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Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl.) M. Roem. var. arbutifolia

General Information
Symbol: HEARA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Rosaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub
Native Status: HI   I
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Heteromeles thumbnails at the Plants Gallery



Symbol Scientific Name
CRAR14 Crataegus arbutifolia Aiton, non Lam., nom. illeg.
HESA14 Heteromeles salicifolia (C. Presl) Abrams
PHAR11 Photinia arbutifolia Lindl.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus Heteromeles M. Roem. – toyon
Species Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl.) M. Roem. – toyon
Variety Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl.) M. Roem. var. arbutifolia – toyon

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover