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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Lythrum salicaria L.
purple loosestrife



General Information
Symbol: LYSA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Lythraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status: CAN   I
SPM   I
L48   I
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
Alabama"Arkansas"California"Colorado"Connecticut"Delaware"DistrictIdaho"Illinois"Indiana"Kansas"Kentucky"Maine"Massachusetts"Michigan"Minnesota"Mississippi"Missouri"Montana"Nebraska"Nevada"NewNewNewNewNorthNorthOhio"Oregon"Pennsylvania"RhodeSouthTennessee"Texas"Utah"Vermont"Virginia"Washington"WestWisconsin"Wyoming"
Nativity Map
blue native legend Native gray introduced legend Introduced blank legend Absent/Unreported

See U.S. county distributions (when available) by clicking on the map or the linked states below:

USA (AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK), FRA (SPM)

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LYSAG Lythrum salicaria L. var. gracilior Turcz.
LYSAV Lythrum salicaria L. var. vulgare DC.
LYSAT Lythrum salicaria L. var. tomentosum (Mill.) DC.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Lythraceae – Loosestrife family
Genus Lythrum L. – loosestrife
Species Lythrum salicaria L. – purple loosestrife

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds.
Alabama
purple loosestrife
Class B noxious weed
Arizona
purple loosestrife
Prohibited noxious weed
Arkansas
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
California
purple loosestrife
B list (noxious weeds)
Colorado
purple loosestrife
A list (noxious weeds)
Connecticut
purple loosestrife
Invasive, banned
Florida
purple loosestrife
Prohibited aquatic plant, Class 1
Idaho
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
Indiana
purple loosestrife
Permit required
Iowa
purple loosestrife
Secondary noxious weed 1
Massachusetts
purple loosestrife
Prohibited
Michigan
Lythrum
purple loosestrife
Sale prohibited 2
Minnesota
purple loosestrife
Prohibited noxious weed
Missouri
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
Montana
purple loosestrife, lythrum
Category 2 noxious weed
Nebraska
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
Nevada
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
New Mexico
purple loosestrife
Class A noxious weed
North Carolina
Lythrum
Class B noxious weed 3
North Dakota
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
Ohio
purple loosestrife
Prohibited noxious weed
Oregon
purple loosestrife
"B" designated weed
purple loosestrife
Quarantine
Pennsylvania
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed 4
South Carolina
purple loosestrife
Invasive aquatic plant
purple loosestrife
Plant pest
South Dakota
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
purple loosestrife
Regulated non-native plant species
Tennessee
purple loosestrife
Plant pest 5
Texas
purple loosestrife
Noxious plant
Utah
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
Vermont
purple loosestrife
Class B noxious weed
Virginia
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
Washington
purple loosestrife
Class B noxious weed
purple loosestrife
Quarantine 6
Wisconsin
Lythrum
purple loosestrife
Nuisance weed 7
Wyoming
purple loosestrife
Noxious weed
1it is illegal to import, sell, offer for sale, or distribute the seeds or the plants of purple loosestrife in any form
2any nonnative member of the genus Lythrum or hybrid of the genus is prohibited from sale
3any Lythrum spp. not native to North Carolina
4including all cultivars
5and related cultivars
6any hybrid cross
7any nonnative member of the genus Lythrum or hybrids thereof
U.S. Weed Information
Lythrum salicaria
purple loosestrife
purple lythrum
rainbow weed
salicaire
spiked loosestrife
This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal, & J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe, & M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Alaska OBL
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover