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Eschscholzia californica Cham.
California poppy



General Information
Symbol: ESCA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Papaveraceae
Duration: Annual
Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Native Status: CAN   I
HI   I
AK   I
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Eschscholzia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements.

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements.

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements.

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements.

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements.

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. Usage Requirements.

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. Usage Requirements.

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. Usage Requirements.

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements.

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, San Benito Co., Pinnacles National Monument. May 15, 2003. Usage Requirements.

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, San Benito Co., Pinnacles National Monument. May 15, 2003. Usage Requirements.

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Monterey Co., Spanish Bay. March 22, 1990. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Monterey Co., Spanish Bay. March 22, 1990. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Mateo Co., Edgewood County Park, Sunset Entrance. April 2, 1990. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Mateo Co., Edgewood County Park, Sunset Entrance. April 2, 1990. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Mateo Co. April 2, 1990. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Mateo Co. April 2, 1990. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Luis Obispo Co., Kreyenhagen Ridge. April 19, 1991. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Mateo Co., Hwy. 280 at 92 Triangle. April 29, 1991. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Mateo Co., Hwy. 280 at 92 Triangle. April 29, 1991. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Santa Clara Co., Coyote Valley near Metcalfe Canyon. April 29, 1991. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Santa Clara Co., Coyote Valley, Metcalfe Rd. April 2, 1995. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Santa Clara Co., Coyote Valley, Metcalfe Rd. April 2, 1995. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Santa Clara Co., Coyote Valley, Metcalfe Rd. April 2, 1995. Usage Requirements.

Margaret Williams. ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Courtesy of Nevada Native Plant Society. United States, CA. Usage Requirements.

Margaret Williams. ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Courtesy of Nevada Native Plant Society. United States, CA. Usage Requirements.

Margaret Williams. ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Courtesy of Nevada Native Plant Society. United States, CA. Usage Requirements.

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Papaverales
Family Papaveraceae – Poppy family
Genus Eschscholzia Cham. – California poppy
Species Eschscholzia californica Cham. – California poppy

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Eschscholzia californica . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles.

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Eschscholzia californica
California poppy
This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover