Arizona
Opuntia erinacea var. ursina
grizzly bear prickly-pear
Salvage restricted
Salvage restricted
Salvage restricted
Salvage restricted
Salvage restricted
Nevada
plains prickly pear
Protected as a Cactus, Yucca, or Christmas tree
Utah prickly pear
Protected as a Cactus, Yucca, or Christmas tree
southwestern plains prickly pear
Protected as a Cactus, Yucca, or Christmas tree

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover